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Action of EGF and PGE2 on basolateral organic anion uptake in rabbit proximal renal tubules and hOAT1 expressed in human kidney epithelial cells.

Sauvant C, et al. Am J Physiol Renal Physiol. 2004.


We recently showed that, in a proximal tubule cell line (opossum kidney cells), epithelial growth factor (EGF) stimulates basolateral organic anion transport (OAT) via ERK1/2, arachidonic acid, phospholipase A2, and generation of prostaglandins. PGE2 binds the prostanoid receptor and, thus, activates adenylate cyclase and PKA, which stimulate basolateral organic anion uptake. In the present study, we investigated whether this regulatory cascade is also true 1) for ex vivo conditions in isolated renal proximal (S2) tubules from rabbit and 2) in a human renal epithelial cell line stably expressing human OAT1 (IHKE-hOAT1). EGF activated ERK1/2 in S2 tubules and IHKE-hOAT1, and, in both cases, inhibition of ERK activation (by U-0126) abolished this stimulation. In S2 tubules and IHKE-hOAT1, EGF led to an increase of organic anion uptake, which again was inhibited by U-0126. PGE2 stimulated basolateral organic anion uptake in rabbit S2 tubules and IHKE-hOAT1. EGF- and PGE2-mediated stimulation of organic anion uptake was abolished by inhibition of PKA in rabbit S2 tubules and IHKE-hOAT1, respectively. We conclude that 1) stimulation of basolateral organic anion uptake by EGF or PGE2 is a widespread (if not general) regulatory mechanism, 2) the signal transduction pathway involved seems to be general, 3) stimulation of basolateral organic anion uptake by EGF or PGE2 is also present under ex vivo conditions and, thus, is not a cell culture artifact, 4) activation of OAT1 is sufficient to explain the stimulatory effects of EGF and PGE2 in opossum kidney cells and rabbit S2 segments, and 5) stimulation of basolateral OAT1 by EGF or PGE2 is also important in humans and, thus, may have clinical implications.


14644751 [PubMed - indexed for MEDLINE]

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