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Species differences of organic anion transporters involved in the renal uptake of 4-amino-3-chlorophenyl hydrogen sulfate, a metabolite of resatorvid, between rats and dogs.

Takeuchi T, et al. Biopharm Drug Dispos. 2013.

Abstract

Previous studies on the metabolic fate of resatorvid (TAK-242) have shown that species differences in the pharmacokinetics of 4-amino-3-chlorophenyl hydrogen sulfate (M-III), a metabolite of TAK-242, between rats and dogs are mainly attributable to the urinary excretion process. In the present study, the renal uptake mechanism of M-III was investigated using kidney slices and Xenopus laevis oocytes expressing rat organic anion transporter 1 (rOat1; Slc22a6) and rOat3 (Slc22a8). The uptake of p-aminohippuric acid (PAH), a substrate for Oats, by kidney slices from rats and dogs increased at 37 °C and M-III inhibited the uptake. The initial uptake clearance of M-III by rat kidney slices was 0.295 and 0.0114 ml/min/g at 37 °C and 4 °C, respectively. The Eadie-Hofstee plot of M-III uptake at 37 °C revealed two-component transport processes with K(m) values being 6.48 and 724 µmol/l. The uptake was inhibited by probenecid (PBC), PAH and benzylpenicillin (PCG). In contrast, in dog kidney slices, the initial uptake clearance of M-III was 8.70 × 10(-3) and 9.00 × 10(-3) ml/min/g at 37 °C and 4 °C, respectively, and the uptake was not inhibited by PBC. Furthermore, rOat1- and rOat3-expressing oocytes mediated M-III uptake and the uptake was inhibited by PAH and PCG, respectively. These results suggest that rOat1 and rOat3 are responsible for the renal uptake of M-III in rats. Moreover, it is speculated that Oat(s) is unable to transport M-III in dogs and that the difference in the substrate recognition of Oat(s) contributes to the species difference in the pharmacokinetics of M-III between rats and dogs.

Copyright © 2013 John Wiley & Sons, Ltd.

PMID

23529922 [PubMed - indexed for MEDLINE]

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