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1.

Desmoplastic Small Round Cell Tumor

A rare, aggressive soft tissue sarcoma that primarily affects adolescents and young adults. It is most commonly found in the abdomen. [from MeSH]

MedGen UID:
83833
Concept ID:
C0281508
Neoplastic Process
2.

Desmoplastic

This term refers to the growth of fibrous or connective tissue. Some tumors elicit a desmoplastic reaction, the pervasive growth of dense fibrous tissue around the tumor. Scar tissue (adhesion) within the abdomen after abdominal surgery is another type of desmoplastic reaction. (MedicineNet.com) [from NCI]

MedGen UID:
307421
Concept ID:
C1511789
Disease or Syndrome
3.

Error occurred: cannot get document summary

ID:
148194

4.

Diagnosis

The process of identifying a disease, such as cancer, from its signs and symptoms. [from NCI]

MedGen UID:
8354
Concept ID:
C0011900
Finding
5.

Cavity

MedGen UID:
734294
Concept ID:
C1510420
Anatomical Abnormality
6.

Wilms tumor 1

Aniridia is characterized by complete or partial iris hypoplasia usually (but not always) with associated foveal hypoplasia resulting in reduced visual acuity and nystagmus presenting in early infancy. Frequently associated ocular abnormalities (often of later onset) include cataract, glaucoma, and corneal opacification and vascularization. Aniridia may occur either as an isolated ocular abnormality without systemic involvement, caused by mutation of PAX6 or deletion of a regulatory region controlling its expression, or as part of the Wilms tumor-aniridia-genital anomalies-retardation (WAGR) syndrome, with a deletion of 11p13 involving the PAX6 (aniridia) locus and the adjacent WT1 (Wilms tumor) locus. Individuals with deletion of PAX6 and WT1 are at up to a 50% risk of developing Wilms tumor. [from GeneReviews]

MedGen UID:
447509
Concept ID:
CN033288
Disease or Syndrome
7.

Desmoid tumor, somatic

MedGen UID:
436434
Concept ID:
C2675440
Disease or Syndrome
8.

Chromosomal translocation

Any type of genetic recombination involving exchange of DNA between non-homologous chromosomes, which often occurs as the result of non-homologous end-joining of broken DNA strands. Chromosomal translocation is involved in repairing broken DNA and in maintaining cell viability at the expense of long term genomic stability. This process is is associated with particular types of leukemia, infertility and Down Syndrome. [from NCI]

MedGen UID:
21243
Concept ID:
C0040715
Cell or Molecular Dysfunction
9.

Nephroblastoma

Wilms tumor is a rare type of kidney cancer. It causes a tumor on one or both kidneys. It usually affects children, but can happen in adults. Having certain genetic conditions or birth defects can increase the risk of getting it. Children that are at risk should be screened for Wilms tumor every three months until they turn eight. Symptoms include a lump in the abdomen, blood in the urine, and a fever for no reason. Tests that examine the kidney and blood are used to find the tumor. Doctors usually diagnose and remove the tumor in surgery. Other treatments include chemotherapy and radiation and biologic therapies. Biologic therapy boosts your body's own ability to fight cancer. NIH: National Cancer Institute.  [from MedlinePlus]

MedGen UID:
10221
Concept ID:
C0027708
Neoplastic Process
10.

Elderly person

A person 65 through 79 years of age. For a person older than 79 years, AGED, 80 AND OVER is available. [from MeSH]

MedGen UID:
7927
Concept ID:
C0001792
Finding; Population Group
11.

Small Cell Carcinoma

An anaplastic, highly malignant, and usually bronchogenic carcinoma composed of small ovoid cells with scanty neoplasm. It is characterized by a dominant, deeply basophilic nucleus, and absent or indistinct nucleoli. (From Stedman, 25th ed; Holland et al., Cancer Medicine, 3d ed, p1286-7) [from MeSH]

MedGen UID:
82650
Concept ID:
C0262584
Neoplastic Process
12.

Disorder of salivary gland

Your salivary glands make saliva - sometimes called spit - and empty it into your mouth through openings called ducts. Saliva makes your food moist, which helps you chew and swallow. It helps you digest your food. It also cleans your mouth and contains antibodies that can kill germs. . Problems with salivary glands can cause the glands to become irritated and swollen. This causes symptoms such as . - Bad taste in the mouth. - Difficulty opening your mouth . - Dry mouth. - Pain in the face or mouth. - Swelling of the face or neck. Causes of salivary gland problems include infections, obstruction or cancer. Problems can also be due to other disorders, such as mumps or Sjogren's syndrome. .  [from MedlinePlus]

MedGen UID:
48537
Concept ID:
C0036093
Disease or Syndrome
13.

Stomatognathic Diseases

General or unspecified diseases of the stomatognathic system, comprising the mouth, teeth, jaws, and pharynx. [from MeSH]

MedGen UID:
20960
Concept ID:
C0038368
Disease or Syndrome
14.

Salivary gland neoplasm

A benign or malignant neoplasm that affects the major or minor salivary glands. Representative examples of benign neoplasms include Warthin tumor, monomorphic adenoma, and pleomorphic adenoma. Representative examples of malignant neoplasms include carcinoma, lymphoma, and sarcoma. [from NCI]

MedGen UID:
20641
Concept ID:
C0036095
Neoplastic Process
15.

Parotid Gland Neoplasm

Tumors or cancer of the PAROTID GLAND. [from MeSH]

MedGen UID:
18313
Concept ID:
C0030581
Neoplastic Process
16.

Parotid Diseases

Diseases involving the PAROTID GLAND. [from MeSH]

MedGen UID:
10593
Concept ID:
C0030579
Disease or Syndrome
17.

Mouth neoplasm

A tumor (abnormal growth of tissue) of the mouth. [from HPO]

MedGen UID:
7722
Concept ID:
C0026640
Neoplastic Process
18.

Head and Neck Neoplasms

A tumor (abnormal growth of tissue) of the head and neck region with origin in the lip, oral cavity, nasal cavity, paranasal sinuses, pharynx, or larynx. [from HPO]

MedGen UID:
6728
Concept ID:
C0018671
Neoplastic Process
19.

Disease of mouth

Your mouth is one of the most important parts of your body. Any problem that affects your mouth can make it hard to eat, drink or even smile. . Some common mouth problems include. -Cold sores - painful sores on the lips and around the mouth, caused by a virus. -Canker sores - painful sores in the mouth, caused by bacteria or viruses. -Thrush - a yeast infection that causes white patches in your mouth . -Leukoplakia - white patches of excess cell growth on the cheeks, gums or tongue, common in smokers. -Dry mouth - a lack of enough saliva, caused by some medicines and certain diseases. -Gum or tooth problems. -Bad breath. Treatment for mouth disorders varies, depending on the problem. Keeping a clean mouth by brushing and flossing often is important. .  [from MedlinePlus]

MedGen UID:
6448
Concept ID:
C0026636
Disease or Syndrome
20.

Carcinoma

A malignant tumor arising from epithelial cells. Carcinomas that arise from glandular epithelium are called adenocarcinomas, those that arise from squamous epithelium are called squamous cell carcinomas, and those that arise from transitional epithelium are called transitional cell carcinomas (NCI Thesaurus). [from HPO]

MedGen UID:
2867
Concept ID:
C0007097
Neoplastic Process
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