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Exogenous carbohydrate oxidation from maltose and glucose ingested during prolonged exercise.

Hawley JA, et al. Eur J Appl Physiol Occup Physiol. 1992.


Intestinal perfusion studies have shown that glucose absorption from maltose occurs faster than from isocaloric glucose. To determine whether ingested maltose might be a superior source of carbohydrate (CHO) for endurance athletes, we compared the rates of gastric emptying, absorption and oxidation of 15 g.100 ml-1 solutions of maltose and glucose. Six endurance-trained cyclists drank 1200 ml of either U-14C maltose or U-14C glucose as a 400-ml loading bolus immediately before exercise, and as 8 x 100-ml drinks at 10-min intervals during a 90-min ride at 70% of maximal oxygen consumption. The rates of gastric emptying [maltose 690 (SD 119) ml.90 min-1; glucose 655 (SD 93) ml.90 min-1], the appearance of U-14C label in the plasma, and the peak rates of exogenous CHO oxidation [maltose 1.0 (SD 0.09) g.min-1; glucose 0.9 (SD 0.09) g.min-1] were not significantly different. Further, the 51 (SD 8) g of maltose and the 49 (SD 9) g of glucose oxidised during exercise were similar. Each accounted for approximately 20% of the total CHO oxidised during the 90 min of exercise. Since only half of the CHO delivered to the intestine was oxidised in the 90-min ride (maltose 49%; glucose 50%), we conclude that neither the rate of gastric emptying, nor digestion limited the rate of ingested CHO utilisation during the early stages of exercise.(ABSTRACT TRUNCATED AT 250 WORDS)


1618190 [PubMed - indexed for MEDLINE]