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Series GSE10557 Query DataSets for GSE10557
Status Public on Feb 20, 2008
Title Actions of anti-Mullerian hormone on the ovarian transcriptome to inhibit primordial to primary follicle transition.
Organism Rattus norvegicus
Experiment type Expression profiling by array
Summary The oocytes found within the primordial follicles of mammalian ovaries remain quiescent for months to years until they receive the appropriate signals to undergo the primordial to primary follicle transition and initiate folliculogenesis. The molecular mechanisms and extracellular signaling factors that regulate this process remain to be fully elucidated. The current study investigates the mechanisms utilized by anti-Müllerian hormone (AMH; i.e. Müllerian inhibitory substance) to inhibit the primordial to primary follicle transition. Ovaries from 4-day-old rats were placed into organ culture and incubated in the absence or presence of AMH, either alone or in combination with known stimulators of follicle transition, including basic fibroblast growth factor (bFGF), kit ligand (KITL), or keratinocyte growth factor (KGF). Following 10 days of culture, the ovaries were sectioned, stained, and morphologically evaluated to determine the percentage of primordial versus developing follicles. As previously demonstrated, AMH treatment decreased primordial to primary follicle transition. Interestingly, AMH inhibited the stimulatory actions of KITL, bFGF, and KGF. Therefore, AMH can inhibit the basal and stimulated development of primordial follicles. To investigate the mechanism of AMH actions, the influence AMH has on the ovarian transcriptome was analyzed. AMH treatment when compared with controls was found to alter the expression of 707 genes. The overall effect of AMH exposure is to decrease the expression of stimulatory factors, increase the expression of inhibitory factors, and regulate cellular pathways (e.g. transforming growth factor beta signaling pathway) that result in the inhibition of primordial follicle development. Analysis of the regulatory factors and cellular pathways altered by AMH provides a better understanding of the molecular control of primordial follicle development.
Keywords: expression analysis, follicle assembly, AMH effect, ovary
Overall design RNA samples from two control groups (pooled untreated cultured ovaries) are compared to two treated groups (pooled cultured ovaries treated with AMH)
Web link
Contributor(s) Nilsson E, Rogers N, Skinner M
Citation(s) 17660231
Submission date Feb 19, 2008
Last update date Jul 31, 2017
Contact name Michael K Skinner
Organization name WSU
Department SBS
Street address Abelson 507
City Pullman
State/province WA
ZIP/Postal code 99163
Country USA
Platforms (1)
GPL1355 [Rat230_2] Affymetrix Rat Genome 230 2.0 Array
Samples (4)
GSM266747 Postnatal day 4 ovary cultured for 10 days, replicate 1
GSM266748 Postnatal day 4 ovary cultured for 10 days, replicate 2
GSM266749 Postnatal day 4 ovary cultured with AMH for 10 days, replicate 1
BioProject PRJNA107809

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SOFT formatted family file(s) SOFTHelp
MINiML formatted family file(s) MINiMLHelp
Series Matrix File(s) TXTHelp

Supplementary file Size Download File type/resource
GSE10557_RAW.tar 10.1 Mb (http)(custom) TAR (of CEL)
Raw data provided as supplementary file
Processed data included within Sample table

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