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Series GSE20547 Query DataSets for GSE20547
Status Public on May 01, 2010
Title A53T-α-synuclein overexpression mouse model signaling and striatal synaptic plasticity
Organism Mus musculus
Experiment type Expression profiling by array
Summary Parkinson’s disease (PD), the second most frequent neurodegenerative disorder at old age, can be caused by elevated expression, or the A53T mutation, of the presynaptic protein alpha-synuclein (SNCA). PD is characterized pathologically by the preferential vulnerability of the dopaminergic nigrostriatal projection neurons. Here, we used two mouse lines overexpressing human A53T-SNCA around ages 6 and 18 months and studied striatal dysfunction in the absence of neurodegeneration to understand early disease mechanisms. High pressure liquid chromatography analysis of striatal neurotransmitter content demonstrated that dopamine (DA) levels correlated directly with the level of expression of SNCA, an observation also observed in SNCA deficient mice. In the striatum of aged A53TSNCA overexpressing mice, where DA levels were elevated, a paradoxical upregulation of dopamine receptors DRD1A and DRD2 was detected by immunoblots and autoradiography, findings compatible with the notion of abnormal vesicle release. Extensive transcriptome studies via microarrays and quantitative real-time RT-PCR validation of altered Homer1, Cb1, Atf2 and Pde7b transcript levels indicated a progressive reduction in the postsynaptic DA response. As functional consequences, long term depression was absent in corticostriatal slices from aged transgenic mice and an insidious decrease of spontaneous locomotor activity of these animals was found in open field tests. Taken together, the dysfunctional neurotransmission and decreased synaptic plasticity seen in the A53T-SNCA overexpressing mice reflects early functional changes within the basal ganglia resulting from synucleinopathy prior to frank neurodegeneration. Thus, preclinical stages of PD may be modeled in this mouse. Parkinson’s disease (PD), the second most frequent neurodegenerative disorder at old age, can be caused by elevated expression, or the A53T mutation, of the presynaptic protein alpha-synuclein (SNCA). PD is characterized pathologically by the preferential vulnerability of the dopaminergic nigrostriatal projection neurons. Here, we used two mouse lines overexpressing human A53T-SNCA around ages 6 and 18 months and studied striatal dysfunction in the absence of neurodegeneration to understand early disease mechanisms. High pressure liquid chromatography analysis of striatal neurotransmitter content demonstrated that dopamine (DA) levels correlated directly with the level of expression of SNCA, an observation also observed in SNCA deficient mice. In the striatum of aged A53TSNCA overexpressing mice, where DA levels were elevated, a paradoxical upregulation of dopamine receptors DRD1A and DRD2 was detected by immunoblots and autoradiography, findings compatible with the notion of abnormal vesicle release. Extensive transcriptome studies via microarrays and quantitative real-time RT-PCR validation of altered Homer1, Cb1, Atf2 and Pde7b transcript levels indicated a progressive reduction in the postsynaptic DA response. As functional consequences, long term depression was absent in corticostriatal slices from aged transgenic mice and an insidious decrease of spontaneous locomotor activity of these animals was found in open field tests. Taken together, the dysfunctional neurotransmission and decreased synaptic plasticity seen in the A53T-SNCA overexpressing mice reflects early functional changes within the basal ganglia resulting from synucleinopathy prior to frank neurodegeneration. Thus, preclinical stages of PD may be modeled in this mouse.
 
Overall design Tissue was dissected from the brain of 6 months old (2 WT / 2 TgA / 2 TgB striata, 2 WT / 2 TgA / 2 TgB brainstems/midbrains, 2 WT / 2 TgA / 2 TgB cerebella) and of 18+ months old mice (4 WT / 2 TgA / 2 TgB striata, 6 WT / 4 TgA / 3 TgB brainstems/midbrains, 6 WT / 5 TgA / 4 TgB cerebella). Tissues from individual, particularly old mice up to 28 months age were included here to strengthen the definition of progression markers reflecting old age.
 
Contributor(s) Gispert S, Bonin M, Auburger G
Citation(s) 20628651
Submission date Feb 26, 2010
Last update date Feb 11, 2019
Contact name Michael Bonin
Organization name University Tuebingen
Department Medical Genetics
Lab Microarray Facility
Street address CAlwerstr. 7
City Tuebingen
State/province BW
ZIP/Postal code 72076
Country Germany
 
Platforms (1)
GPL1261 [Mouse430_2] Affymetrix Mouse Genome 430 2.0 Array
Samples (54)
GSM516243 wt, striatum, 6 month, female [E5R_011a01_b]
GSM516244 wt, striatum, 6 month, male [E5R_011a02_b]
GSM516245 TgA, striatum, 6 month, female [E5R_011a03_b]
Relations
BioProject PRJNA125303

Download family Format
SOFT formatted family file(s) SOFTHelp
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Series Matrix File(s) TXTHelp

Supplementary file Size Download File type/resource
GSE20547_RAW.tar 185.8 Mb (http)(custom) TAR (of CEL)
Raw data provided as supplementary file
Processed data included within Sample table

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