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    ATF4 activating transcription factor 4 [ Homo sapiens (human) ]

    Gene ID: 468, updated on 19-Mar-2017
    Official Symbol
    ATF4provided by HGNC
    Official Full Name
    activating transcription factor 4provided by HGNC
    Primary source
    HGNC:HGNC:786
    See related
    Ensembl:ENSG00000128272 MIM:604064; Vega:OTTHUMG00000151099
    Gene type
    protein coding
    RefSeq status
    REVIEWED
    Organism
    Homo sapiens
    Lineage
    Eukaryota; Metazoa; Chordata; Craniata; Vertebrata; Euteleostomi; Mammalia; Eutheria; Euarchontoglires; Primates; Haplorrhini; Catarrhini; Hominidae; Homo
    Also known as
    CREB2; TXREB; CREB-2; TAXREB67
    Summary
    This gene encodes a transcription factor that was originally identified as a widely expressed mammalian DNA binding protein that could bind a tax-responsive enhancer element in the LTR of HTLV-1. The encoded protein was also isolated and characterized as the cAMP-response element binding protein 2 (CREB-2). The protein encoded by this gene belongs to a family of DNA-binding proteins that includes the AP-1 family of transcription factors, cAMP-response element binding proteins (CREBs) and CREB-like proteins. These transcription factors share a leucine zipper region that is involved in protein-protein interactions, located C-terminal to a stretch of basic amino acids that functions as a DNA binding domain. Two alternative transcripts encoding the same protein have been described. Two pseudogenes are located on the X chromosome at q28 in a region containing a large inverted duplication. [provided by RefSeq, Sep 2011]
    Orthologs
    Location:
    22q13.1
    Exon count:
    3
    Annotation release Status Assembly Chr Location
    108 current GRCh38.p7 (GCF_000001405.33) 22 NC_000022.11 (39519709..39522686)
    105 previous assembly GRCh37.p13 (GCF_000001405.25) 22 NC_000022.10 (39916569..39918691)

    Chromosome 22 - NC_000022.11Genomic Context describing neighboring genes Neighboring gene mannosyl (beta-1,4-)-glycoprotein beta-1,4-N-acetylglucosaminyltransferase Neighboring gene MGAT3 antisense RNA 1 Neighboring gene uncharacterized LOC105373035 Neighboring gene mitochondrial elongation factor 1 Neighboring gene ribosomal protein S19 binding protein 1 Neighboring gene calcium voltage-gated channel subunit alpha1 I

    • Project title: HPA RNA-seq normal tissues
    • Description: RNA-seq was performed of tissue samples from 95 human individuals representing 27 different tissues in order to determine tissue-specificity of all protein-coding genes
    • BioProject: PRJEB4337
    • Publication: PMID 24309898
    • Analysis date: Wed Jun 15 11:32:44 2016

    GeneRIFs: Gene References Into FunctionsWhat's a GeneRIF?

    NHGRI GWAS Catalog

    Description
    Host-microbe interactions have shaped the genetic architecture of inflammatory bowel disease.
    NHGRI GWA Catalog

    Protein interactions

    Protein Gene Interaction Pubs
    Tat tat HIV-1 infection-mediated upregulation of ATF4 enhances HIV replication by synergistic interaction with HIV Tat PubMed
    tat ATF4 enhances HIV-1 LTR activation and induces HIV-1 reactivation in latently infected cells PubMed
    Vpu vpu HIV-1 Vpu is a strong competitive inhibitor of beta-TrCP and impairs the degradation of SCF-beta-TrCP substrates such as IKBalpha, ATF4 and beta-catenin PubMed

