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Series GSE3099 Query DataSets for GSE3099
Status Public on Aug 13, 2005
Title Folic Acid study in HT-29 cells
Organism Homo sapiens
Experiment type Expression profiling by array
Summary Low intracellular folate levels diminish the growth rate of HT-29 human colon cancer cells. This is accompanied by a metabolic shift from cytosolic glycolysis towards mitochondrial oxidative phosphorylation, as demonstrated by a lower lactate production and an increased mitochondrial oxygen consumption rate. To obtain insight in the molecular effects underlying these changes, the steady state gene expression profiles of HT-29 cells with different intracellular folate concentrations were compared. The gene expression profile of HT-29 cells with low intracellular folate levels (grown for 3 weeks in 10 ng/ml folic acid (PGA)) was clearly distinct from that of the other exposure conditions, which provide sufficient intracellular folate levels (100 ng/ml PGA, 10 ng/ml methyltetrahydrofolate (MTHF) or 100 ng/ml MTHF). Intracellular folate deficiency, contrary to expectation, did not lead to major changes in expression of genes involved in energy metabolism. This suggests that the shift towards mitochondrial oxidative phosphorylation is not mediated at the transcription level. Furthermore, only minor changes in the expression of folate metabolism related genes were observed. The changes that were observed were consistent with nucleotide salvage and in agreement with nucleotide need of the slow-growing folate-deficient HT-29 cells. The major observed effects were on cell cycle related gene expression, which was increased and interferon-responsive gene expression, which was reduced. The increase in cell cycle related gene expression seems compensatory to the reduced cell growth. Down-regulation of the interferon-response may be explained by decreased expression of signal transducer and activator of transcription 1 upon folate deficiency.
Keywords: dose response, folic acid, HT-29 cells, human
Overall design In the present study, large-scale gene expression analysis was performed to reveal mechanistic details of the metabolic switch from aerobic glycolysis to mitochondrial OXPHOS upon folate deficiency in HT-29 human colon cancer cells and to provide new molecular insight into the folate deficient-induced inhibition of colon cancer cell growth. Therefore, as in our previous experiment, HT-29 human colon cancer cells were cultured for 3 weeks in different types and concentrations of folate; synthetic folic acid (pteroylglutamic acid, PGA ; 10 or 100 ng/ml) or natural folate (methyl-tetrahydrofolate, MTHF; 10 or 100 ng/ml) to obtain different intracellular levels of folate. Large scale oligo arrays with 10.296 human oligo probes of which about 300 oligo probes are involved in energy metabolism, were used to study folate induced gene expression changes in order to better understand the metabolic switch and the growth inhibitory effects upon folate deficiency in HT-29 human colon cancer cells.
Contributor(s) Dommels Y, Reinders M, Keijer J
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Submission date Aug 10, 2005
Last update date Mar 16, 2012
Contact name Jaap Keijer
Organization name RIKILT Institute of Food Safety
Street address Bornsesteeg 45
City Wageningen
ZIP/Postal code 6708 PD
Country Netherlands
Platforms (1)
GPL2721 RIKILT Human Oligo Array
Samples (22)
GSM69207 100PGA3B
GSM69208 100PGA3A
GSM69209 100PGA2B
BioProject PRJNA93105

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