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Heart block

MedGen UID:
42363
Concept ID:
C0018794
Disease or Syndrome; Finding
Synonyms: Block, Heart; Blocks, Heart; Heart Block; Heart Blocks
SNOMED CT: Heart block (233916004); HB - Heart block (233916004)
 
HPO: HP:0012722

Definition

Impaired conduction of cardiac impulse that can occur anywhere along the conduction pathway, such as between the SINOATRIAL NODE and the right atrium (SA block) or between atria and ventricles (AV block). Heart blocks can be classified by the duration, frequency, or completeness of conduction block. Reversibility depends on the degree of structural or functional defects. [from MeSH]

Recent clinical studies

Etiology

Pisesky A, Luo ZC, Jaeggi E, Ryan G, Keunen J, Van Mieghem T
J Am Soc Echocardiogr 2021 Jan;34(1):83-88. Epub 2020 Oct 27 doi: 10.1016/j.echo.2020.09.007. PMID: 33127209
Charfeddine S, Triki S, Feki W, Ellouze T, Abid L, Hammami R, Kammoun S
Pan Afr Med J 2020;37:391. Epub 2020 Dec 31 doi: 10.11604/pamj.2020.37.391.25927. PMID: 33796204Free PMC Article
Izmirly P, Kim M, Friedman DM, Costedoat-Chalumeau N, Clancy R, Copel JA, Phoon CKL, Cuneo BF, Cohen RE, Robins K, Masson M, Wainwright BJ, Zahr N, Saxena A, Buyon JP
J Am Coll Cardiol 2020 Jul 21;76(3):292-302. doi: 10.1016/j.jacc.2020.05.045. PMID: 32674792Free PMC Article
Manolis AA, Manolis TA, Melita H, Manolis AS
Trends Cardiovasc Med 2020 Jul;30(5):275-286. Epub 2019 Jun 20 doi: 10.1016/j.tcm.2019.06.006. PMID: 31262557
Schneider AE, Wackel PL
Tex Heart Inst J 2019 Apr;46(2):136-138. Epub 2019 Apr 1 doi: 10.14503/THIJ-17-6368. PMID: 31236081Free PMC Article

Diagnosis

Ambrosi A, Thorlacius GE, Sonesson SE, Wahren-Herlenius M
Scand J Immunol 2021 Jan;93(1):e12995. doi: 10.1111/sji.12995. PMID: 33188653
Charfeddine S, Triki S, Feki W, Ellouze T, Abid L, Hammami R, Kammoun S
Pan Afr Med J 2020;37:391. Epub 2020 Dec 31 doi: 10.11604/pamj.2020.37.391.25927. PMID: 33796204Free PMC Article
Manolis AA, Manolis TA, Melita H, Manolis AS
Trends Cardiovasc Med 2020 Jul;30(5):275-286. Epub 2019 Jun 20 doi: 10.1016/j.tcm.2019.06.006. PMID: 31262557
Schneider AE, Wackel PL
Tex Heart Inst J 2019 Apr;46(2):136-138. Epub 2019 Apr 1 doi: 10.14503/THIJ-17-6368. PMID: 31236081Free PMC Article
Kurath-Koller S, Schweintzger S, Grangl G, Burmas A, Gamillscheg A, Koestenberger M
BMC Pediatr 2019 Apr 24;19(1):124. doi: 10.1186/s12887-019-1494-7. PMID: 31018851Free PMC Article

Therapy

Izmirly P, Kim M, Friedman DM, Costedoat-Chalumeau N, Clancy R, Copel JA, Phoon CKL, Cuneo BF, Cohen RE, Robins K, Masson M, Wainwright BJ, Zahr N, Saxena A, Buyon JP
J Am Coll Cardiol 2020 Jul 21;76(3):292-302. doi: 10.1016/j.jacc.2020.05.045. PMID: 32674792Free PMC Article
Alexandri M, Spaeth KR
Am J Ind Med 2020 Jul;63(7):644-648. Epub 2020 Apr 16 doi: 10.1002/ajim.23111. PMID: 32297674
Manolis AA, Manolis TA, Melita H, Manolis AS
Trends Cardiovasc Med 2020 Jul;30(5):275-286. Epub 2019 Jun 20 doi: 10.1016/j.tcm.2019.06.006. PMID: 31262557
Sonesson SE, Ambrosi A, Wahren-Herlenius M
Ultrasound Obstet Gynecol 2019 Jul;54(1):87-95. Epub 2019 Jun 7 doi: 10.1002/uog.20214. PMID: 30620419
Bolourchi M, Silver ES, Liberman L
Pediatr Cardiol 2019 Mar;40(3):513-517. Epub 2018 Oct 31 doi: 10.1007/s00246-018-2003-8. PMID: 30377753

