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Systematic literature review of templates for reporting prehospital major incident medical management.

Fattah S, et al. BMJ Open. 2013.

Abstract

OBJECTIVE: To identify and describe the content of templates for reporting prehospital major incident medical management.

DESIGN: Systematic literature review according to PRISMA guidelines.

DATA SOURCES: PubMed/MEDLINE, EMBASE, CINAHL, Scopus and Web of Knowledge. Grey literature was also searched.

ELIGIBILITY CRITERIA FOR SELECTED STUDIES: Templates published after 1 January 1990 and up to 19 March 2012. Non-English language literature, except Scandinavian; literature without an available abstract; and literature reporting only psychological aspects were excluded.

RESULTS: The main database search identified 8497 articles, among which 8389 were excluded based on title and abstract. An additional 96 were excluded based on the full-text. The remaining 12 articles were included in the analysis. A total of 107 articles were identified in the grey literature and excluded. The reference lists for the included articles identified five additional articles. A relevant article published after completing the search was also included. In the 18 articles included in the study, 10 different templates or sets of data are described: 2 methodologies for assessing major incident responses, 3 templates intended for reporting from exercises, 2 guidelines for reporting in medical journals, 2 analyses of previous disasters and 1 Utstein-style template.

CONCLUSIONS: More than one template exists for generating reports. The limitations of the existing templates involve internal and external validity, and none of them have been tested for feasibility in real-life incidents.

TRIAL REGISTRATION: The review is registered in PROSPERO (registration number: CRD42012002051).

PMID

23906946 [PubMed]

PMCID

PMC3733314

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