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Items: 1 to 20 of 22

1.

Zinc

A metallic element of atomic number 30 and atomic weight 65.38. It is a necessary trace element in the diet, forming an essential part of many enzymes, and playing an important role in protein synthesis and in cell division. Zinc deficiency is associated with ANEMIA, short stature, HYPOGONADISM, impaired WOUND HEALING, and geophagia. It is known by the symbol Zn. [from MeSH]

MedGen UID:
22752
Concept ID:
C0043481
Biologically Active Substance; Element, Ion, or Isotope; Pharmacologic Substance
2.

calcofluor white

MedGen UID:
49052
Concept ID:
C0108160
Organic Chemical; Pharmacologic Substance
3.

Caffeine

A methylxanthine alkaloid found in the seeds, nuts, or leaves of a number of plants native to South America and East Asia that is structurally related to adenosine and acts primarily as an adenosine receptor antagonist with psychotropic and anti-inflammatory activities. Upon ingestion, caffeine binds to adenosine receptors in the central nervous system (CNS), which inhibits adenosine binding. This inhibits the adenosine-mediated downregulation of CNS activity; thus, stimulating the activity of the medullary, vagal, vasomotor, and respiratory centers in the brain. This agent also promotes neurotransmitter release that further stimulates the CNS. The anti-inflammatory effects of caffeine are due the nonselective competitive inhibition of phosphodiesterases (PDEs). Inhibition of PDEs raises the intracellular concentration of cyclic AMP (cAMP), activates protein kinase A, and inhibits leukotriene synthesis, which leads to reduced inflammation and innate immunity. [from NCI]

MedGen UID:
2403
Concept ID:
C0006644
Organic Chemical; Pharmacologic Substance
4.

Amino acid

Any organic compounds containing amino (-NH2) and carboxyl (-COOH) groups. In biochemistry, used to refer to the twenty-plus L-alpha-amino acids found in proteins. [from NCI]

MedGen UID:
250
Concept ID:
C0002520
Amino Acid, Peptide, or Protein; Biologically Active Substance; Pharmacologic Substance
5.

Rapidly involuting congenital hemangioma

MedGen UID:
698687
Concept ID:
C1275421
Neoplastic Process
6.

Antifungal drugs

Substances that destroy fungi by suppressing their ability to grow or reproduce. They differ from FUNGICIDES, INDUSTRIAL because they defend against fungi present in human or animal tissues. [from MeSH]

MedGen UID:
1594
Concept ID:
C0003308
Pharmacologic Substance
7.

Seid Brand of Caffeine

MedGen UID:
304765
Concept ID:
C1451826
Organic Chemical; Pharmacologic Substance
8.

Republic Drug Brand of Caffeine

MedGen UID:
304764
Concept ID:
C1451825
Organic Chemical; Pharmacologic Substance
9.

Quick-Pep

MedGen UID:
294076
Concept ID:
C1608247
Organic Chemical; Pharmacologic Substance
10.

Antimicrobial substance

Generically, any agent that destroys microbes. However, usage of the term is increasingly being confined to agents that prevent or reduce the transmission of SEXUALLY TRANSMITTED DISEASES. [from MeSH]

MedGen UID:
209727
Concept ID:
C1136254
Pharmacologic Substance
11.

Caffedrine

MedGen UID:
152517
Concept ID:
C0722959
Organic Chemical; Pharmacologic Substance
12.

GlaxoSmithKline Brand of Caffeine

MedGen UID:
148987
Concept ID:
C0724373
Organic Chemical; Pharmacologic Substance
13.

Sequence Deletion

Deletion of sequences of nucleic acids from the genetic material of an individual. [from MeSH]

MedGen UID:
102460
Concept ID:
C0162773
Cell or Molecular Dysfunction
14.

Carbohydrate Metabolic Process

Processes concerned with the synthesis, breakdown, and oxidation of carbohydrates in the tissues. [from NCI]

MedGen UID:
86224
Concept ID:
C0302820
Molecular Function
15.

Phosphodiesterase inhibitor

Any substance that inhibits phosphodiesterase, an enzyme that catalyzes the breaking of a phosphodiester bond. Usually, this refers to cyclic nucleotide phosphodiesterase, an enzyme that breaks the phosphodiester bond in the second messenger molecules cAMP and cGMP. Inhibition of cyclic nucleotide phosphodiesterase can be used to affect vasodilation. [from NCI]

MedGen UID:
10727
Concept ID:
C0031638
Pharmacologic Substance
16.

Enzyme inhibitor

Compounds or agents that combine with an enzyme in such a manner as to prevent the normal substrate-enzyme combination and the catalytic reaction. [from MeSH]

MedGen UID:
8652
Concept ID:
C0014432
Pharmacologic Substance
17.

Alkaloid

A family or group of nitrogen-containing base compounds primarily derived from plant and animal sources. Many alkaloids are used medicinally, including cancer therapy. [from NCI]

MedGen UID:
7968
Concept ID:
C0002062
Organic Chemical; Pharmacologic Substance
18.

Fermentation

Anaerobic degradation of GLUCOSE or other organic nutrients to gain energy in the form of ATP. End products vary depending on organisms, substrates, and enzymatic pathways. Common fermentation products include ETHANOL and LACTIC ACID. [from MeSH]

MedGen UID:
5151
Concept ID:
C0015852
Molecular Function
19.

Anti-infective agent

A pharmacological agent that can kill or prevent the reproduction of infectious organisms. [from NCI]

MedGen UID:
324
Concept ID:
C0003204
Pharmacologic Substance
20.

calcofluor white M 2R

MedGen UID:
91850
Concept ID:
C0108161
Organic Chemical; Pharmacologic Substance
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