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CYP27A1 cytochrome P450 family 27 subfamily A member 1

Also known as: CTX; CP27; CYP27

Summary

This gene encodes a member of the cytochrome P450 superfamily of enzymes. The cytochrome P450 proteins are monooxygenases which catalyze many reactions involved in drug metabolism and synthesis of cholesterol, steroids and other lipids. This mitochondrial protein oxidizes cholesterol intermediates as part of the bile synthesis pathway. Since the conversion of cholesterol to bile acids is the major route for removing cholesterol from the body, this protein is important for overall cholesterol homeostasis. Mutations in this gene cause cerebrotendinous xanthomatosis, a rare autosomal recessive lipid storage disease. [provided by RefSeq, Jul 2008]

Genomic context

Location:
2q35
Sequence:
Chromosome: 2; NC_000002.12 (218781733..218815293)
Total number of exons:
9

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