GTR Home > Conditions/Phenotypes > Proud Levine Carpenter syndrome


Proud syndrome is an X-linked developmental disorder characterized by agenesis of the corpus callosum, severe mental retardation, seizures, and spasticity. Males are severely affected, whereas females may be unaffected or have a milder phenotype (Proud et al., 1992). Proud syndrome is part of a phenotypic spectrum of disorders caused by mutation in the ARX gene comprising a nearly continuous series of developmental disorders ranging from lissencephaly (LISX2; 300215) to Proud syndrome to infantile spasms without brain malformations (EIEE1; 308350) to syndromic (309510) and nonsyndromic (300419) mental retardation (Kato et al., 2004; Wallerstein et al., 2008). [from OMIM]

Available tests

50 tests are in the database for this condition.

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Genes See tests for all associated and related genes

  • Also known as: CT121, EIEE1, ISSX, MRX29, MRX32, MRX33, MRX36, MRX38, MRX43, MRX54, MRX76, MRX87, MRXS1, PRTS, ARX
    Summary: aristaless related homeobox

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