    Go to the HIV-1, Human Interaction Database

    • ATF4 activates genes, organism-specific biosystem (from REACTOME)
      ATF4 activates genes, organism-specific biosystemATF4 is a transcription factor and activates expression of IL-8, MCP1, IGFBP-1, CHOP, HERP1 and ATF3.
    • ATF6 (ATF6-alpha) activates chaperone genes, organism-specific biosystem (from REACTOME)
      ATF6 (ATF6-alpha) activates chaperone genes, organism-specific biosystemThe N-terminal fragment of ATF6-alpha contains a bZIP domain and binds the sequence CCACG in ER Stress Response Elements (ERSEs). ATF6-alpha binds ERSEs together with the heterotrimeric transcription...
    • ATF6 (ATF6-alpha) activates chaperones, organism-specific biosystem (from REACTOME)
      ATF6 (ATF6-alpha) activates chaperones, organism-specific biosystemATF6-alpha is a transmembrane protein that normally resides in the Endoplasmic Reticulum (ER) membrane. Here its luminal C-terminal domain is associated with BiP, shielding 2 Golgi-targeting regions ...
    • Adrenergic signaling in cardiomyocytes, organism-specific biosystem (from KEGG)
      Adrenergic signaling in cardiomyocytes, organism-specific biosystemCardiac myocytes express at least six subtypes of adrenergic receptor (AR) which include three subtypes of beta-AR (beta-1, beta-2, beta-3) and three subtypes of the alpha-1-AR (alpha-1A, alpha-1B, a...
    • Adrenergic signaling in cardiomyocytes, conserved biosystem (from KEGG)
      Adrenergic signaling in cardiomyocytes, conserved biosystemCardiac myocytes express at least six subtypes of adrenergic receptor (AR) which include three subtypes of beta-AR (beta-1, beta-2, beta-3) and three subtypes of the alpha-1-AR (alpha-1A, alpha-1B, a...
    • Alcoholism, organism-specific biosystem (from KEGG)
      Alcoholism, organism-specific biosystemAlcoholism, also called dependence on alcohol (ethanol), is a chronic relapsing disorder that is progressive and has serious detrimental health outcomes. As one of the primary mediators of the reward...
    • Alcoholism, conserved biosystem (from KEGG)
      Alcoholism, conserved biosystemAlcoholism, also called dependence on alcohol (ethanol), is a chronic relapsing disorder that is progressive and has serious detrimental health outcomes. As one of the primary mediators of the reward...
    • Aldosterone synthesis and secretion, organism-specific biosystem (from KEGG)
      Aldosterone synthesis and secretion, organism-specific biosystemAldosterone is a steroid hormone synthesized in and secreted from the outer layer of the adrenal cortex, the zona glomerulosa. Aldosterone plays an important role in the regulation of systemic blood ...
    • Aldosterone synthesis and secretion, conserved biosystem (from KEGG)
      Aldosterone synthesis and secretion, conserved biosystemAldosterone is a steroid hormone synthesized in and secreted from the outer layer of the adrenal cortex, the zona glomerulosa. Aldosterone plays an important role in the regulation of systemic blood ...
    • Amphetamine addiction, organism-specific biosystem (from KEGG)
      Amphetamine addiction, organism-specific biosystemAmphetamine is a psychostimulant drug that exerts persistent addictive effects. Most addictive drugs increase extracellular concentrations of dopamine (DA) in nucleus accumbens (NAc) and medial prefr...
    • Amphetamine addiction, conserved biosystem (from KEGG)
      Amphetamine addiction, conserved biosystemAmphetamine is a psychostimulant drug that exerts persistent addictive effects. Most addictive drugs increase extracellular concentrations of dopamine (DA) in nucleus accumbens (NAc) and medial prefr...
    • Apoptosis, organism-specific biosystem (from KEGG)
      Apoptosis, organism-specific biosystemApoptosis is a genetically programmed process for the elimination of damaged or redundant cells by activation of caspases (aspartate-specific cysteine proteases). The onset of apoptosis is controlled...
    • Apoptosis, conserved biosystem (from KEGG)
      Apoptosis, conserved biosystemApoptosis is a genetically programmed process for the elimination of damaged or redundant cells by activation of caspases (aspartate-specific cysteine proteases). The onset of apoptosis is controlled...
    • Cholinergic synapse, organism-specific biosystem (from KEGG)
      Cholinergic synapse, organism-specific biosystemAcetylcholine (ACh) is a neurotransmitter widely distributed in the central (and also peripheral, autonomic and enteric) nervous system (CNS). In the CNS, ACh facilitates many functions, such as lear...
    • Circadian rythm related genes, organism-specific biosystem (from WikiPathways)