Prognosis

Ambrosi A, Thorlacius GE, Sonesson SE, Wahren-Herlenius M
Scand J Immunol 2021 Jan;93(1):e12995. doi: 10.1111/sji.12995. PMID: 33188653
Izmirly P, Kim M, Friedman DM, Costedoat-Chalumeau N, Clancy R, Copel JA, Phoon CKL, Cuneo BF, Cohen RE, Robins K, Masson M, Wainwright BJ, Zahr N, Saxena A, Buyon JP
J Am Coll Cardiol 2020 Jul 21;76(3):292-302. doi: 10.1016/j.jacc.2020.05.045. PMID: 32674792Free PMC Article
Schneider AE, Wackel PL
Tex Heart Inst J 2019 Apr;46(2):136-138. Epub 2019 Apr 1 doi: 10.14503/THIJ-17-6368. PMID: 31236081Free PMC Article
Kurath-Koller S, Schweintzger S, Grangl G, Burmas A, Gamillscheg A, Koestenberger M
BMC Pediatr 2019 Apr 24;19(1):124. doi: 10.1186/s12887-019-1494-7. PMID: 31018851Free PMC Article
Bolourchi M, Silver ES, Liberman L
Pediatr Cardiol 2019 Mar;40(3):513-517. Epub 2018 Oct 31 doi: 10.1007/s00246-018-2003-8. PMID: 30377753

Clinical prediction guides

Pisesky A, Luo ZC, Jaeggi E, Ryan G, Keunen J, Van Mieghem T
J Am Soc Echocardiogr 2021 Jan;34(1):83-88. Epub 2020 Oct 27 doi: 10.1016/j.echo.2020.09.007. PMID: 33127209
Wainwright B, Bhan R, Trad C, Cohen R, Saxena A, Buyon J, Izmirly P
Best Pract Res Clin Obstet Gynaecol 2020 Apr;64:41-51. Epub 2019 Oct 8 doi: 10.1016/j.bpobgyn.2019.09.001. PMID: 31685414
Manolis AA, Manolis TA, Melita H, Manolis AS
Trends Cardiovasc Med 2020 Jul;30(5):275-286. Epub 2019 Jun 20 doi: 10.1016/j.tcm.2019.06.006. PMID: 31262557
Junquera L, Freitas-Ferraz AB, Padrón R, Silva I, Nunes Ferreira-Neto A, Guimaraes L, Mohammadi S, Morís C, Philippon F, Rodés-Cabau J
Catheter Cardiovasc Interv 2020 Apr 1;95(5):982-990. Epub 2019 Apr 29 doi: 10.1002/ccd.28323. PMID: 31037836
Sonesson SE, Ambrosi A, Wahren-Herlenius M
Ultrasound Obstet Gynecol 2019 Jul;54(1):87-95. Epub 2019 Jun 7 doi: 10.1002/uog.20214. PMID: 30620419

Recent systematic reviews

Hoxha A, Mattia E, Zanetti A, Carrara G, Morel N, Costedoat-Chalumeau N, Brucato AL, Ruffatti A
Clin Exp Rheumatol 2020 Jul-Aug;38(4):783-791. Epub 2020 Jun 23 PMID: 32573408
Erden A, Fanouriakis A, Kiliç L, Sari A, Armağan B, Bilgin E, Şener YZ, Hymabaccus B, Gürler F, Ceylan S, Kiraz S, Karadağ Ö, Boumpas D
Turk J Med Sci 2020 Jan 9;50(1):281-290. doi: 10.3906/sag-1910-39. PMID: 31905489Free PMC Article
Ali H, Furlanello F, Lupo P, Foresti S, De Ambroggi G, Epicoco G, Semprini L, Fundaliotis A, Cappato R
Heart Rhythm 2017 Oct;14(10):1561-1569. Epub 2017 Jun 3 doi: 10.1016/j.hrthm.2017.05.040. PMID: 28583850
Kwok CS, Rashid M, Beynon R, Barker D, Patwala A, Morley-Davies A, Satchithananda D, Nolan J, Myint PK, Buchan I, Loke YK, Mamas MA
Heart 2016 May;102(9):672-80. Epub 2016 Feb 15 doi: 10.1136/heartjnl-2015-308956. PMID: 26879241
Forrester JD, Mead P
Clin Infect Dis 2014 Oct;59(7):996-1000. Epub 2014 May 30 doi: 10.1093/cid/ciu411. PMID: 24879781

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