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Items: 12

1.

Carcinoma of gallbladder

Your gallbladder is a pear-shaped organ under your liver. It stores bile, a fluid made by your liver to digest fat. As your stomach and intestines digest food, your gallbladder releases bile through a tube called the common bile duct. The duct connects your gallbladder and liver to your small intestine. . Cancer of the gallbladder is rare. It is more common in women and Native Americans. Symptoms include -Jaundice (yellowing of the skin and whites of the eyes). -Pain above the stomach. -Fever. -Nausea and vomiting. -Bloating. -Lumps in the abdomen. . It is hard to diagnose gallbladder cancer in its early stages. Sometimes doctors find it when they remove the gallbladder for another reason. But people with gallstones rarely have gallbladder cancer. Because it is often found late, it can be hard to treat gallbladder cancer. Treatment options include surgery, chemotherapy, radiation, or a combination. . NIH: National Cancer Institute.  [from MedlinePlus]

MedGen UID:
116001
Concept ID:
C0235782
Neoplastic Process
2.

Retinoblastoma

Retinoblastoma (Rb) is a malignant tumor of the developing retina that occurs in children, usually before age five years. Rb develops from cells that have cancer-predisposing variants in both copies of RB1. Rb may be unifocal or multifocal. About 60% of affected individuals have unilateral Rb with a mean age of diagnosis of 24 months; about 40% have bilateral Rb with a mean age of diagnosis of 15 months. Heritable retinoblastoma is an autosomal dominant susceptibility for Rb. Individuals with heritable retinoblastoma are also at increased risk of developing non-ocular tumors. [from GeneReviews]

MedGen UID:
20552
Concept ID:
C0035335
Neoplastic Process
3.

Neoplasm

A general term for autonomous tissue growth in which the malignancy status has not been established and for which the transformed cell type has not been specifically identified. [from NCI]

MedGen UID:
10294
Concept ID:
C0027651
Neoplastic Process
4.

Carcinoma

A malignant tumor arising from epithelial cells. Carcinomas that arise from glandular epithelium are called adenocarcinomas, those that arise from squamous epithelium are called squamous cell carcinomas, and those that arise from transitional epithelium are called transitional cell carcinomas (NCI Thesaurus). [from HPO]

MedGen UID:
2867
Concept ID:
C0007097
Neoplastic Process
5.

Neoplasms

MedGen UID:
880980
Concept ID:
CN236628
Disease or Syndrome
6.

Retinoblastoma

A tumor of the eye originating from cells of the retina. [from HPO]

MedGen UID:
506340
Concept ID:
CN008757
Finding
7.

Neoplasm of the gallbladder

The presence of a neoplasm of the gallbladder. [from HPO]

MedGen UID:
42134
Concept ID:
C0016978
Neoplastic Process
8.

Gallbladder disease 4

MedGen UID:
370601
Concept ID:
C1969115
Disease or Syndrome
9.

Atretic gallbladder

Failure of formation of the lumen of the gallbladder, often associated with gallbladder hypoplasia. [from HPO]

MedGen UID:
479575
Concept ID:
C3277945
Finding
10.

Hypoplasia of the gallbladder

The presence of a hypoplastic gallbladder. [from HPO]

MedGen UID:
446650
Concept ID:
CN004637
Finding
11.

Absent gallbladder

MedGen UID:
108400
Concept ID:
C0577063
Finding
12.

Congenital absence of gallbladder

A developmental defect in which the gallbladder fails to form. [from HPO]

MedGen UID:
82736
Concept ID:
C0266251
Congenital Abnormality
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