      Circadian rythm related genes, organism-specific biosystemThis is currently not a pathway but a list of circadian rhythm related genes and proteins. The source for this information is the gene ontology. The genes and proteins were filtered for "circadian rh...
    • Cocaine addiction, organism-specific biosystem (from KEGG)
      Cocaine addiction, organism-specific biosystemDrug addiction is a chronic, relapsing disorder in which compulsive drug-seeking and drug-taking behavior persists despite serious negative consequences.There is strong evidence that the dopaminergic...
    • Cocaine addiction, conserved biosystem (from KEGG)
      Cocaine addiction, conserved biosystemDrug addiction is a chronic, relapsing disorder in which compulsive drug-seeking and drug-taking behavior persists despite serious negative consequences.There is strong evidence that the dopaminergic...
    • Dopaminergic synapse, organism-specific biosystem (from KEGG)
      Dopaminergic synapse, organism-specific biosystemDopamine (DA) is an important and prototypical slow neurotransmitter in the mammalian brain, where it controls a variety of functions including locomotor activity, motivation and reward, learning an...
    • Dopaminergic synapse, conserved biosystem (from KEGG)
      Dopaminergic synapse, conserved biosystemDopamine (DA) is an important and prototypical slow neurotransmitter in the mammalian brain, where it controls a variety of functions including locomotor activity, motivation and reward, learning an...
    • Estrogen signaling pathway, organism-specific biosystem (from KEGG)
      Estrogen signaling pathway, organism-specific biosystemEstrogens are steroid hormones that regulate a plethora of physiological processes in mammals, including reproduction, cardiovascular protection, bone integrity, cellular homeostasis, and behavior. E...
    • Estrogen signaling pathway, conserved biosystem (from KEGG)
      Estrogen signaling pathway, conserved biosystemEstrogens are steroid hormones that regulate a plethora of physiological processes in mammals, including reproduction, cardiovascular protection, bone integrity, cellular homeostasis, and behavior. E...
    • Glucagon signaling pathway, organism-specific biosystem (from KEGG)
      Glucagon signaling pathway, organism-specific biosystemGlucagon is conventionally regarded as a counterregulatory hormone for insulin and plays a critical anti-hypoglycemic role by maintaining glucose homeostasis in both animals and humans. To increase ...
    • Glucagon signaling pathway, conserved biosystem (from KEGG)
      Glucagon signaling pathway, conserved biosystemGlucagon is conventionally regarded as a counterregulatory hormone for insulin and plays a critical anti-hypoglycemic role by maintaining glucose homeostasis in both animals and humans. To increase ...
    • GnRH signaling pathway, organism-specific biosystem (from KEGG)
      GnRH signaling pathway, organism-specific biosystemGonadotropin-releasing hormone (GnRH) secretion from the hypothalamus acts upon its receptor in the anterior pituitary to regulate the production and release of the gonadotropins, LH and FSH. The GnR...
    • GnRH signaling pathway, conserved biosystem (from KEGG)
      GnRH signaling pathway, conserved biosystemGonadotropin-releasing hormone (GnRH) secretion from the hypothalamus acts upon its receptor in the anterior pituitary to regulate the production and release of the gonadotropins, LH and FSH. The GnR...
    • HTLV-I infection, organism-specific biosystem (from KEGG)
      HTLV-I infection, organism-specific biosystemHuman T-lymphotropic virus type 1 (HTLV-1) is a pathogenic retrovirus that is associated with adult T-cell leukemia/lymphoma (ATL). It is also strongly implicated in non-neoplastic chronic inflammato...
    • HTLV-I infection, conserved biosystem (from KEGG)
      HTLV-I infection, conserved biosystemHuman T-lymphotropic virus type 1 (HTLV-1) is a pathogenic retrovirus that is associated with adult T-cell leukemia/lymphoma (ATL). It is also strongly implicated in non-neoplastic chronic inflammato...
    • Hepatitis B, organism-specific biosystem (from KEGG)
      Hepatitis B, organism-specific biosystemHepatitis B virus (HBV) is an enveloped virus and contains a partially double-stranded relaxed circular DNA (RC-DNA) genome. After entry into hepatocytes, HBV RC-DNA is transported to the nucleus and...
    • Insulin secretion, organism-specific biosystem (from KEGG)
      Insulin secretion, organism-specific biosystemPancreatic beta cells are specialised endocrine cells that continuously sense the levels of blood sugar and other fuels and, in response, secrete insulin to maintain normal fuel homeostasis. Glucose-...
    • Long-term potentiation, organism-specific biosystem (from KEGG)
