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Antiviral activity of HIV-1 integrase strand-transfer inhibitors against mutants with integrase resistance-associated mutations and their frequency in treatment-naïve individuals.

Margot NA, et al. J Med Virol. 2019.

Abstract

The development of resistance to human immunodeficiency virus 1 (HIV-1) integrase strand-transfer inhibitors (INSTI) has been documented; however, knowledge of the impact of pre-existing integrase (IN) mutations on INSTI resistance (INSTI-R) is still evolving. The frequency of HIV-1 IN mutations in 2177 treatment-naïve subjects was investigated, along with the INSTI susceptibility of site-directed mutant viruses containing major and minor INSTI-R mutations. Total 6 of 39 minor INSTI-R mutations (M50I, S119P/G/T/R, and E157Q) were found in >1% of IN-treatment-naïve subjects with no impact on INSTI susceptibility. When each combined with major INSTI-R mutation, M50I, S119P, and E157Q led to decreased susceptibility to elvitegravir but remained sensitive to dolutegravir and bictegravir.

© 2019 Wiley Periodicals, Inc.

PMID

31389026 [ - as supplied by publisher]