Genome binding/occupancy profiling by high throughput sequencing
Increasing evidence suggests that transcriptional control and chromatin activities at large involve regulatory RNAs, which likely enlist specific RNA binding proteins (RBPs). Although multiple RBPs have been implicated in transcriptional control, it has remained unclear how extensively RBPs directly act on chromatin. We embarked on a large-scale RBP ChIP-seq analysis, revealing widespread RBP presence in active chromatin regions in the human genome. Like transcription factors (TFs), RBPs also showed strong preference for hotspots in the genome, particularly gene promoters, where their association is frequently linked to transcriptional output. Unsupervised clustering reveals extensive co-association between TFs and RBPs, as exemplified by YY1, a known RNA-dependent TF, and RBM25, an RBP involved in splicing regulation. Remarkably, RBM25 depletion attenuates all YY1-dependent activities, including chromatin binding, DNA looping and transcription. We propose that various RBPs may enhance network interaction through harnessing regulatory RNAs to control transcription.
Examination of RBP ChIP-seq with 2 replicated experiments in HepG2 and K562 cells