      Long-term potentiation, organism-specific biosystemHippocampal long-term potentiation (LTP), a long-lasting increase in synaptic efficacy, is the molecular basis for learning and memory. Tetanic stimulation of afferents in the CA1 region of the hippo...
    • Long-term potentiation, conserved biosystem (from KEGG)
      Long-term potentiation, conserved biosystemHippocampal long-term potentiation (LTP), a long-lasting increase in synaptic efficacy, is the molecular basis for learning and memory. Tetanic stimulation of afferents in the CA1 region of the hippo...
    • Longevity regulating pathway, organism-specific biosystem (from KEGG)
      Longevity regulating pathway, organism-specific biosystemRegulation of longevity depends on genetic and environmental factors. Caloric restriction (CR), that is limiting food intake, is recognized in mammals as the best characterized and most reproducible ...
    • MAPK Signaling Pathway, organism-specific biosystem (from WikiPathways)
      MAPK Signaling Pathway, organism-specific biosystemThe mitogen-activated protein kinase (MAPK) cascade is a highly conserved module that is involved in various cellular functions, including cell proliferation, differentiation and migration. Mammals e...
    • MAPK signaling pathway, organism-specific biosystem (from KEGG)
      MAPK signaling pathway, organism-specific biosystemThe mitogen-activated protein kinase (MAPK) cascade is a highly conserved module that is involved in various cellular functions, including cell proliferation, differentiation and migration. Mammals e...
    • MAPK signaling pathway, conserved biosystem (from KEGG)
      MAPK signaling pathway, conserved biosystemThe mitogen-activated protein kinase (MAPK) cascade is a highly conserved module that is involved in various cellular functions, including cell proliferation, differentiation and migration. Mammals e...
    • Metabolism of proteins, organism-specific biosystem (from REACTOME)
      Metabolism of proteins, organism-specific biosystemProtein metabolism comprises the pathways of translation, post-translational modification and protein folding.
    • Myometrial Relaxation and Contraction Pathways, organism-specific biosystem (from WikiPathways)
      Myometrial Relaxation and Contraction Pathways, organism-specific biosystemThis pathway illustrates signaling networks implicated in uterine muscle contraction at labor and quiescence throughout gestation (pregnancy). The muscle of the uterus, responsible for contractile ac...
    • Neurotrophin signaling pathway, organism-specific biosystem (from KEGG)
      Neurotrophin signaling pathway, organism-specific biosystemNeurotrophins are a family of trophic factors involved in differentiation and survival of neural cells. The neurotrophin family consists of nerve growth factor (NGF), brain derived neurotrophic facto...
    • Neurotrophin signaling pathway, conserved biosystem (from KEGG)
      Neurotrophin signaling pathway, conserved biosystemNeurotrophins are a family of trophic factors involved in differentiation and survival of neural cells. The neurotrophin family consists of nerve growth factor (NGF), brain derived neurotrophic facto...
    • Non-alcoholic fatty liver disease (NAFLD), organism-specific biosystem (from KEGG)
      Non-alcoholic fatty liver disease (NAFLD), organism-specific biosystemNon-alcoholic fatty liver disease (NAFLD) represents a spectrum ranging from simple steatosis to more severe steatohepatitis with hepatic inflammation and fibrosis, known as nonalcoholic steatohepati...
    • Non-alcoholic fatty liver disease (NAFLD), conserved biosystem (from KEGG)
      Non-alcoholic fatty liver disease (NAFLD), conserved biosystemNon-alcoholic fatty liver disease (NAFLD) represents a spectrum ranging from simple steatosis to more severe steatohepatitis with hepatic inflammation and fibrosis, known as nonalcoholic steatohepati...
    • PERK regulates gene expression, organism-specific biosystem (from REACTOME)
      PERK regulates gene expression, organism-specific biosystemPERK (EIF2AK3) is a single-pass transmembrane protein located in the endoplasmic reticulum (ER) membrane such that the N-terminus of PERK is luminal and the C-terminus is cytosolic. PERK is maintaine...
    • PI3K-Akt signaling pathway, organism-specific biosystem (from KEGG)
      PI3K-Akt signaling pathway, organism-specific biosystemThe phosphatidylinositol 3' -kinase(PI3K)-Akt signaling pathway is activated by many types of cellular stimuli or toxic insults and regulates fundamental cellular functions such as transcription, tra...
    • PI3K-Akt signaling pathway, conserved biosystem (from KEGG)
      PI3K-Akt signaling pathway, conserved biosystemThe phosphatidylinositol 3' -kinase(PI3K)-Akt signaling pathway is activated by many types of cellular stimuli or toxic insults and regulates fundamental cellular functions such as transcription, tra...
