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Series GSE21512 Query DataSets for GSE21512
Status Public on May 27, 2010
Title Simple combinations of lineage-determining transcription factors prime cis-regulatory elements required for macrophage and B cell identities
Organism Mus musculus
Experiment type Expression profiling by array
Genome binding/occupancy profiling by high throughput sequencing
Summary Genome-scale studies have revealed extensive co-localization of transcription factors in a given cell type as well as substantial differences in the binding patterns of specific transcription factors between cell types. Several mechanisms have been proposed to explain these observations, including targeting of transcription factors to accessible chromatin marked by lysine 4-monomethylated histone H3 (H3K4me1) and interactions between transcription factors that enable nucleosome displacement. Here we demonstrate that collaborative interactions of PU.1 with small sets of macrophage- or B cell-lineage-determining transcription factors establish common and cell-specific binding sites that are associated with the majority of promoter-distal H3K4me1-marked genomic regions in macrophages and B cells, respectively. PU.1 binding initiates nucleosome remodeling followed by H3K4 monomethylation at large numbers of genomic regions associated with both broadly and specifically expressed genes. These sites are representative of locations that serve as beacons for additional factors, exemplified by liver X receptors, which drive both cell-specific gene expression and signal-dependent responses. In concert with analysis of transcription factor binding and H3K4me1 patterns in other cell types, these studies suggest that simple combinations of lineage-determining transcription factors can specify the genomic sites ultimately responsible for both cell identity and cell type-specific responses to diverse signaling inputs.
Overall design ChIP-Seq and gene expression profiling was performed in macrophages, B cells, and a variety of genetically modified primary cells and cell lines approximating developmental stages of macrophage and B cell development.
Contributor(s) Heinz S, Benner C, Spann N, Bertolino E, Lin YC, Laslo P, Cheng JX, Murre C, Singh H, Glass CK
Citation(s) 20513432, 21980340
Submission date Apr 26, 2010
Last update date Aug 19, 2019
Contact name Christopher Benner
Organization name University of California, San Diego (UCSD)
Department Medicine
Street address 9500 Gilman Dr. MC 0640
City La Jolla
State/province California
ZIP/Postal code 92093-0640
Country USA
Platforms (3)
GPL7202 Agilent-014868 Whole Mouse Genome Microarray 4x44K G4122F (Probe Name version)
GPL9185 Illumina Genome Analyzer (Mus musculus)
GPL9250 Illumina Genome Analyzer II (Mus musculus)
Samples (52)
GSM537446 B cell ctrl Expression (Cy5)
GSM537447 B cell ctrl Expression (Cy3)
GSM537448 Macrophage ctrl Expression (Cy5)
SRA SRP002393
BioProject PRJNA125987

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SOFT formatted family file(s) SOFTHelp
MINiML formatted family file(s) MINiMLHelp
Series Matrix File(s) TXTHelp

Supplementary file Size Download File type/resource
GSE21512_RAW.tar 3.7 Gb (http)(custom) TAR (of BED, FA, TXT)
GSE21512_README.txt 627 b (ftp)(http) TXT
SRA Run SelectorHelp
Raw data are available in SRA
Processed data included within Sample table
Processed data provided as supplementary file

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