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1.

Carcinoma

A malignant neoplasm made up of epithelial cells tending to infiltrate the surrounding tissues and give rise to metastases. It is a histological type of neoplasm but is often wrongly used as a synonym for "cancer." (From Dorland, 27th ed) [from MeSH]

MedGen UID:
2867
Concept ID:
C0007097
Neoplastic Process
2.

Adenocarcinoma

A common cancer characterized by the presence of malignant glandular cells. Morphologically, adenocarcinomas are classified according to the growth pattern (e.g., papillary, alveolar) or according to the secreting product (e.g., mucinous, serous). Representative examples of adenocarcinoma are ductal and lobular breast carcinoma, lung adenocarcinoma, renal cell carcinoma, hepatocellular carcinoma (hepatoma), colon adenocarcinoma, and prostate adenocarcinoma. [from NCI]

MedGen UID:
122
Concept ID:
C0001418
Neoplastic Process
3.

Carcinoma

MedGen UID:
910818
Concept ID:
CN241453
Finding
4.

Salivary Gland Carcinoma

A carcinoma that arises from the major or minor salivary glands. Representative examples include carcinoma ex pleomorphic adenoma, adenocarcinoma, adenoid cystic carcinoma, and mucoepidermoid carcinoma. [from NCI]

MedGen UID:
215302
Concept ID:
C0948750
Neoplastic Process
5.

Transversion Mutation

A relatively less common point mutation in which a purine is exchanged for a pyrimidine or a pyrimidine is exchanged for a purine. [from NCI]

MedGen UID:
108635
Concept ID:
C0599157
Cell or Molecular Dysfunction
6.

Adenosquamous Carcinoma

A carcinoma composed of malignant glandular cells and malignant squamous cells. [from NCI]

MedGen UID:
104901
Concept ID:
C0206623
Neoplastic Process
7.

Mucoepidermoid Carcinoma

A carcinoma morphologically characterized the presence of cuboidal mucous cells, goblet-like mucous cells, squamoid cells, cystic changes, and a fibrotic stromal formation. It can occur in several anatomic sites, including parotid gland, oral cavity, paranasal sinus, skin, breast, lung, larynx, and lacrimal ducts. It is classified as low or high grade. [from NCI]

MedGen UID:
61662
Concept ID:
C0206694
Neoplastic Process
8.

Ataxia-telangiectasia syndrome

Ataxia-telangiectasia (AT) is an autosomal recessive disorder characterized by cerebellar ataxia, telangiectases, immune defects, and a predisposition to malignancy. Chromosomal breakage is a feature. AT cells are abnormally sensitive to killing by ionizing radiation (IR), and abnormally resistant to inhibition of DNA synthesis by ionizing radiation. The latter trait has been used to identify complementation groups for the classic form of the disease (Jaspers et al., 1988). At least 4 of these (A, C, D, and E) map to chromosome 11q23 (Sanal et al., 1990) and are associated with mutations in the ATM gene. [from GTR]

MedGen UID:
439
Concept ID:
C0004135
Disease or Syndrome
9.

Carcinomatosis

Carcinoma that has spread diffusely to an anatomic site or throughout the body. [from NCI]

MedGen UID:
104704
Concept ID:
C0205699
Neoplastic Process
10.

Cribriform Carcinoma

A carcinoma characterized by the presence of a cribriform architectural pattern. Representative examples include the intraductal cribriform breast carcinoma and invasive cribriform breast carcinoma. [from NCI]

MedGen UID:
104694
Concept ID:
C0205643
Neoplastic Process
11.

Neoplasms, Cystic, Mucinous, and Serous

Neoplasms containing cyst-like formations or producing mucin or serum. [from MeSH]

MedGen UID:
61678
Concept ID:
C0206767
Neoplastic Process
12.

Tubular Adenocarcinoma

An infiltrating adenocarcinoma in which the malignant cells form tubular structures. Representative examples include the tubular breast carcinoma and the gastric tubular adenocarcinoma. [from NCI]

MedGen UID:
61428
Concept ID:
C0205645
Neoplastic Process
13.

Oxyphilic Adenocarcinoma

An adenocarcinoma characterized by the presence of large malignant epithelial cells with abundant granular eosinophilic cytoplasm (oncocytes). Representative examples include thyroid gland oncocytic follicular carcinoma, oncocytic breast carcinoma, and salivary gland oncocytic carcinoma. [from NCI]

MedGen UID:
61427
Concept ID:
C0205642
Neoplastic Process
14.

Neoplasms, Complex and Mixed

Neoplasms composed of more than one type of neoplastic tissue. [from MeSH]

MedGen UID:
60223
Concept ID:
C0206764
Neoplastic Process
15.

Undifferentiated Carcinoma

A usually aggressive malignant epithelial neoplasm composed of atypical cells which do not display evidence of glandular, squamous, or transitional cell differentiation. [from NCI]

MedGen UID:
60010
Concept ID:
C0205698
Neoplastic Process
16.

Sarcomatoid Carcinoma

A malignant epithelial neoplasm characterized by the presence of spindle cells and anaplastic morphologic features. Giant cells and a sarcomatous component may also be present. [from NCI]

MedGen UID:
60009
Concept ID:
C0205697
Neoplastic Process
17.

Carcinoma, anaplastic

MedGen UID:
60008
Concept ID:
C0205696
Neoplastic Process
18.

Salivary gland disease

Any abnormality of the salivary glands, the exocrine glands that produce saliva. [from HPO]

MedGen UID:
48537
Concept ID:
C0036093
Disease or Syndrome
19.

Stomatognathic Diseases

General or unspecified diseases of the stomatognathic system, comprising the mouth, teeth, jaws, and pharynx. [from MeSH]

MedGen UID:
20960
Concept ID:
C0038368
Disease or Syndrome
20.

Salivary gland neoplasm

A benign or malignant neoplasm that affects the major or minor salivary glands. Representative examples of benign neoplasms include Warthin tumor, monomorphic adenoma, and pleomorphic adenoma. Representative examples of malignant neoplasms include carcinoma, lymphoma, and sarcoma. [from NCI]

MedGen UID:
20641
Concept ID:
C0036095
Neoplastic Process
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