    • Photodynamic therapy-induced unfolded protein response, organism-specific biosystem (from WikiPathways)
      Photodynamic therapy-induced unfolded protein response, organism-specific biosystemPhotodynamic therapy may induce a proteotoxic stress response mediated by transcription factors heat shock factor 1 (HSF1), X-box binding protein 1 (XBP1), activating transcription factor (ATF) 6, an...
    • Prostate cancer, organism-specific biosystem (from KEGG)
      Prostate cancer, organism-specific biosystemProstate cancer constitutes a major health problem in Western countries. It is the most frequently diagnosed cancer among men and the second leading cause of male cancer deaths. The identification of...
    • Prostate cancer, conserved biosystem (from KEGG)
      Prostate cancer, conserved biosystemProstate cancer constitutes a major health problem in Western countries. It is the most frequently diagnosed cancer among men and the second leading cause of male cancer deaths. The identification of...
    • Protein processing in endoplasmic reticulum, organism-specific biosystem (from KEGG)
      Protein processing in endoplasmic reticulum, organism-specific biosystemThe endoplasmic reticulum (ER) is a subcellular organelle where proteins are folded with the help of lumenal chaperones. Newly synthesized peptides enter the ER via the sec61 pore and are glycosylate...
    • Protein processing in endoplasmic reticulum, conserved biosystem (from KEGG)
      Protein processing in endoplasmic reticulum, conserved biosystemThe endoplasmic reticulum (ER) is a subcellular organelle where proteins are folded with the help of lumenal chaperones. Newly synthesized peptides enter the ER via the sec61 pore and are glycosylate...
    • TNF signaling pathway, organism-specific biosystem (from KEGG)
      TNF signaling pathway, organism-specific biosystemTumor necrosis factor (TNF), as a critical cytokine, can induce a wide range of intracellular signal pathways including apoptosis and cell survival as well as inflammation and immunity. Activated TNF...
    • TNF signaling pathway, conserved biosystem (from KEGG)
      TNF signaling pathway, conserved biosystemTumor necrosis factor (TNF), as a critical cytokine, can induce a wide range of intracellular signal pathways including apoptosis and cell survival as well as inflammation and immunity. Activated TNF...
    • Thyroid hormone synthesis, organism-specific biosystem (from KEGG)
      Thyroid hormone synthesis, organism-specific biosystemThyroid hormones triiodothyronine (T3) and thyroxine (T4) are essential for normal development, growth and metabolic homeostasis in all vertebrates, and synthesized in the thyroid gland. The function...
    • Thyroid hormone synthesis, conserved biosystem (from KEGG)
      Thyroid hormone synthesis, conserved biosystemThyroid hormones triiodothyronine (T3) and thyroxine (T4) are essential for normal development, growth and metabolic homeostasis in all vertebrates, and synthesized in the thyroid gland. The function...
    • Unfolded Protein Response (UPR), organism-specific biosystem (from REACTOME)
      Unfolded Protein Response (UPR), organism-specific biosystemThe Unfolded Protein Response (UPR) is a regulatory system that protects the Endoplasmic Reticulum (ER) from overload. The UPR is provoked by the accumulation of improperly folded protein in the ER d...
    • Viral carcinogenesis, organism-specific biosystem (from KEGG)
      Viral carcinogenesis, organism-specific biosystemThere is a strong association between viruses and the development of human malignancies. We now know that at least six human viruses, Epstein-Barr virus (EBV), hepatitis B virus (HBV), hepatitis C vi...
    • Viral carcinogenesis, conserved biosystem (from KEGG)
      Viral carcinogenesis, conserved biosystemThere is a strong association between viruses and the development of human malignancies. We now know that at least six human viruses, Epstein-Barr virus (EBV), hepatitis B virus (HBV), hepatitis C vi...
    • cGMP-PKG signaling pathway, organism-specific biosystem (from KEGG)
      cGMP-PKG signaling pathway, organism-specific biosystemCyclic GMP (cGMP) is the intracellular second messenger that mediates the action of nitric oxide (NO) and natriuretic peptides (NPs), regulating a broad array of physiologic processes. The elevated i...
    • cGMP-PKG signaling pathway, conserved biosystem (from KEGG)
      cGMP-PKG signaling pathway, conserved biosystemCyclic GMP (cGMP) is the intracellular second messenger that mediates the action of nitric oxide (NO) and natriuretic peptides (NPs), regulating a broad array of physiologic processes. The elevated i...
    Products Interactant Other Gene Complex Source Pubs Description

