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Creatine supplementation alters insulin secretion and glucose homeostasis in vivo.

Rooney K, et al. Metabolism. 2002.

Abstract

Dietary creatine supplementation has been used to improve skeletal muscle performance. However, dietary creatine manipulation also affects glucose homeostasis. The aim of this study was to investigate the effect of dietary creatine supplementation on insulin secretion, glucose tolerance, and quadriceps glycogen metabolism in chow-fed rats. Forty-eight rats in total were divided into 2 groups of 24 and were then subdivided into 6 groups of 8. Rats were fed a diet supplemented with 0% (CON) or 2% (CREAT) creatine for 2, 4, or 8 weeks. At these 3 time points an oral glucose tolerance test was performed. Two days later, rats were euthanized and the pancreas and quadriceps muscles were collected. The peak insulin response to a glucose challenge was significantly elevated after both 4 (CON 327 +/- 72 v CREAT 735 +/- 140 pmol/L, P =.01) and 8 (CON 248 +/- 48 v CREAT 588 +/- 136 pmol/L, P =.02) weeks. Fasting insulin levels were also increased by creatine supplementation for 8 weeks (CON 78 +/- 14 v CREAT 139 +/- 14 pmol/L, P =.01). Glucose tolerance was not affected until 8 weeks at which point the peak plasma glucose was elevated in the creatine supplemented group (CON 10.1 +/- 0.6 v CREAT 13.5 +/- 1.5 mmol/L, P =.05). A significant increase in pancreatic total creatine content was seen in supplemented animals at 2 (CON 1.2 +/- 0.1 v CREAT 2.7 +/- 0.1 micromol/g wet wt, P =.005), 4 (CON 1.5 +/- 0.2 v CREAT 2.7 +/- 0.3 micromol/g wet wt, P =.02) and 8 (CON 1.5 +/- 0.1 v CREAT 2.6 +/- 0.1 micromol/g wet wt, P =.005) weeks, whereas no change in quadriceps total creatine or glycogen content was observed at any individual time point. This study shows that prolonged creatine supplementation induces abnormalities in pancreatic insulin secretion and changes in glucose homeostasis.

Copyright 2002, Elsevier Science (USA). All rights reserved.

PMID

11912564 [Indexed for MEDLINE]

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