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Risk factors for an adverse outcome in early invasive colorectal carcinoma.

Ueno H, et al. Gastroenterology. 2004.

Abstract

BACKGROUND & AIMS: Various histologic findings exist for managing patients with malignant polyps. Our goal was to determine the criteria for a conservative approach to patients with locally excised early invasive carcinoma.

METHODS: In 292 early invasive tumors (local resection followed by laparotomy [80 tumors, group A], local resection only [41 tumors, group B], and primarily laparotomy [171 tumors, group C], potential parameters for nodal involvement were analyzed. The status of the endoscopic resection margin also was examined for the risk for intramural residual tumor.

RESULTS: Unfavorable tumor grade, definite vascular invasion, and tumor budding were the combination of qualitative factors that most effectively discriminated the risk for nodal involvement in patients in groups A-C. The nodal involvement rate was 0.7%, 20.7%, and 36.4% in the no-risk, single-risk, and multiple-risks group, respectively. Thirty-two and 9 patients from group B were assigned to the no-risk and one-risk group, respectively; extramural recurrence occurred in 2 patients with risk factors. Considering quantitative risk parameters for submucosal invasion (i.e., width > or =4000 microm or depth > or =2000 microm), nodal involvement (including micrometastases) was not observed in the redefined no-risk group that accounted for about 25% of the patients from groups A and C. An insufficiency of endoscopic resection could be evaluated most precisely based on the coagulation-involving tumor, rather than the 1-mm rule for the resection margin.

CONCLUSIONS: Provided that the criterion of sufficient excision is satisfied, the absence of an unfavorable tumor grade, vascular invasion, tumor budding, and extensive submucosal invasion would be the strict criteria for a wait-and-see policy.

PMID

15300569 [Indexed for MEDLINE]

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