    Markers

    Homology

    Gene Ontology Provided by GOA

    Function Evidence Code Pubs
    DNA binding IDA
    Inferred from Direct Assay
    more info
    PubMed 
    DNA binding ISS
    Inferred from Sequence or Structural Similarity
    more info
     
    RNA polymerase II core promoter proximal region sequence-specific DNA binding IEA
    Inferred from Electronic Annotation
    more info
     
    RNA polymerase II transcription factor activity, sequence-specific DNA binding IC
    Inferred by Curator
    more info
    PubMed 
    RNA polymerase II transcription factor activity, sequence-specific DNA binding IDA
    Inferred from Direct Assay
    more info
    PubMed 
    RNA polymerase II transcription factor binding IPI
    Inferred from Physical Interaction
    more info
    PubMed 
    core promoter sequence-specific DNA binding ISS
    Inferred from Sequence or Structural Similarity
    more info
     
    leucine zipper domain binding IDA
    Inferred from Direct Assay
    more info
    PubMed 
    protein C-terminus binding IEA
    Inferred from Electronic Annotation
    more info
     
    protein binding IPI
    Inferred from Physical Interaction
    more info
    PubMed 
    protein heterodimerization activity NAS
    Non-traceable Author Statement
    more info
    PubMed 
    sequence-specific DNA binding IDA
    Inferred from Direct Assay
    more info
    PubMed 
    transcription factor activity, RNA polymerase II transcription factor binding IC
    Inferred by Curator
    more info
    PubMed 
    transcription factor activity, sequence-specific DNA binding ISS
    Inferred from Sequence or Structural Similarity
    more info
     
    transcription factor activity, sequence-specific DNA binding TAS
    Traceable Author Statement
    more info
    PubMed 
    transcription regulatory region DNA binding IDA
    Inferred from Direct Assay
    more info
    PubMed 
    contributes_to transcription regulatory region DNA binding IDA
    Inferred from Direct Assay
    more info
    PubMed 
    transcription regulatory region DNA binding TAS
    Traceable Author Statement
    more info
    PubMed 
    transcriptional activator activity, RNA polymerase II core promoter proximal region sequence-specific binding IEA
    Inferred from Electronic Annotation
    more info
     
    Process Evidence Code Pubs
    PERK-mediated unfolded protein response TAS
    Traceable Author Statement
    more info
    PubMed 
    cellular amino acid metabolic process TAS
    Traceable Author Statement
    more info
    PubMed 
    cellular response to UV ISS
    Inferred from Sequence or Structural Similarity
    more info
     
    cellular response to amino acid starvation ISS
    Inferred from Sequence or Structural Similarity
    more info
     
    cellular response to dopamine IMP
    Inferred from Mutant Phenotype
    more info
    PubMed 
    cellular response to glucose starvation IMP
    Inferred from Mutant Phenotype
    more info
    PubMed 
    circadian regulation of gene expression ISS
    Inferred from Sequence or Structural Similarity
    more info
     
    gamma-aminobutyric acid signaling pathway IEA
    Inferred from Electronic Annotation
    more info
     
    gluconeogenesis ISS
    Inferred from Sequence or Structural Similarity
    more info
     
    intrinsic apoptotic signaling pathway in response to endoplasmic reticulum stress ISS
    Inferred from Sequence or Structural Similarity
    more info
     
    mRNA transcription from RNA polymerase II promoter ISS
    Inferred from Sequence or Structural Similarity
    more info
     
    negative regulation of oxidative stress-induced neuron death IGI
    Inferred from Genetic Interaction
    more info
    PubMed 
    negative regulation of potassium ion transport IEA
    Inferred from Electronic Annotation
    more info
     
