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Clinical- and imaging-based prediction of stroke risk after transient ischemic attack: the CIP model.

Ay H, et al. Stroke. 2009.

Abstract

BACKGROUND AND PURPOSE: Predictive instruments based on clinical features for early stroke risk after transient ischemic attack suffer from limited specificity. We sought to combine imaging and clinical features to improve predictions for 7-day stroke risk after transient ischemic attack.

METHODS: We studied 601 consecutive patients with transient ischemic attack who had MRI within 24 hours of symptom onset. A logistic regression model was developed using stroke within 7 days as the response criterion and diffusion-weighted imaging findings and dichotomized ABCD(2) score (ABCD(2) >/=4) as covariates.

RESULTS: Subsequent stroke occurred in 25 patients (5.2%). Dichotomized ABCD(2) score and acute infarct on diffusion-weighted imaging were each independent predictors of stroke risk. The 7-day risk was 0.0% with no predictor, 2.0% with ABCD(2) score >/=4 alone, 4.9% with acute infarct on diffusion-weighted imaging alone, and 14.9% with both predictors (an automated calculator is available at http://cip.martinos.org). Adding imaging increased the area under the receiver operating characteristic curve from 0.66 (95% CI, 0.57 to 0.76) using the ABCD(2) score to 0.81 (95% CI, 0.74 to 0.88; P=0.003). The sensitivity of 80% on the receiver operating characteristic curve corresponded to a specificity of 73% for the CIP model and 47% for the ABCD(2) score.

CONCLUSIONS: Combining acute imaging findings with clinical transient ischemic attack features causes a dramatic boost in the accuracy of predictions with clinical features alone for early risk of stroke after transient ischemic attack. If validated in relevant clinical settings, risk stratification by the CIP model may assist in early implementation of therapeutic measures and effective use of hospital resources.

PMID

18948609 [Indexed for MEDLINE]

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