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Higher pain level and lower functional capacity are associated with the number of altered kinematics in women with patellofemoral pain.

Ferrari D, et al. Gait Posture. 2018.

Abstract

This study investigated whether women with patellofemoral pain (PFP) present kinematic alterations in proximal, local, and distal factors simultaneously, and determined the association between the number of kinematic alterations, pain level, and functional status. A three-dimensional motion analysis system was used to analyze the peak hip adduction, peak knee flexion, and peak rearfoot eversion, addressing the proximal, local, and distal factors, respectively, in fifty women. Functional status and pain level were assessed using the anterior knee pain scale (AKPS) and a visual analogic scale. Receiver operating characteristic curves were calculated to identify participants with and without kinematic alterations and the number of them was obtained for each participant. Associations between the number of kinematic alterations, pain level, and AKPS score were determined by the Pearson correlation. Results showed that 52% of women with PFP presented at least two kinematic alterations of which 24% were local/proximal, 16% local/distal, and 12% proximal/distal. Three kinematic alterations were found in 48% of the women with PFP. A strong positive correlation was found between the number of kinematic alterations and pain (r=0.78; p<0.001). A strong negative correlation was found between the number of altered kinematics and functional status (r=-0.79; p<0.001). Findings revealed that women with PFP presented at least two kinematic alterations and a higher number of kinematic alterations was associated with higher pain levels and lower functional status. Clinicians should carefully assess movement pattern of women with PFP as it could indicate a more severe condition, which is associated with a poor prognosis.

Copyright © 2017 Elsevier B.V. All rights reserved.

PMID

28712512 [Indexed for MEDLINE]

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