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Series GSE11495 Query DataSets for GSE11495
Status Public on May 20, 2008
Title Regulation of granulosa and theca cell transcriptomes during ovarian antral follicle development.
Organism Bos taurus
Experiment type Expression profiling by array
Summary Coordinated interactions between ovarian granulosa and theca cells are required for female endocrine function and fertility. To elucidate these interactions the regulation of the granulosa and theca cell transcriptomes during bovine antral follicle development were investigated. Granulosa cells and theca cells were isolated from small (<5 mm), medium (5-10 mm), and large (>10 mm) antral bovine follicles. A microarray analysis of 24,000 bovine genes revealed that granulosa cells and theca cells each had gene sets specific to small, medium and large follicle cells. Transcripts regulated (i.e., minimally changed 1.5-fold) during antral follicle development for the granulosa cells involved 446 genes and for theca cells 248 genes. Only 28 regulated genes were common to both granulosa and theca cells. Regulated genes were functionally categorized with a focus on growth factors and cytokines expressed and regulated by the two cell types. Candidate regulatory growth factor proteins mediating both paracrine and autocrine cell-cell interactions include macrophage inflammatory protein (MIP1 beta), teratocarcinoma-derived growth factor 1 (TDGF1), stromal derived growth factor 1 (SDF1; i.e., CXCL12), growth differentiation factor 8 (GDF8), glia maturation factor gamma (GMFG), osteopontin (SPP1), angiopoietin 4 (ANGPT4), and chemokine ligands (CCL 2, 3, 5, and 8). The current study examined granulosa cell and theca cell regulated genes associated with bovine antral follicle development and identified candidate growth factors potentially involved in the regulation of cell-cell interactions required for ovarian function.

Keywords: expression analysis, follicle assembly, ovary granulosa cell
 
Overall design Granulosacell RNA samples from three groups of follicles different in size - small, medium, and large (pooled untreated ovaries) are compared between each other. Each group has 2 separate biological replicas; each replica contained pooled RNA from 20-40 ovaries from 6-10 different animals.
Web link http://www.skinner.wsu.edu/
 
Contributor(s) Skinner M, Schmidt M, Savenkova M, Sadler-Riggleman I, Nilsson E
Citation(s) 18288646
Submission date May 19, 2008
Last update date Dec 17, 2012
Contact name Michael K Skinner
E-mail(s) skinner@mail.wsu.edu
Organization name WSU
Department SBS
Street address Abelson 507
City Pullman
State/province WA
ZIP/Postal code 99163
Country USA
 
Platforms (1)
GPL2112 [Bovine] Affymetrix Bovine Genome Array
Samples (12)
GSM289423 small_follicle_granulosa_cell_rep1
GSM289424 small_follicle_granulosa_cell_rep2
GSM289425 medium_follicle_granulosa_cell_rep1
Relations
BioProject PRJNA106311

Download family Format
SOFT formatted family file(s) SOFTHelp
MINiML formatted family file(s) MINiMLHelp
Series Matrix File(s) TXTHelp

Supplementary file Size Download File type/resource
GSE11495_RAW.tar 22.9 Mb (http)(custom) TAR (of CEL)
Raw data provided as supplementary file
Processed data included within Sample table

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