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Outcomes According to Discharge Location for Persons Who Inject Drugs Receiving Outpatient Parenteral Antimicrobial Therapy.

D'Couto HT, et al. Open Forum Infect Dis. 2018.


Background: Opioid use disorder poses a significant public health risk. Persons who inject drugs (PWID) suffer from high mortality and morbidity secondary to serious infectious diseases, often requiring prolonged courses of outpatient parenteral antibiotics. The goal of this study was to determine the outcomes of PWID discharged to home or to a skilled nursing or rehabilitation facility (SNF/rehab) with parenteral antibiotic treatment under an outpatient parenteral antimicrobial therapy (OPAT) program.

Methods: This is a retrospective observational study. The study population was identified via hospital and OPAT databases using substance use disorder diagnoses and confirmed through chart review. The study population included hospitalized PWID with injection drug use in the preceding 2 years who were discharged between 2010 and 2015 to complete at least 2 weeks of parenteral antibiotics and monitored by the OPAT program. Retrospective chart review was used to describe patient characteristics and outcomes.

Results: Fifty-two patients met inclusion criteria, 21 of whom were discharged to home and 31 were discharged to a SNF/rehab. Of the patients discharged to home, 17 (81%) completed their planned antibiotic courses without complication. Twenty (64%) patients discharged to a SNF/rehab completed the antibiotic courses without complication. Six (11%) patients had line infections, 6 (11%) had injection drug use relapse, and 12 (23%) required readmission.

Conclusions: Persons who inject drugs discharged home were not more likely to have complications than those discharged to a SNF/rehab. Home OPAT may be a safe discharge option in carefully selected patients.


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