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Long-term childhood outcomes of breech presentation by intended mode of delivery: a population record linkage study.

Bin YS, et al. Acta Obstet Gynecol Scand. 2017.

Abstract

INTRODUCTION: There is a lack of information on long-term outcomes by mode of delivery for term breech presentation. We aimed to compare childhood mortality, cerebral palsy, hospitalizations, developmental, and educational outcomes associated with intended vaginal breech birth (VBB) with planned cesarean section.

MATERIAL AND METHODS: Population birth and hospital records from New South Wales, Australia, were used to identify women with non-anomalous pregnancies eligible for VBB during 2001-2012. Intended mode of delivery was inferred from labor onset and management. Death, hospital, and education records were used for follow up until 2014. Cox proportional hazards regression and modified Poisson regression were used for analysis.

RESULTS: Of 15 281 women considered eligible for VBB, 7.7% intended VBB, 74.2% planned cesarean section, and intention was uncertain for 18.1%. Intended VBB did not differ from planned cesarean section on infant mortality (Fisher's exact p = 0.55), childhood mortality (Fisher's exact p = 0.50), cerebral palsy (Fisher's exact p = 1.00), hospitalization in the first year of life [adjusted hazard ratio (HR) 1.04; 95% CI 0.90-1.20], hospitalization between the first and sixth birthdays (HR 0.92; 95% CI 0.82-1.04), being developmentally vulnerable [adjusted relative risk (RR) 1.22; 95% CI 0.48-1.69] or having special needs status (RR 0.95; 95% CI 0.48-1.88) when aged 4-6, or scoring more than 1 standard deviation below the mean on tests of reading (RR 1.10; 95% CI 0.87-1.40) and numeracy (RR 1.04; 95% CI 0.81-1.34) when aged 7-9.

CONCLUSIONS: Planned VBB confers no additional risks for child health, development or educational achievement compared with planned cesarean section.

© 2016 Nordic Federation of Societies of Obstetrics and Gynecology.

PMID

28029180 [Indexed for MEDLINE]

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