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Items: 8

1.

Neoplasm of head and neck

Head and neck cancer includes cancers of the mouth, nose, sinuses, salivary glands, throat, and lymph nodes in the neck. Most begin in the moist tissues that line the mouth, nose and throat. Symptoms include. - A lump or sore that does not heal. - A sore throat that does not go away. - Trouble swallowing. - A change or hoarseness in the voice. Using tobacco or alcohol increases your risk. In fact, 85 percent of head and neck cancers are linked to tobacco use, including smoking and smokeless tobacco. If found early, these cancers are often curable. Treatments may include surgery, radiation therapy, chemotherapy or a combination. Treatments can affect eating, speaking or even breathing, so patients may need rehabilitation. NIH: National Cancer Institute.  [from MedlinePlus]

MedGen UID:
78920
Concept ID:
C0278996
Neoplastic Process
2.

Carcinoma

A malignant tumor arising from epithelial cells. Carcinomas that arise from glandular epithelium are called adenocarcinomas, those that arise from squamous epithelium are called squamous cell carcinomas, and those that arise from transitional epithelium are called transitional cell carcinomas (NCI Thesaurus). [from HPO]

MedGen UID:
2867
Concept ID:
C0007097
Neoplastic Process
3.

Carcinoma

MedGen UID:
910818
Concept ID:
CN241453
Finding
4.

Squamous cell carcinoma

The presence of squamous cell carcinoma of the skin. [from HPO]

MedGen UID:
505376
Concept ID:
CN002585
Finding
5.

Symmetrical dyschromatosis of extremities

Dyschromatosis symmetrica hereditaria (DSH), also called symmetric dyschromatosis of the extremities and symmetric or reticulate acropigmentation of Dohi (Komaya, 1924), is characterized by hyperpigmented and hypopigmented macules on the face and dorsal aspects of the extremities that appear in infancy or early childhood. DSH generally shows an autosomal dominant pattern of inheritance with high penetrance. The condition has been reported predominantly in Japanese and Chinese individuals. Review of Reticulate Pigment Disorders Muller et al. (2012) reviewed the spectrum of reticulate pigment disorders of the skin, tabulating all reported cases of patients with Dowling-Degos disease (see DDD1; 179850), reticulate acropigmentation of Kitamura (RAK; 615537), reticulate acropigmentation of Dohi (RAD), Galli-Galli disease (GGD), and Haber syndrome (HS). Of 82 cases, 26 (31.7%) were clinically diagnosed as DDD, 13 (15.9%) as RAD, 11 (13.4%) as GGD, 8 (9.8%) as RAK, and 8 (9.8%) as HS; in addition, 16 (19.5%) of the cases showed overlap between DDD and RAK. Muller et al. (2012) also published photographs of an affected individual exhibiting an overlap of clinical features of DDD, GGD, RAD, and RAK. The authors noted that in reticulate disorders of the skin, the main disease entity is DDD, with a subset of cases exhibiting acantholysis (GGD), facial erythema (HS), or an acral distribution (RAD; RAK). Muller et al. (2012) concluded that all reticulate pigment diseases of the skin are varying manifestations of a single entity. Genetic Heterogeneity of Reticulate Pigment Disorders For a discussion of genetic heterogeneity of reticulate pigment disorders, see 179850. [from OMIM]

MedGen UID:
96071
Concept ID:
C0406775
Congenital Abnormality; Disease or Syndrome
6.

Carcinoma, Squamous Cell

The presence of squamous cell carcinoma of the skin. [from HPO]

MedGen UID:
2874
Concept ID:
C0007137
Neoplastic Process
7.

Head and Neck Neoplasms

A tumor (abnormal growth of tissue) of the head and neck region with origin in the lip, oral cavity, nasal cavity, paranasal sinuses, pharynx, or larynx. [from HPO]

MedGen UID:
6728
Concept ID:
C0018671
Neoplastic Process
8.

Decreased sensitivity to hypoxemia

Reduced tendency to respond to a reduced concentration of oxygen in the blood by increasing respiration. [from HPO]

MedGen UID:
812616
Concept ID:
C3806286
Finding
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