    negative regulation of translational initiation in response to stress ISS
    Inferred from Sequence or Structural Similarity
    more info
     
    positive regulation of apoptotic process TAS
    Traceable Author Statement
    more info
    PubMed 
    positive regulation of gene expression IMP
    Inferred from Mutant Phenotype
    more info
    PubMed 
    positive regulation of neuron apoptotic process ISS
    Inferred from Sequence or Structural Similarity
    more info
     
    positive regulation of transcription from RNA polymerase I promoter IMP
    Inferred from Mutant Phenotype
    more info
    PubMed 
    positive regulation of transcription from RNA polymerase II promoter IDA
    Inferred from Direct Assay
    more info
    PubMed 
    positive regulation of transcription from RNA polymerase II promoter IMP
    Inferred from Mutant Phenotype
    more info
    PubMed 
    positive regulation of transcription from RNA polymerase II promoter ISS
    Inferred from Sequence or Structural Similarity
    more info
     
    positive regulation of transcription from RNA polymerase II promoter in response to arsenic-containing substance TAS
    Traceable Author Statement
    more info
    PubMed 
    positive regulation of transcription from RNA polymerase II promoter in response to endoplasmic reticulum stress IDA
    Inferred from Direct Assay
    more info
    PubMed 
    positive regulation of transcription from RNA polymerase II promoter in response to endoplasmic reticulum stress IMP
    Inferred from Mutant Phenotype
    more info
    PubMed 
    positive regulation of transcription from RNA polymerase II promoter in response to oxidative stress IMP
    Inferred from Mutant Phenotype
    more info
    PubMed 
    positive regulation of transcription from RNA polymerase II promoter in response to oxidative stress ISS
    Inferred from Sequence or Structural Similarity
    more info
    PubMed 
    positive regulation of transcription from RNA polymerase II promoter in response to stress IC
    Inferred by Curator
    more info
    PubMed 
    positive regulation of transcription, DNA-templated IDA
    Inferred from Direct Assay
    more info
    PubMed 
    positive regulation of transcription, DNA-templated IMP
    Inferred from Mutant Phenotype
    more info
    PubMed 
    positive regulation of transcription, DNA-templated ISS
    Inferred from Sequence or Structural Similarity
    more info
     
    positive regulation of transcription, DNA-templated NAS
    Non-traceable Author Statement
    more info
    PubMed 
    positive regulation of vascular endothelial growth factor production IMP
    Inferred from Mutant Phenotype
    more info
    PubMed 
    regulation of transcription, DNA-templated ISS
    Inferred from Sequence or Structural Similarity
    more info
     
    response to endoplasmic reticulum stress IDA
    Inferred from Direct Assay
    more info
    PubMed 
    response to endoplasmic reticulum stress IMP
    Inferred from Mutant Phenotype
    more info
    PubMed 
    response to manganese-induced endoplasmic reticulum stress IEA
    Inferred from Electronic Annotation
    more info
     
    transcription from RNA polymerase II promoter ISS
    Inferred from Sequence or Structural Similarity
    more info
     
    Component Evidence Code Pubs
    ATF1-ATF4 transcription factor complex IDA
    Inferred from Direct Assay
    more info
    PubMed 
    ATF4-CREB1 transcription factor complex IDA
    Inferred from Direct Assay
    more info
    PubMed 
    CHOP-ATF4 complex IDA
    Inferred from Direct Assay
    more info
    PubMed 
    CHOP-ATF4 complex IPI
    Inferred from Physical Interaction
    more info
    PubMed 
    CHOP-ATF4 complex NAS
    Non-traceable Author Statement
    more info
    PubMed 
    Lewy body core IDA
    Inferred from Direct Assay
    more info
    PubMed 
    cytoplasm IDA
    Inferred from Direct Assay
    more info
    PubMed 
    cytoplasm ISS
    Inferred from Sequence or Structural Similarity
    more info
     
    dendrite membrane IEA
    Inferred from Electronic Annotation
    more info
     
    microtubule organizing center IEA
    Inferred from Electronic Annotation
    more info
     
    neuron projection IDA
    Inferred from Direct Assay
    more info
    PubMed 
    nuclear periphery IDA
    Inferred from Direct Assay
    more info
    PubMed 
    nucleoplasm TAS
    Traceable Author Statement
    more info
     
    nucleus IDA
    Inferred from Direct Assay
    more info
    PubMed 
    nucleus ISS
    Inferred from Sequence or Structural Similarity
    more info
     
