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A comparison of the efficacy and safety of lymecycline and minocycline in patients with moderately severe acne vulgaris.

Randomized controlled trial
Grosshans E, et al. Eur J Dermatol. 1998 Apr-May.

Abstract

A multicentre, randomised, double-blind and double-dummy study was conducted to compare the efficacy and safety of lymecycline (n = 71) with that of minocycline (n = 73) in 144 patients with moderately severe acne vulgaris. Patients with an acne score of 1-5 on the Leeds scale received oral lymecycline, 300 mg/day for 2 weeks, then 150 mg/day for 10 weeks or oral minocycline, 100 mg/day for 2 weeks then 100 mg every other day for 10 weeks. Inflammatory, non-inflammatory and total lesion counts were determined at baseline (week 0) and after 4, 8 and 12 weeks' treatment, and global efficacy and safety assessments were made by the patient and investigator at the end of the study. Both treatments were equally effective at reducing differential lesion counts and improving acne condition and severity, with no significant differences between treatments. Inflammatory lesions were reduced by 50.6% and 52.2% with lymecycline and minocycline, respectively, and non-inflammatory lesions by 40.6% and 32.2%. Acne severity was reduced by 42.4% with lymecycline and by 47.9% with minocycline. A total of 4.3% of lymecycline recipients and 4.1% of minocycline recipients experienced treatment-related adverse events, the majority of which were mild in nature. Lymecycline was as effective as minocycline for the treatment of moderately severe acne vulgaris. Both treatments were well tolerated, although there were slightly fewer adverse gastrointestinal and dermatological effects with lymecycline.

PMID

9649660 [PubMed - indexed for MEDLINE]
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