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Items: 1 to 20 of 27

1.

Acetate compound

Salt or ester form of acetic acid. Acetate is the most common building block for biosynthesis, such as fatty acids. [from NCI]

MedGen UID:
452099
Concept ID:
C0000975
Organic Chemical; Pharmacologic Substance
2.

Possible

Capable of happening or occurring. [from NCI]

MedGen UID:
137646
Concept ID:
C0332149
Finding
3.

Tumorigenesis

A pathologic process that involves the transformation of normal cells to a neoplastic state and resulting in polyclonal or monoclonal neoplastic cell proliferation. [from NCI]

MedGen UID:
3302
Concept ID:
C0007621
Neoplastic Process
4.

Carcinogenesis

A pathological process in which normal cells are transformed into malignant cancer cells within a primary tumor. [from NCI]

MedGen UID:
154544
Concept ID:
C0596263
Neoplastic Process
5.

Agar

A complex sulfated polymer of galactose units, extracted from Gelidium cartilagineum, Gracilaria confervoides, and related red algae. It is used as a gel in the preparation of solid culture media for microorganisms, as a bulk laxative, in making emulsions, and as a supporting medium for immunodiffusion and immunoelectrophoresis. [from MeSH]

MedGen UID:
7923
Concept ID:
C0001771
Indicator, Reagent, or Diagnostic Aid; Organic Chemical; Pharmacologic Substance
6.

Split hand

MedGen UID:
831976
Concept ID:
CN227136
Finding
7.

Short stature, onychodysplasia, facial dysmorphism, and hypotrichosis

SOFT syndrome is characterized by severely short long bones, peculiar facies associated with paucity of hair, and nail anomalies. Growth retardation is evident on prenatal ultrasound as early as the second trimester of pregnancy, and affected individuals reach a final stature consistent with a height age of 6 years to 8 years. Relative macrocephaly is present during early childhood but head circumference is markedly low by adulthood. Psychomotor development is normal. Facial dysmorphism includes a long, triangular face with prominent nose and small ears, and affected individuals have an unusual high-pitched voice. Clinodactyly, brachydactyly, and hypoplastic distal phalanges and fingernails are present in association with postpubertal sparse and short hair. Typical skeletal findings include short and thick long bones with mild irregular metaphyseal changes, short femoral necks, and hypoplastic pelvis and sacrum. All long bones of the hand are short, with major delay of carpal ossification and cone-shaped epiphyses. Vertebral body ossification is also delayed (summary by Sarig et al., 2012). [from GTR]

MedGen UID:
762199
Concept ID:
C3542022
Disease or Syndrome
8.

Skin Carcinogenesis

The process by which normal skin cells are transformed into cancer cells. [from NCI]

MedGen UID:
276822
Concept ID:
C1519346
Neoplastic Process
9.

Transformation

The conversion of a cell from a normal phenotype, which undergoes a limited number of mitotic divisions, into an aberrant phenotype that is immortal and divides indefinitely. Transformed cells no longer retain cell-cycle checkpoints and may ultimately become malignant cancer cells via additional genetic mutations, or damaging environmental events. [from NCI]

MedGen UID:
266929
Concept ID:
C1510411
Pathologic Function
10.

Split foot

A condition in which middle parts of the foot (toes and metatarsals) are missing giving a cleft appearance. The severity is very variable ranging from slightly hypoplastic 3rd toe over absent 2nd or 3rd toes as far as oligo- or monodactyl feet. [from HPO]

MedGen UID:
140919
Concept ID:
C0432028
Congenital Abnormality
11.

Ectrodactyly

A condition in which middle parts of the hands and/or feet (digits and meta-carpals and -tarsals) are missing giving a cleft appearance. The severity is very variable ranging from slightly hypoplastic 3rd toe/fingers over absent 2nd or 3rd toes/fingers as far as oligo- or monodactyl hands and/or feet. [from HPO]

MedGen UID:
78566
Concept ID:
C0265554
Congenital Abnormality
12.

Split hand

A condition in which middle parts of the hand (fingers and metacarpals) are missing giving a cleft appearance. The severity is very variable ranging from slightly hypoplastic middle fingers over absent middel fingers as far as oligo- or monodactyl hands. [from HPO]

MedGen UID:
67457
Concept ID:
C0221373
Congenital Abnormality
13.

Heterogeneous

The presence of apparently similar characters for which the genetic evidence indicates that different genes or different genetic mechanisms are involved in different pedigrees. In clinical settings genetic heterogeneity refers to the presence of a variety of genetic defects which cause the same disease, often due to mutations at different loci on the same gene, a finding common to many human diseases including ALZHEIMER DISEASE; CYSTIC FIBROSIS; LIPOPROTEIN LIPASE DEFICIENCY, FAMILIAL; and POLYCYSTIC KIDNEY DISEASES. (Rieger, et al., Glossary of Genetics: Classical and Molecular, 5th ed; Segen, Dictionary of Modern Medicine, 1992) [from MeSH]

MedGen UID:
67020
Concept ID:
C0242960
Organism Attribute
14.

Focal

Area of greatest concentration, attention, or activity; a central point or locus, especially of an infection. [from NCI]

MedGen UID:
61391
Concept ID:
C0205234
Spatial Concept
15.

Developmental disorder

A disorder diagnosed in childhood that is marked by either physical or mental impairment or both, which in turn affects the child from achieving age related developmental milestones. [from NCI]

MedGen UID:
3367
Concept ID:
C0008073
Mental or Behavioral Dysfunction
16.

Skin and Connective Tissue Diseases

A collective term for diseases of the skin and its appendages and of connective tissue. [from MeSH]

MedGen UID:
59786
Concept ID:
C0175166
Disease or Syndrome
17.

Tetradecanoylphorbol Acetate

A phorbol ester with potential antineoplastic effects. Tetradecanoylphorbol acetate (TPA) induces maturation and differentiation of hematopoietic cell lines, including leukemic cells. This agent may induce gene expression and protein kinase C (PKC) activity. In addition to potential antineoplastic effects, TPA may exhibit tumor promoting activity. (NCI04) [from NCI]

MedGen UID:
21493
Concept ID:
C0039654
Hazardous or Poisonous Substance; Organic Chemical; Pharmacologic Substance
18.

dermopathy

An abnormality of the skin. [from HPO]

MedGen UID:
20777
Concept ID:
C0037274
Disease or Syndrome
19.

Neoplasm of the skin

A tumor (abnormal growth of tissue) of the skin. [from HPO]

MedGen UID:
19993
Concept ID:
C0037286
Neoplastic Process
20.

Neoplastic Processes

The pathological mechanisms and forms taken by tissue during degeneration into a neoplasm and its subsequent activity. [from MeSH]

MedGen UID:
14325
Concept ID:
C0027671
Neoplastic Process
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