[Wormbase] bli-4 encodes a variety of related subtilases (serine endoproteases of the KEX2/subtilisin class), with shared N-termini but varying C-termini, that are collectively required both for larval viability and for stable adhesion of the adult cuticle.
Wormbase predicts 6 models, but Caenorhabditis elegans cDNA sequences in GenBank, dbEST, Trace and SRA, filtered against clone rearrangements, coaligned on the genome and clustered in a minimal non-redundant way by the manually supervised AceView program, support at least 17 spliced variants
AceView synopsis, each blue text links to tables and details
According to AceView, this gene is expressed at very high level
, 8.9 times the average gene in this release, at all stages of development [Kohara cDNAs]. The expression profile for the gene, derived from the proportion of animals at each stage in each Kohara library is: embryos 12%, L1 or L2 larvae 10%, L3 to adult 77%. See the in situ hybridization pattern in Kohara NextDB
. The sequence
of this gene is defined by 57 cDNA clones
and 60 elements defined by RNA-seq, some from mixed (seen 19 times), embryo (8), l4 (6), l1 (4), l2 (once). We annotate structural defects or features
in 2 cDNA clones.
Alternative mRNA variants and regulation:
The gene contains 36 distinct gt-ag introns
. Transcription produces at least 18 different mRNAs
, 17 alternatively spliced variants and 1 unspliced form. Variant a is transpliced to SL1, d to SL1. There are 5 probable alternative promotors
, 8 non overlapping alternative last exons and 18 validated alternative polyadenylation sites
(see the diagram
). The mRNAs appear to differ by truncation of the 5' end, truncation of the 3' end, presence or absence of 11 cassette exons
, overlapping exons with different boundaries. 549 bp of this gene are antisense to spliced gene mut-2
, raising the possibility of regulated alternate expression.
There are 11 articles
specifically referring to this gene in PubMed. In addition we point below
to 42 abstracts. This essential gene is associated to a phenotype
(BLIstered cuticle, DumPY : shorter than wild-type, LEThal, MoLT defect, embryonic and early larval arrest). Functionally, the gene has been proposed to participate in processes
(cuticle formation, cuticle structure, proteolysis and peptidolysis). Proteins are expected to have molecular function
(serine-type endopeptidase activity) and to localize
in various compartments (extracellular space, membrane). These proteins appear to interact
with another protein (CDF-3). The gene interacts
with 3 other genes (BLI-1, DPY-9, DPY-18).
Protein coding potential:
14 spliced mRNAs putatively encode good proteins
, altogether 14 different isoforms (5 complete, 7 COOH complete, 2 partial
), some containing domains
Peptidase S8 and S53, subtilisin, kexin, sedolisin, Proprotein convertase, P, ubiquitin interacting motif [Pfam], a coiled coil stretch [Psort2]
; 2 of the 5 complete proteins appear to be secreted
. The remaining 4 mRNA variants (3 spliced, 1 unspliced; 3 partial) appear not to encode good proteins.
Please quote: AceView: a comprehensive cDNA-supported gene and transcripts annotation, Genome Biology 2006, 7(Suppl 1):S12
Map on chromosome I, links to other databases and other names
This essential gene bli-4 maps on chomosome I at position +0.99 (interpolated). In AceView, it covers 15.59 kb
, from 6341311 to 6356899 (WS190), on the direct strand.
Links to: WormBase
as Other names:
The gene is also known kpc-4, let-77, in Wormgenes/AceView by its positional name 1G931, in Wormbase by its cosmid.number name K04F10.4, in NextDB, the Nematode expression pattern database, as CEYK849.
Closest AceView homologs in other species
The closest human genes
, according to BlastP, are the AceView genes FURIN
The closest mouse genes
, according to BlastP, are the AceView genes Furin
The closest A.thaliana gene
, according to BlastP, is the AceView gene ATS1P\/ATSBT6.1\/S1P
Alternative mRNAs are shown aligned from 5' to 3' on a virtual genome where introns have been shrunk to a minimal length. Exon size is proportional to length, intron height reflects the number of cDNAs supporting each intron, the small numbers show the support of the introns in deep sequencing (with details in mouse-over) . Introns of the same color are identical, of different colors are different. 'Good proteins' are pink, partial or not-good proteins are yellow, uORFs are green. 5' cap or3' poly A flags show completeness of the transcript.
Mouse over the ending of each transcript gives tissues from which the supporting cDNAs were extracted. Details on tissue of origin for each intron and exon is available from the intron and exons table
Click on any transcript to open the specific mRNA page, to see the exact cDNA clone support and eventual SNPs and to get details on tissues, sequences, mRNA and protein annotations. Proteins supported by a single continuous cDNA sequence lead to underlining the name/ending of the variant. Names not underlined result from cDNA concatenation in the coding region and should be experimentally checked.
are depicted by broken lines; the height of the top of each intron reflects the relative number of clones supporting this intron. ]^[ A pink broken line
denotes an intron with standard boundaries (gt-ag or gc-ag) that is exactly supported (i.e. a cDNA sequence exactly matches the genome over 16 bp, 8 on both sides of the intron). ] ^ ] A blue broken line
denotes non-standard introns, exactly supported, but with non-standard at-ac or any other boundaries. ]-[ Pink
and ] - ] blue
straight lines represent 'fuzzy' introns of the standard and non-standard types respectively, those introns do not follow the 16 bp rule. Black straight lines ]-[denote gaps in the alignments.
Wide filled pink areas represent putative protein coding regions, narrow empty pink boxes represent the 5'UTR (on the left) and 3' UTR (on the right). Flags identify validated endings: cap site on the 5' side, polyadenylation site on the 3' side. Filled flags correspond to frequent events while empty flags have lesser supporting cDNAs (yet all are validated); at the 3' side, black flags are associated to the main AATAAA signal, blue flags
to any single letter variant of the main . More explanations are given in the gene help file