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Cycle-specific and cumulative fecundity in patients with endometriosis who are undergoing controlled ovarian hyperstimulation-intrauterine insemination or in vitro fertilization-embryo transfer.

Dmowski WP, et al. Fertil Steril. 2002.


OBJECTIVE: To compare controlled ovarian hyperstimulation-intrauterine insemination (COH-IUI) or IVF-ET pregnancy rates per cycle (PR) and cycle and cumulative fecundity (f and cf) with COH-IUI or IVF-ET in endometriosis.

DESIGN: Retrospective analysis.

SETTING: Endometriosis research institute.

PATIENT(S): Women with endometriosis and infertility (n = 313) who underwent consecutive COH-IUI (202 patients, 648 cycles), IVF-ET (111 patients, 139 cycles), or IVF-ET after failed COH-IUI (56 patients, 68 cycles).


MAIN OUTCOME MEASURE(S): Crude PR and life table-estimated f and cf.

RESULT(S): With COH-IUI, 69 patients conceived; 65 conceived with IVF-ET; and 30 conceived with IVF-ET after COH-IUI (PR 11%, 47%, and 44%). With COH-IUI, six-cycle cf was 41%, and f for cycles 1-6 was 15%, 12%, 8%, 7%, 7%, and 0. With IVF-ET, three-cycle cf was 73%, whereas f for cycles 1-3 was 47%, 27%, and 33%. First-cycle f with IVF-ET was significantly higher than cf of six COH-IUI cycles. When the data were stratified according to the stage of endometriosis and women's age, the benefit of IVF over COH was even more pronounced. Prior COH-IUI failure did not adversely affect IVF-ET outcome.

CONCLUSION(S): In endometriosis, PR, f, and cf are significantly higher with IVF-ET than COH-IUI, especially in stage IV and in women >38 years of age. Considering adverse effects of prolonged ovarian stimulation on endometriosis, IVF-ET should be the first-line approach in the management of infertility in this disease. If COH-IUI is attempted, it should not exceed three to four cycles.


12372451 [Indexed for MEDLINE]

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