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Incidence of port site recurrence after laparoscopic cholecystectomy for preoperatively unsuspected gallbladder carcinoma.

Z'graggen K, et al. Surgery. 1998.

Abstract

BACKGROUND: We sought to determine the incidence of recurrence of carcinoma at the port site and the outcome of patients with such recurrences after exploratory laparoscopy/laparoscopic cholecystectomy for unsuspected gallbladder carcinoma and analyzed aspects of the laparoscopic procedure associated with recurrences at the port site.

METHODS: Thirty-seven patients with preoperatively unknown adenocarcinoma of the gallbladder were analyzed. The patients were part of a large prospective study of the Swiss Association of Laparoscopic and Thoracoscopic Surgery including 10,925 patients undergoing laparoscopic cholecystectomy.

RESULTS: Preoperatively undiagnosed adenocarcinoma of the gallbladder is rarely encountered in patients undergoing laparoscopic cholecystectomy (0.34%). The incidence of recurrence of carcinoma at the port site in these patients is 14% (5 of 37) and is similar whether the primary tumor is confined to the gallbladder (T1/T2) or locally advanced (T3/T4). The recurrences at the port site were diagnosed within 6 to 16 months (median 10 months) after the operation. Patients with an intraoperative perforation of the gallbladder had a higher incidence of recurrences at the port site (40%) than had patients without perforation (9%; P = .13). All patients with recurrences at the port site had distant metastases and all died of the disease 12 to 35 months (median 19 months) after cholecystectomy; all patients with such recurrences and stage T1/T2 tumors subsequently had peritoneal metastases.

CONCLUSIONS: Patients with a preoperatively undiagnosed adenocarcinoma of the gallbladder undergoing laparoscopy or laparoscopic cholecystectomy have a high incidence of recurrences at the port site, and the incidence increases when a gallbladder perforation occurs during the operation. All patients with such recurrences died of the disease. The diagnosis of an isolated recurrence at the port site may therefore be an indicator of disseminated disease in most cases.

PMID

9823395 [Indexed for MEDLINE]

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