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Prediction of drainage effectiveness during endoscopic stenting of malignant hilar strictures: the role of liver volume assessment.

Vienne A, et al. Gastrointest Endosc. 2010.


BACKGROUND: The optimal endoscopic approach to the drainage of malignant hilar strictures remains controversial, especially with regard to the extent of desirable drainage and unilateral or bilateral stenting.

OBJECTIVE: To identify useful criteria for predicting successful endoscopic drainage.

DESIGN AND SETTING: Retrospective 2-center study in the greater Paris area in France.

PATIENTS: A total of 107 patients who had undergone endoscopic stenting for hilar tumors Bismuth type II, III, or IV and a set of contemporaneous cross-sectional imaging data available.

INTERVENTIONS: The relative volumetry of the 3 main hepatic sectors (left, right anterior, and right posterior) was assessed on CT scans. The liver volume drained was estimated and classified into 1 of 3 classes: less than 30%, 30% to 50%, and more than 50% of the total liver volume.

MAIN OUTCOME MEASUREMENTS: The primary outcome was effective drainage, defined as a decrease in the bilirubin level of more than 50% at 30 days after drainage. Secondary outcomes were early cholangitis rate and survival.

RESULTS: The main factor associated with drainage effectiveness was a liver volume drained of more than 50% (odds ratio 4.5, P = .001), especially in Bismuth III strictures. Intubating an atrophic sector (<30%) was useless and increased the risk of cholangitis (odds ratio 3.04, P = .01). A drainage > 50% was associated with a longer median survival (119 vs 59 days, P = .005).

LIMITATIONS: Heterogeneous population and volume assessment methodology to improve in further prospective studies.

CONCLUSION: Draining more than 50% of the liver volume, which frequently requires bilateral stent placement, seems to be an important predictor of drainage effectiveness in malignant, especially Bismuth III, hilar strictures. A pre-ERCP assessment of hepatic volume distribution on cross-sectional imaging may optimize endoscopic procedures.

Copyright © 2010 American Society for Gastrointestinal Endoscopy. Published by Mosby, Inc. All rights reserved.


20883850 [Indexed for MEDLINE]

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