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Items: 13

1.

Phosphorylation

The creation of a phosphate derivative of an organic molecule. This is usually achieved by transferring a phosphate group from ATP via the action of a kinase. [from NCI]

MedGen UID:
10742
Concept ID:
C0031715
Molecular Function
2.

Calcium

A basic element found in nearly all organized tissues. It is a member of the alkaline earth family of metals with the atomic symbol Ca, atomic number 20, and atomic weight 40. Calcium is the most abundant mineral in the body and combines with phosphorus to form calcium phosphate in the bones and teeth. It is essential for the normal functioning of nerves and muscles and plays a role in blood coagulation (as factor IV) and in many enzymatic processes. [from MeSH]

MedGen UID:
710
Concept ID:
C0006675
Biologically Active Substance; Element, Ion, or Isotope; Pharmacologic Substance
3.

Spondyloepiphyseal dysplasia with congenital joint dislocations

MedGen UID:
373381
Concept ID:
C1837657
Disease or Syndrome
4.

Prostaglandin

A group of compounds derived from unsaturated 20-carbon fatty acids, primarily arachidonic acid, via the cyclooxygenase pathway. They are extremely potent mediators of a diverse group of physiological processes. [from MeSH]

MedGen UID:
18692
Concept ID:
C0033554
Hormone; Organic Chemical; Pharmacologic Substance
5.

Progesterone

A synthetic form of the endogenous hormone progesterone. Progesterone binds to the progesterone receptor, resulting in dissociation of heat shock proteins, receptor phosphorylation, and transcription activation through direct or indirect interaction with transcription factors. This agent exerts inhibitory effects on estrogens by decreasing the number of estrogen receptors and increasing its metabolism to inactive metabolites. Progesterone induces secretory changes in the endometrium, decreases uterine contractility during pregnancy, and maintains pregnancy. (NCI04) [from NCI]

MedGen UID:
18661
Concept ID:
C0033308
Hormone; Organic Chemical; Pharmacologic Substance
6.

Transient

Short-lived and not permanent. This term applies to a phenotypic abnormality that is temporary and of short duration. [from HPO]

MedGen UID:
64403
Concept ID:
C0205374
Temporal Concept
7.

Estrophane

MedGen UID:
195831
Concept ID:
C0699144
Hormone; Organic Chemical; Pharmacologic Substance
8.

Sequence Deletion

Deletion of sequences of nucleic acids from the genetic material of an individual. [from MeSH]

MedGen UID:
102460
Concept ID:
C0162773
Cell or Molecular Dysfunction
9.

Mediator of inflammation

The endogenous compounds that mediate inflammation (AUTACOIDS) and related exogenous compounds including the synthetic prostaglandins (PROSTAGLANDINS, SYNTHETIC). [from MeSH]

MedGen UID:
66209
Concept ID:
C0243042
Pharmacologic Substance
10.

Point mutation

A mutation caused by the substitution of one nucleotide for another. This results in the DNA molecule having a change in a single base pair. [from MeSH]

MedGen UID:
56498
Concept ID:
C0162735
Cell or Molecular Dysfunction
11.

Dinoprost

A naturally occurring prostaglandin that has oxytocic, luteolytic, and abortifacient activities. Due to its vasocontractile properties, the compound has a variety of other biological actions. [from MeSH]

MedGen UID:
41587
Concept ID:
C0012471
Hormone; Organic Chemical; Pharmacologic Substance
12.

Tetradecanoylphorbol Acetate

A phorbol ester with potential antineoplastic effects. Tetradecanoylphorbol acetate (TPA) induces maturation and differentiation of hematopoietic cell lines, including leukemic cells. This agent may induce gene expression and protein kinase C (PKC) activity. In addition to potential antineoplastic effects, TPA may exhibit tumor promoting activity. (NCI04) [from NCI]

MedGen UID:
21493
Concept ID:
C0039654
Hazardous or Poisonous Substance; Organic Chemical; Pharmacologic Substance
13.

Blood clotting factor

Endogenous substances, usually proteins, that are involved in the blood coagulation process. [from MeSH]

MedGen UID:
605
Concept ID:
C0005789
Amino Acid, Peptide, or Protein; Biologically Active Substance; Pharmacologic Substance
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