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Items: 1 to 20 of 43

1.

Primary cortisol resistance

MedGen UID:
443921
Concept ID:
C2930863
Disease or Syndrome
2.

Thyroid Gland Papillary and Follicular Carcinoma

A thyroid neoplasm of mixed papillary and follicular arrangement. Its biological behavior and prognosis is the same as that of a papillary adenocarcinoma of the thyroid. (From DeVita Jr et al., Cancer: Principles & Practice of Oncology, 3d ed, p1271) [from MeSH]

MedGen UID:
64631
Concept ID:
C0206683
Neoplastic Process
3.

Thyroid cancer, follicular

Nonmedullary thyroid cancer (NMTC) comprises thyroid cancers of follicular cell origin and accounts for more than 95% of all thyroid cancer cases. The remaining cancers originate from parafollicular cells (medullary thyroid cancer, MTC; 155240). NMTC is classified into 4 groups: papillary, follicular, Hurthle cell (607464), and anaplastic. Approximately 5% of NMTC is hereditary, occurring as a minor component of a familial cancer syndrome (e.g., familial adenomatous polyposis, 175100, Carney complex, 160980) or as a primary feature (familial NMTC or FNMTC). Papillary thyroid cancer (PTC) is the most common histologic subtype of FNMTC, accounting for approximately 85% of cases (summary by Vriens et al., 2009). Follicular thyroid cancer (FTC) accounts for approximately 15% of NMTC and is defined by invasive features that result in infiltration of blood vessels and/or full penetration of the tumor capsule, in the absence of the nuclear alterations that characterize papillary carcinoma. FTC is rarely multifocal and usually does not metastasize to the regional lymph nodes but tends to spread via the bloodstream to the lung and bones. An important histologic variant of FTC is the oncocytic (Hurthle cell, oxyphilic) follicular carcinoma composed of eosinophilic cells replete with mitochondria (summary by Bonora et al., 2010). For a general phenotypic description and a discussion of genetic heterogeneity of NMTC, see NMTC1 (188550). [from OMIM]

MedGen UID:
64630
Concept ID:
C0206682
Neoplastic Process
4.

Follicular adenoma

MedGen UID:
61429
Concept ID:
C0205647
Neoplastic Process
5.

Trabecular Adenoma

A benign epithelial neoplasm characterized by the presence of a trabecular glandular architectural pattern. [from NCI]

MedGen UID:
60000
Concept ID:
C0205651
Neoplastic Process
6.

Papillary Adenoma

An adenoma characterized by the presence of papillary epithelial patterns. [from NCI]

MedGen UID:
59999
Concept ID:
C0205650
Neoplastic Process
7.

Carcinoma

MedGen UID:
2867
Concept ID:
C0007097
Neoplastic Process
8.

Papillary Adenocarcinoma

A morphologic variant of adenocarcinoma. It is characterized by the presence of a papillary growth pattern. Representative examples include thyroid gland papillary carcinoma, invasive papillary breast carcinoma, and ovarian serous surface papillary adenocarcinoma. [from NCI]

MedGen UID:
123
Concept ID:
C0001420
Neoplastic Process
9.

Poorly differentiated carcinoma

MedGen UID:
810657
Concept ID:
C0741899
Neoplastic Process
10.

Absence

MedGen UID:
739164
Concept ID:
C1689985
Anatomical Abnormality
11.

Growth pattern

MedGen UID:
685841
Concept ID:
C1156245
Finding
12.

Invasion

The movement of one cell type into an area normally occupied by a different cell type. [from NCI]

MedGen UID:
397081
Concept ID:
C2699153
Pathologic Function
13.

Sporadic

Cases of the disease in question occur without a previous family history, i.e., as isolated cases without being transmitted from a parent and without other siblings being affected. [from HPO]

MedGen UID:
342827
Concept ID:
C1853237
Finding
14.

Pathogenesis

The pathologic, physiologic, or biochemical mechanism resulting in the development of a disease or morbid process. [from NCI]

MedGen UID:
195936
Concept ID:
C0699748
Pathologic Function
15.

Oxyphilic adenoma

Oncocytomas are usually benign tumors that occur in various organs but particularly in the kidneys. Histologic evaluation of renal oncocytomas shows that they are composed entirely of peculiar epithelial cells with granular eosinophilic cytoplasm. Ultrastructural characterization exhibits densely packed cells with mitochondria, which show morphologic differences from those in normal cells. On the average they are larger than those in renal carcinoma cells and their shape is abnormal (summary by Welter et al., 1989). [from OMIM]

MedGen UID:
307150
Concept ID:
C1510502
Neoplastic Process
16.

Epithelial Neoplasm

A benign or malignant neoplasm that arises from and is composed of epithelial cells. This category include adenomas, papillomas, and carcinomas. [from NCI]

MedGen UID:
277963
Concept ID:
C1368683
Neoplastic Process
17.

Carcinomatosis

Carcinoma that has spread diffusely to an anatomic site or throughout the body. [from NCI]

MedGen UID:
104704
Concept ID:
C0205699
Neoplastic Process
18.

Cribriform Carcinoma

A carcinoma characterized by the presence of a cribriform architectural pattern. Representative examples include the intraductal cribriform breast carcinoma and invasive cribriform breast carcinoma. [from NCI]

MedGen UID:
104694
Concept ID:
C0205643
Neoplastic Process
19.

Salivary Gland Monomorphic Adenoma

A benign epithelial neoplasm arising from the salivary glands. It is characterized by the presence of a monomorphic cellular infiltrate. [from NCI]

MedGen UID:
64421
Concept ID:
C0205649
Neoplastic Process
20.

Microcystic Adenoma

A benign epithelial neoplasm characterized by a microcystic pattern. The cystic spaces are lined by small cuboidal cells without evidence of significant cytologic atypia. [from NCI]

MedGen UID:
64420
Concept ID:
C0205648
Neoplastic Process
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