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Series GSE189612 Query DataSets for GSE189612
Status Public on Mar 08, 2022
Title Single cell analysis informs efficient reprogramming of human somatic cells to dendritic cells type 1
Organism Homo sapiens
Experiment type Genome binding/occupancy profiling by high throughput sequencing
Summary Type-1 dendritic cells (DC1s) are critical cellular mediators of anti-tumor immunity, as their ability to prime CD8+ T-cells is crucial for response to checkpoint blockade and adoptive T-cell transfer. Vaccination strategies to harness this unique DC subset for immunotherapy have been limited by their rarity in peripheral blood and lack of homogeneous alternative cell sources. We have previously identified PU.1, IRF8 and BATF3 transcription factors (TF) as sufficient to induce DC1 program in mouse fibroblasts but reprogramming efficiency in human cells was low. Here, we investigated single-cell transcriptional dynamics during human DC1 reprogramming. Human induced DC1s (hiDC1s) generated from embryonic fibroblasts acquire global DC1 transcriptional profile and activate antigen presentation signatures. Interestingly, other DC subsets are not induced at the single cell level. We extracted gene modules associated with successful reprogramming and identified inflammatory signaling and the DC1 reprogramming TF network as key drivers of the process. Combining inflammatory cytokine signaling with TF constitutive overexpression lead to improved reprogramming efficiency by 190-fold. HiDC1s acquire the ability to uptake dead cells, respond to stimuli, secrete inflammatory cytokines and perform antigen presentation. Remarkably, intra-tumoral vaccination in mouse models increased infiltration of antigen-specific CD8+ T-cells, promoted a T-cell cytotoxic profile and conferred protection against tumor growth. Finally, we demonstrated efficient hiDC1 generation from human adult somatic cells including dermal fibroblasts and mesenchymal stem cells with a xeno-free protocol. These findings provide insights into human DC1 specification and reprogramming and represent a platform for generating patient-specific DC1s, a long-sought DC subset for cancer immunotherapy.
Overall design Examination of global occupancy for PU.1, IRF8 and BATF3 together or individually at day 2 of cDC1 reprogramming in HDFs.
Contributor(s) Rosa FF, Pires CF, Kurochkin I, Halitzki E, Pereira C
Citation(s) 35245086
Submission date Nov 26, 2021
Last update date Mar 11, 2022
Contact name Evelyn Halitzki
Organization name Lund University
Street address Sölvegatan 17
City Lund
ZIP/Postal code 223 62
Country Sweden
Platforms (1)
GPL18573 Illumina NextSeq 500 (Homo sapiens)
Samples (11)
GSM5704554 PIB-HDFs-PU.1_rep1
GSM5704555 PIB-HDFs-IRF8_rep1
GSM5704556 PIB-HDFs-BATF3_rep1
BioProject PRJNA783882

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Supplementary file Size Download File type/resource
GSE189612_RAW.tar 1.8 Gb (http)(custom) TAR (of BED, BW)
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Raw data are available in SRA
Processed data provided as supplementary file

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