Click to search

An updated review of antidepressants with marked serotonergic effects in obsessive-compulsive disorder.

Review article
Pizarro M, et al. Expert Opin Pharmacother. 2014.

Abstract

INTRODUCTION: Since the recognition of the effectiveness of clomipramine in treating obsessive-compulsive disorder (OCD), a number of recent empirical studies have confirmed a key role of the serotonergic (5-HT) system in the pathophysiology of OCD. The current study presents a review of the existing double-blind studies testing 5-HT antidepressants in OCD.

AREAS COVERED: A systematic review was performed to identify double-blind, placebo-controlled, randomized clinical trials investigating the efficacy of antidepressants with marked 5-HT effects [clomipramine, selective serotonin reuptake inhibitors (SSRIs), venlafaxine, desvenlafaxine, duloxetine, mirtazapine, agomelatine, vortioxetine and vilazodone] in the short-term treatment of OCD. The search provided 29 studies investigating eight different 5-HT antidepressants. While the findings show reliable efficacy of clomipramine and SSRIs in the treatment of OCD symptoms, no double-blind studies were identified investigating the efficacy of desvenlafaxine, duloxetine, mirtazapine, agomelatine, vortioxetine or vilazodone.

EXPERT OPINION: While our results support the effectiveness of older antidepressants with marked 5-HT effects in OCD, it also suggests that newer agents should be tested more comprehensively.

PMID

24766145 [Indexed for MEDLINE]

Full text