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The changes of pro-opiomelanocortin neurons in type 2 diabetes mellitus rats after ileal transposition: the role of POMC neurons.

Chen W, et al. J Gastrointest Surg. 2011.

Abstract

BACKGROUND: Ileal transposition (IT) can effectively resolve obesity and improve type 2 diabetes. IT is associated with increased glucagon-like peptide 1 secretion. The mechanisms mediating the effects of IT on obesity and diabetes remain undefined. Given the role of pro-opiomelanocortin neurons in energy balance, we sought to determine its potential role in these processes.

METHODS: Twenty non-obese diabetic Goto-Kakizaki rats underwent either IT or sham operation. Various measures including food intake, body weight, fasting plasma glucose, glucagon-like peptide 1 level, activated pro-opiomelanocortin neuron number, and pro-opiomelanocortin mRNA expression were evaluated.

RESULTS: The IT group demonstrated significantly improved plasma glucose homeostasis with increased glucagon-like peptide 1 secretion. The IT group ate less and demonstrated reduced body weight gain over time. These effects were also associated with increased central neuronal activity with increased pro-opiomelanocortin and derivative gene expression in the hypothalamus and increased protein expression in the pituitary gland.

CONCLUSIONS: More pro-opiomelanocortin neurons in the hypothalamus of diabetes rats were activated after ileal transposition. These data suggest a potential important role for pro-opiomelanocortin neurons in the resolution of diabetes after IT.

PMID

21717281 [PubMed - indexed for MEDLINE]

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