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Series GSE40672 Query DataSets for GSE40672
Status Public on Dec 19, 2012
Title Dietary heme alters microbiota and mucosa of mouse colon without functional changes in host-microbe cross-talk.
Organism Mus musculus
Experiment type Expression profiling by array
Summary Colon cancer is a major cause of cancer deaths in Western countries and is associated with diets high in red meat. Heme, the iron-porphyrin pigment of red meat, induces cytotoxicity of gut contents which injures surface cells leading to compensatory hyperproliferation of crypt cells. This hyperproliferation results in epithelial hyperplasia which increases the risk of colon cancer. In humans, a high red-meat diet increases Bacteroides spp in feces. Therefore, we simultaneously investigated the effects of dietary heme on colonic microbiota and on the host mucosa of mice. Whole genome microarrays showed that heme injured the colonic surface epithelium and induced hyperproliferation by changing the surface to crypt signaling. Using 16S rRNA phylogenetic microarrays, we investigated whether bacteria play a role in this changed signaling. Heme increased Bacteroidetes and decreased Firmicutes in colonic contents. This shift was most likely caused by a selective susceptibility of Gram-positive bacteria to heme cytotoxic fecal water, which is not observed for Gram-negative bacteria, allowing expansion of the Gram-negative community. The increased amount of Gram-negative bacteria most probably increased LPS exposure to colonocytes, however, there is no appreciable immune response detected in the heme-fed mice. There was no functional change in the sensing of the bacteria by the mucosa, as changes in inflammation pathways and Toll- like receptor signaling were not detected. This unaltered host-microbe cross-talk indicates that the changes in microbiota did not play a causal role in the observed hyperproliferation and hyperplasia.

Keywords: Expression profiling by array
 
Overall design Mice were fed a Westernized high fat control diet, or the same diet supplemented with 0.5 µmol heme/g diet. After 14 days of intervention, mice were killed and gene expression was profiled in colon.
 
Contributor(s) IJssennagger N, Rijnierse A, Müller M, van der Meer R
Citation(s) 23239972
Submission date Sep 06, 2012
Last update date Apr 18, 2017
Contact name Guido Hooiveld
E-mail(s) guido.hooiveld@wur.nl
Organization name Wageningen University
Department Div. Human Nutrition & Health
Lab Nutrition, Metabolism & Genomics Group
Street address HELIX, Stippeneng 4
City Wageningen
ZIP/Postal code NL-6708WE
Country Netherlands
 
Platforms (1)
GPL11533 [MoGene-1_1-st] Affymetrix Mouse Gene 1.1 ST Array [transcript (gene) version]
Samples (8)
GSM999051 colon control repl1
GSM999052 colon control repl2
GSM999053 colon control repl3
Relations
BioProject PRJNA174570

Download family Format
SOFT formatted family file(s) SOFTHelp
MINiML formatted family file(s) MINiMLHelp
Series Matrix File(s) TXTHelp

Supplementary file Size Download File type/resource
GSE40672_RAW.tar 37.9 Mb (http)(custom) TAR (of CEL)
Raw data provided as supplementary file
Processed data included within Sample table

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