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1.

Attention deficit hyperactivity disorder

Attention deficit hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) manifests at age 2-3 years or by first grade at the latest. The main symptoms are distractibility, impulsivity, hyperactivity, and often trouble organizing tasks and projects, difficulty going to sleep, and social problems from being aggressive, loud, or impatient. [from HPO]

MedGen UID:
506017
Concept ID:
CN006126
Finding
2.

Attention deficit hyperactivity disorder

Is it hard for your child to sit still? Does your child act without thinking first? Does your child start but not finish things? If so, your child may have attention deficit hyperactivity disorder (ADHD). Nearly everyone shows some of these behaviors at times, but ADHD lasts more than 6 months and causes problems in school, at home and in social situations. ADHD is more common in boys than girls. It affects 3-5 percent of all American children. The main features of ADHD are. -Inattention. -Hyperactivity. -Impulsivity. No one knows exactly what causes ADHD. It sometimes runs in families, so genetics may be a factor. There may also be environmental factors. A complete evaluation by a trained professional is the only way to know for sure if your child has ADHD. Treatment may include medicine to control symptoms, therapy, or both. Structure at home and at school is important. Parent training may also help. NIH: National Institute of Mental Health .  [from MedlinePlus]

MedGen UID:
220387
Concept ID:
C1263846
Mental or Behavioral Dysfunction
3.

Hyperactivity

Excessive movement of muscles of the body as a whole, which may be associated with organic or psychological disorders. [from MeSH]

MedGen UID:
98406
Concept ID:
C0424295
Finding; Mental or Behavioral Dysfunction
4.

Dyslexia

A learning disorder characterized primarily by difficulties in learning to read and spell. Dyslectic children also exhibit a tendency to read words from right to left and to confuse letters such as b and d whose orientation is important for their identification. Children with dyslexia appear to be impaired in phonemic skills (the ability to associate visual symbols with the sounds they represent). [from HPO]

MedGen UID:
96906
Concept ID:
C0476254
Mental or Behavioral Dysfunction
5.

Disability

Disabilities make it harder to do normal daily activities. They may limit what you can do physically or mentally, or they can affect your senses. Disability doesn't mean unable, and it isn't a sickness. Most people with disabilities can - and do - work, play, learn, and enjoy full, healthy lives. Mobility aids and assistive devices can make daily tasks easier. About one in every five people in the United States has a disability. Some people are born with one. Others have them as a result of an illness or injury. Some people develop them as they age. Almost all of us will have a disability at some point in our lives. Department of Health and Human Services.  [from MedlinePlus]

MedGen UID:
66657
Concept ID:
C0231170
Finding
6.

Inattention

MedGen UID:
602880
Concept ID:
C0424101
Mental or Behavioral Dysfunction
7.

Symptoms

An indication that a person has a condition or disease. Some examples of symptoms are headache, fever, fatigue, nausea, vomiting, and pain. [from NCI_NCI-GLOSS]

MedGen UID:
306142
Concept ID:
C1457887
Sign or Symptom
8.

Impulsivity

An act performed without delay, reflection, voluntary direction or obvious control in response to a stimulus. [from MeSH]

MedGen UID:
43850
Concept ID:
C0021125
Individual Behavior
9.

Neurodevelopmental disorder

Neurodevelopmental disorder is a behavioural and cognitive disorder with onset during the developmental period that involve impaired or aberrant development of intellectual, motor, or social functions. [from SNOMEDCT_US]

MedGen UID:
453059
Concept ID:
C1535926
Mental or Behavioral Dysfunction
10.

Diagnosis, Psychiatric

MedGen UID:
138165
Concept ID:
C0376338
Mental or Behavioral Dysfunction
11.

Neurobehavioral Manifestations

Signs and symptoms of higher cortical dysfunction caused by organic conditions. These include certain behavioral alterations and impairments of skills involved in the acquisition, processing, and utilization of knowledge or information. [from MeSH]

MedGen UID:
105653
Concept ID:
C0525041
Sign or Symptom
12.

Attention Deficit and Disruptive Behavior Disorders

Includes two similar disorders: oppositional defiant disorder and CONDUCT DISORDERS. Symptoms occurring in children with these disorders include: defiance of authority figures, angry outbursts, and other antisocial behaviors. [from MeSH]

MedGen UID:
68635
Concept ID:
C0236964
Pathologic Function
13.

Learning Disorders

Learning disorders affect how a person understands, remembers and responds to new information. People with learning disorders may have problems. -Listening or paying attention. -Speaking. -Reading or writing. -Doing math. Although learning disorders occur in very young children, they are usually not recognized until the child reaches school age. About one-third of children who have learning disabilities also have ADHD, which makes it hard to focus. . Evaluation and testing by a trained professional can help identify a learning disorder. The next step is special education, which involves helping your child in the areas where he or she needs the most help. Sometimes tutors or speech or language therapists also work with the children. Learning disorders do not go away, but strategies to work around them can make them less of a problem. NIH: National Institute of Neurological Disorders and Stroke.  [from MedlinePlus]

MedGen UID:
44084
Concept ID:
C0023186
Mental or Behavioral Dysfunction
14.

Language impairment

A category of disorders characterized by an impairment in the development of an individual's language capabilities, which is in contrast to his/her non-verbal intellect. [from NCI]

MedGen UID:
44069
Concept ID:
C0023015
Mental or Behavioral Dysfunction
15.

Diseases in Twins

Disorders affecting TWINS, one or both, at any age. [from MeSH]

MedGen UID:
41612
Concept ID:
C0012675
Disease or Syndrome
16.

Clinical finding

clinical manifestations that can be either objective when observed by a physician, or subjective when perceived by the patient. [from CRISP]

MedGen UID:
19974
Concept ID:
C0037088
Sign or Symptom
17.

Neurologic Manifestations

Clinical signs and symptoms caused by nervous system injury or dysfunction. [from MeSH]

MedGen UID:
18017
Concept ID:
C0027854
Finding
18.

Mental disorder

Mental disorders include a wide range of problems, including. -Anxiety disorders, including panic disorder, obsessive-compulsive disorder, post-traumatic stress disorder, and phobias. -Bipolar disorder. -Depression. -Mood disorders. -Personality disorders. -Psychotic disorders, including schizophrenia. There are many causes of mental disorders. Your genes and family history may play a role. Your life experiences, such as stress or a history of abuse, may also matter. Biological factors can also be part of the cause. A traumatic brain injury can lead to a mental disorder. A mother's exposure to viruses or toxic chemicals while pregnant may play a part. Other factors may increase your risk, such as use of illegal drugs or having a serious medical condition like cancer. Medications and counseling can help many mental disorders. .  [from MedlinePlus]

MedGen UID:
14047
Concept ID:
C0004936
Mental or Behavioral Dysfunction
19.

Communication disorder

Disorders of verbal and nonverbal communication caused by receptive or expressive LANGUAGE DISORDERS, cognitive dysfunction (e.g., MENTAL RETARDATION), psychiatric conditions, and HEARING DISORDERS. [from MeSH]

MedGen UID:
3549
Concept ID:
C0009460
Mental or Behavioral Dysfunction
20.

Alexia

An acquired type of sensory aphasia where damage to the brain leads to the loss of the ability to read. [from HPO]

MedGen UID:
1809
Concept ID:
C0002018
Finding; Mental or Behavioral Dysfunction
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