GEO Logo
   NCBI > GEO > Accession DisplayHelp Not logged in | LoginHelp
GEO help: Mouse over screen elements for information.
Series GSE41366 Query DataSets for GSE41366
Status Public on Oct 05, 2013
Title Alterations in gene expression in Caenorhabditis elegans associated with organophosphate pesticide intoxication and recovery
Organism Caenorhabditis elegans
Experiment type Expression profiling by array
Summary The principal toxicity of acute organophosphate (OP) pesticides poisoning is the disruption of neurotransmission through inhibition of acetylcholinesterase (AChE). However, other mechanisms leading to persistent effects and neurodegeneration remain controversial and difficult to detect. Because Caenorhabditis elegans is relatively resistant to OP lethality—particularly through the inhibition of AChE—studies in this nematode provide an opportunity to observe alterations in global gene expression following OP exposure that cannot be readily observed in less resistant organisms.
We exposed cultures of worms in axenic, defined medium to dichlorvos under three exposure protocols. In the first, worms were exposed continuously throughout the experiment. In the second and third, the worms were exposed for either 2 or 8 h, the dichlorvos was washed out of the culture, and the worms were allowed to recover. We then analyzed gene expression using whole genome microarrays from RNA sampled at multiple time points throughout the exposure. The worms showed a time-dependent response that progressively worsened. Early in the exposure, the predominant effect was on metabolic processes, while at later times, an immune-like response and cellular repair mechanisms dominated the expression pattern. Following removal of dichlorvos, the gene expression in the worms appeared to relatively, rapidly return to steady-state levels. The changes in gene expression observed in the worms following exposure to dichlorvos point towards two potential mechanisms of toxicity: inhibition of AChE and mitochondrial disruption.
Overall design Synchronized cultures of worms at the L3/L4 molt were treated with dichlorvos (0.6 µM or 15 µM) or maintained as a controls according to one of three protocols. In the first protocol, the set of flasks was incubated without interruption for the duration of the experiment with flasks being harvested at 2, 8, 14, 20, and 26 h. The other two sets were incubated for 2 or 8 h, at which time the worms were centrifuged out of the exposure medium, washed 3 times with a modified CeHR medium (Washout Buffer), resuspended in fresh CeHR medium without dichlorvos, and returned to the incubator. Flasks were harvested at 6 h intervals following the washout through 26 h. Flasks of worms were also harvested prior to beginning the exposure as the 0 h controls. Total RNA was isolated from the frozen harvested worms then analyzed using Affymetrix GeneChips. A total of 148 microarrays were processed (47 per exposure protocol with 4 replicates) however only 146 were included in final analysis as 2 falied to pass QC criteria.
Contributor(s) Lewis JA, Gehman EA, Baer CE, Jackson DA
Citation(s) 23631360
Submission date Oct 05, 2012
Last update date Jul 06, 2016
Contact name John A. Lewis
Organization name U.S. Army Center for Environmental Health Research
Department Biomarkers Program
Street address 568 Doughten Drive
City Ft. Detrick
State/province MD
ZIP/Postal code 21702-5010
Country USA
Platforms (1)
GPL200 [Celegans] Affymetrix C. elegans Genome Array
Samples (146)
GSM1015556 control-continuous_expose-2h_harvest-rep1
GSM1015557 low_DDVP-continuous_expose-2h_harvest-rep1
GSM1015558 high_DDVP-continuous_expose-2h_harvest-rep1
BioProject PRJNA176694

Download family Format
SOFT formatted family file(s) SOFTHelp
MINiML formatted family file(s) MINiMLHelp
Series Matrix File(s) TXTHelp

Supplementary file Size Download File type/resource
GSE41366_RAW.tar 492.4 Mb (http)(custom) TAR (of CEL)
Raw data provided as supplementary file
Processed data included within Sample table

| NLM | NIH | GEO Help | Disclaimer | Accessibility |
NCBI Home NCBI Search NCBI SiteMap