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Adiponectin receptors: expression in Zucker diabetic rats and effects of fenofibrate and metformin.

Metais C, et al. Metabolism. 2008.


The insulin-sensitizing adipokine, adiponectin, acts through 2 receptors, AdipoR1 and AdipoR2. A decreased expression of these receptors could contribute to insulin resistance and diabetes. We determined if the expression of adiponectin receptors is decreased in an experimental model, the Zucker diabetic rat (ZDF), and if a peroxisome proliferator-activated receptor alpha agonist, fenofibrate, and metformin could increase these expressions. The ZDF and control (L) rats were studied at 7, 14, and 21 weeks. After initial study at 7 weeks, ZDF received no treatment (n = 10), metformin (n = 10), or fenofibrate (n = 10) until final studies at 14 or 21 weeks. The L rats received no treatment. AdipoR1 and R2 expressions were measured in liver, muscle, and white adipose tissue (WAT). As expected, ZDF rats were insulin resistant at 7 weeks, had type 2 diabetes mellitus at 14 weeks, and had diabetes with insulin deficiency at 21 weeks. Compared with L rats, AdipoRs messenger RNA was decreased only in the WAT (P < .05) of 7-week-old ZDF rats, but was unchanged in muscle and increased in liver. Metformin and fenofibrate decreased plasma triacylglycerols (P < .01) as expected. The only effect of fenofibrate on AdipoRs was a moderate increase (P < .01) of both receptors' messenger RNA in liver. Metformin increased AdipoR1 and R2 expression in muscle (P < .01) and AdipoR1 (P < .01) in WAT. These results do not support an important role for decreased AdipoRs expression in the development of insulin resistance and diabetes. Parts of the actions of fenofibrate and of metformin could be mediated by a stimulation of the expression of these receptors in liver and in insulin-sensitive, glucose-utilizing tissues (muscle, WAT), respectively.


18555836 [PubMed - indexed for MEDLINE]

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