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Expression of PD-1 and PD-Ls in Kaposi's sarcoma and regulation by oncogenic herpesvirus lytic reactivation.

Chen J, et al. Virology. 2019.


Kaposi's sarcoma-associated herpesvirus (KSHV) causes several cancers such as Kaposi's sarcoma (KS) and primary effusion lymphoma (PEL). PD-1/PD-Ls immune checkpoint molecules play important roles in cancer cell immune escape. The expression of PD-1/PD-Ls and their regulation by oncogenic viruses, in particular KSHV, remain largely undefined. Here we demonstrate strong PD-1/PD-L1/PD-L2 expression in KS tissues from a cohort of HIV + patients. We found that induction of KSHV lytic reactivation significantly upregulates PD-L1 expression on infected tumor cells, potentially through several major cellular signaling pathways and IL-1β, which may represent a novel mechanism for virus-associated tumor cell immune escape.

Copyright © 2019 Elsevier Inc. All rights reserved.


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