    Preferred Names
    cyclic AMP-dependent transcription factor ATF-4
    Names
    DNA-binding protein TAXREB67
    cAMP response element-binding protein 2
    cAMP-dependent transcription factor ATF-4
    cAMP-responsive element-binding protein 2
    cyclic AMP-responsive element-binding protein 2
    tax-responsive enhancer element B67
    tax-responsive enhancer element-binding protein 67

    RefSeqs maintained independently of Annotated Genomes

    These reference sequences exist independently of genome builds. Explain

    These reference sequences are curated independently of the genome annotation cycle, so their versions may not match the RefSeq versions in the current genome build. Identify version mismatches by comparing the version of the RefSeq in this section to the one reported in Genomic regions, transcripts, and products above.

    mRNA and Protein(s)

    1. NM_001675.4NP_001666.2  cyclic AMP-dependent transcription factor ATF-4

      See identical proteins and their annotated locations for NP_001666.2

      Status: REVIEWED

      Description
      Transcript Variant: This variant (1) represents the longer transcript. The protein translation of this variant is regulated by an internal ribosome entry site (PMID: 23665047). Both variants 1 and 2 encode the same protein.
      Source sequence(s)
      AL022312, BC011994, D90209
      Consensus CDS
      CCDS13996.1
      UniProtKB/Swiss-Prot
      P18848
      UniProtKB/TrEMBL
      Q96AQ3
      Related
      ENSP00000336790, OTTHUMP00000199131, ENST00000337304, OTTHUMT00000321305
      Conserved Domains (1) summary
      cd14692
      Location:279341
      bZIP_ATF4; Basic leucine zipper (bZIP) domain of Activating Transcription Factor-4 (ATF-4) and similar proteins: a DNA-binding and dimerization domain
    2. NM_182810.2NP_877962.1  cyclic AMP-dependent transcription factor ATF-4

      See identical proteins and their annotated locations for NP_877962.1

      Status: REVIEWED

      Description
      Transcript Variant: This variant (2) lacks an internal segment in the 5' UTR, compared to variant 1. The protein translation of this variant is regulated by two upstream open reading frames (PMID: 15277680). Both variants 1 and 2 encode the same protein.
      Source sequence(s)
      AK057751, BC024775
      Consensus CDS
      CCDS13996.1
      UniProtKB/Swiss-Prot
      P18848
      UniProtKB/TrEMBL
      Q96AQ3
      Related
      ENSP00000379912, ENST00000396680
      Conserved Domains (1) summary
      cd14692
      Location:279341
      bZIP_ATF4; Basic leucine zipper (bZIP) domain of Activating Transcription Factor-4 (ATF-4) and similar proteins: a DNA-binding and dimerization domain

    RefSeqs of Annotated Genomes: Homo sapiens Annotation Release 108 details...Open this link in a new tab

    The following sections contain reference sequences that belong to a specific genome build. Explain

    Reference GRCh38.p7 Primary Assembly

    Genomic

    1. NC_000022.11 Reference GRCh38.p7 Primary Assembly

      Range
      39519709..39522686
      Download
      GenBank, FASTA, Sequence Viewer (Graphics)

    mRNA and Protein(s)

    1. XM_017028807.1XP_016884296.1  cyclic AMP-dependent transcription factor ATF-4 isoform X1

      UniProtKB/Swiss-Prot
      P18848
      UniProtKB/TrEMBL
      Q96AQ3
      Related
      ENSP00000384587, OTTHUMP00000199130, ENST00000404241, OTTHUMT00000321304
      Conserved Domains (1) summary
      cd14692
      Location:279341
      bZIP_ATF4; Basic leucine zipper (bZIP) domain of Activating Transcription Factor-4 (ATF-4) and similar proteins: a DNA-binding and dimerization domain

    Alternate CHM1_1.1

    Genomic

    1. NC_018933.2 Alternate CHM1_1.1

      Range
      39875303..39877431
      Download
      GenBank, FASTA, Sequence Viewer (Graphics)
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