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Journal of Neurosurgical Anesthesiology

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Neonatal Sevoflurane Exposure Induces Adulthood Fear-Induced Learning Disability and Decreases Glutamatergic Neurons in the Basolateral Amygdala
M Satomoto et al. J Neurosurg Anesthesiol 30 (1), 59-64.
Decreased neural activation in the basolateral amygdala may be associated with reduced freezing time in neonatal sevoflurane-exposed mice. Fewer glutamatergic neurons responding to fear stimuli in the basolateral amygdala may contribute to decreased neural activation and learning deficits in mice ex ...
Hemodynamic Disturbances in the Early Phase After Subarachnoid Hemorrhage: Regional Cerebral Blood Flow Studied by Bedside Xenon-Enhanced CT
H Engquist et al. J Neurosurg Anesthesiol 30 (1), 49-58.
CBF disturbances are common in the early phase after SAH. In many patients, CBF was heterogenic and substantial areas with low rCBF were detected. Age and CT Fisher grade were factors influencing global cortical CBF. Bedside XeCT may be a tool to identify patients at risk of deteriorating so they ca ...
Innovations in Functional Neurosurgery and Anesthetic Implications
LK Dunn et al. J Neurosurg Anesthesiol 30 (1), 18-25.
Functional neurosurgery has undergone rapid growth over the last few years fueled by advances in imaging technology and novel treatment modalities. These advances have led to new surgical treatments using minimally invasive and precise techniques for conditions such as Parkinson's disease, essential ...
Airway Management With a Stereotactic Headframe in Situ-A Mannequin Study
M Brockerville et al. J Neurosurg Anesthesiol 30 (1), 44-48.
Our study showed that both laryngeal mask insertion and tracheal intubation can be performed with a stereotactic headframe in situ. A laryngeal mask is the quickest airway device to insert and can be inserted while the mannequin is in the standard surgical position. Further study is needed to valida ...
Trends and Outcomes of Early Versus Late Percutaneous Endoscopic Gastrostomy Placement in Patients With Traumatic Brain Injury: Nationwide Population-Based Study
R Chaudhry et al. J Neurosurg Anesthesiol 30 (3), 251-257.
The results of this study suggest that if a PEG placement is indicated for a TBI patient, a standard (7 to 14 d) timing may be associated with better patient outcomes. However, secondary to limitations associated with the use of administrative databases, further prospective studies are needed to est ...
Perioperative Care for Pediatric Patients With Penetrating Brain Injury: A Review
M Mikhael et al. J Neurosurg Anesthesiol.
Traumatic brain injury (TBI) continues to be the leading cause of death and acquired disability in young children and adolescents, due to blunt or penetrating trauma, the latter being less common but more lethal. Penetrating brain injury (PBI) has not been studied extensively, mainly reported as cas ...
General Anesthesia and Young Brain: What Is New?
V Jevtovic-Todorovic et al. J Neurosurg Anesthesiol 30 (3), 217-222.
Considering that growing population of very young children is exposed to general anesthesia every year, it is of utmost importance to understand how and whether such practice may affect the development and growth of their very immature and vulnerable brains. Compelling evidence from animal studies s ...
Injury and Liability Associated With Spine Surgery
R Kutteruf et al. J Neurosurg Anesthesiol 30 (2), 156-162.
Anesthesia claims related to spine surgery were associated with severe permanent disability primarily from nerve and eye injuries. Prone positioning and surgical duration of ≥4 hours were associated with permanent disabling injuries. Attention to positioning, resuscitation during blood loss, and red ...
A Narrative Review of Adherence to Subarachnoid Hemorrhage Guidelines
P Gritti et al. J Neurosurg Anesthesiol 30 (3), 203-216.
Over the past 2 decades, a large number of guidelines for aneurysmal subarachnoid hemorrhage (aSAH) management have been proposed. The primary aim of these "evidence-based" guidelines is to improve the care of aSAH patients by summarizing and making current knowledge readily available to clinicians. ...
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