[Wormbase] hum-2 is orthologous to the human gene MYOSIN HEAVY CHAIN 12 (MYO5A; OMIM:160777), which when mutated leads to disease.
Wormbase predicts 5 models, but Caenorhabditis elegans cDNA sequences in GenBank, dbEST, Trace and SRA, filtered against clone rearrangements, coaligned on the genome and clustered in a minimal non-redundant way by the manually supervised AceView program, support at least 10 spliced variants
AceView synopsis, each blue text links to tables and details
According to AceView, this gene is expressed at very high level
, 6.0 times the average gene in this release, mostly from L1 larvae to adult [Kohara cDNAs]. The expression profile for the gene, derived from the proportion of animals at each stage in each Kohara library is: embryos 3%, L1 or L2 larvae 35%, L3 to adult 61%. See the in situ hybridization pattern in Kohara NextDB
. The sequence
of this gene is defined by 33 cDNA clones
and 46 elements defined by RNA-seq, some from mixed (seen 12 times), l2 (9), l1 (6), embryo (once). We annotate structural defects or features
in 2 cDNA clones.
Alternative mRNA variants and regulation:
The gene contains 21 distinct introns
(20 gt-ag, 1 gc-ag). Transcription produces at least 11 different mRNAs
, 10 alternatively spliced variants and 1 unspliced form. Variant d is transpliced to SL1, e to SL1', f to SL1, SL2, SL3, SL4, SL6, g to SL1, k to SL1. There are 5 probable alternative promotors
, 3 non overlapping alternative last exons and 7 validated alternative polyadenylation sites
(see the diagram
). The mRNAs appear to differ by truncation of the 5' end, truncation of the 3' end, presence or absence of a cassette exon
, overlapping exons with different boundaries, splicing versus retention of one intron.
Note that mRNA .h was found in vivo
, although it is a predicted target of nonsense mediated mRNA decay
Efficacy of translation may be reduced by the presence of a shorter translated product (uORF
) initiating at an AUG upstream of the main open reading frame (in variant e).
There are 2 articles
specifically referring to this gene in PubMed. In addition we point below
to 3 abstracts. Proteins are expected to have molecular functions
(ATP binding activity, motor activity) and to localize
in myosin. These proteins appear to interact
with another protein (1O383).
Protein coding potential:
9 spliced mRNAs putatively encode good proteins
, altogether 9 different isoforms (5 complete, 3 COOH complete, 1 partial
), some containing domains
Dilute, IQ calmodulin-binding region, Myosin head, motor region [Pfam], a coiled coil stretch [Psort2]
. The remaining 2 mRNA variants (1 spliced, 1 unspliced; 2 partial) appear not to encode good proteins.
Please quote: AceView: a comprehensive cDNA-supported gene and transcripts annotation, Genome Biology 2006, 7(Suppl 1):S12
Map on chromosome V, links to other databases and other names
This gene hum-2 maps on chomosome V at position +1.89 (interpolated). In AceView, it covers 13.93 kb
, from 9386127 to 9400051 (WS190), on the direct strand.
Links to: WormBase
The gene is also known in Wormgenes/AceView by its positional name 5J879, in Wormbase by its cosmid.number name F36D4.3, in NextDB, the Nematode expression pattern database, as CEYK190.
Closest AceView homologs in other species
The closest human genes
, according to BlastP, are the AceView genes MYO5BandACAA2
The closest mouse genes
, according to BlastP, are the AceView genes Myo5b
The closest A.thaliana genes
, according to BlastP, are the AceView genes MYA1
Alternative mRNAs are shown aligned from 5' to 3' on a virtual genome where introns have been shrunk to a minimal length. Exon size is proportional to length, intron height reflects the number of cDNAs supporting each intron, the small numbers show the support of the introns in deep sequencing (with details in mouse-over) . Introns of the same color are identical, of different colors are different. 'Good proteins' are pink, partial or not-good proteins are yellow, uORFs are green. 5' cap or3' poly A flags show completeness of the transcript.
Mouse over the ending of each transcript gives tissues from which the supporting cDNAs were extracted. Details on tissue of origin for each intron and exon is available from the intron and exons table
Click on any transcript to open the specific mRNA page, to see the exact cDNA clone support and eventual SNPs and to get details on tissues, sequences, mRNA and protein annotations. Proteins supported by a single continuous cDNA sequence lead to underlining the name/ending of the variant. Names not underlined result from cDNA concatenation in the coding region and should be experimentally checked.
are depicted by broken lines; the height of the top of each intron reflects the relative number of clones supporting this intron. ]^[ A pink broken line
denotes an intron with standard boundaries (gt-ag or gc-ag) that is exactly supported (i.e. a cDNA sequence exactly matches the genome over 16 bp, 8 on both sides of the intron). ] ^ ] A blue broken line
denotes non-standard introns, exactly supported, but with non-standard at-ac or any other boundaries. ]-[ Pink
and ] - ] blue
straight lines represent 'fuzzy' introns of the standard and non-standard types respectively, those introns do not follow the 16 bp rule. Black straight lines ]-[denote gaps in the alignments.
Wide filled pink areas represent putative protein coding regions, narrow empty pink boxes represent the 5'UTR (on the left) and 3' UTR (on the right). Flags identify validated endings: cap site on the 5' side, polyadenylation site on the 3' side. Filled flags correspond to frequent events while empty flags have lesser supporting cDNAs (yet all are validated); at the 3' side, black flags are associated to the main AATAAA signal, blue flags
to any single letter variant of the main . More explanations are given in the gene help file