GTR Home > Conditions/Phenotypes > Brachydactyly-Mental Retardation syndrome

Summary

Excerpted from the GeneReview: 2q37 Microdeletion Syndrome
2q37 microdeletion syndrome is characterized by mild-moderate developmental delay/intellectual disability, brachymetaphalangy of digits 3-5 (often digit 4 alone) (>50%), short stature, obesity, hypotonia, characteristic facial appearance, autism or autism spectrum disorder (30%), joint hypermobility/dislocation, and scoliosis. Other findings include seizures (20%-35%), congenital heart disease, CNS abnormalities (hydrocephalus, dilated ventricles), umbilical/inguinal hernia, tracheomalacia, situs abnormalities, gastrointestinal abnormalities, and renal malformations. Wilms tumor has been reported in two individuals.

Associated cytogenetic location

  • Location: 2q37

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