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    HIST3H3 histone cluster 3 H3 [ Homo sapiens (human) ]

    Gene ID: 8290, updated on 17-Jun-2019

    Summary

    Official Symbol
    HIST3H3provided by HGNC
    Official Full Name
    histone cluster 3 H3provided by HGNC
    Primary source
    HGNC:HGNC:4778
    See related
    Ensembl:ENSG00000168148 MIM:602820
    Gene type
    protein coding
    RefSeq status
    REVIEWED
    Organism
    Homo sapiens
    Lineage
    Eukaryota; Metazoa; Chordata; Craniata; Vertebrata; Euteleostomi; Mammalia; Eutheria; Euarchontoglires; Primates; Haplorrhini; Catarrhini; Hominidae; Homo
    Also known as
    H3t; H3.4; H3/g; H3FT
    Summary
    Histones are basic nuclear proteins that are responsible for the nucleosome structure of the chromosomal fiber in eukaryotes. Nucleosomes consist of approximately 146 bp of DNA wrapped around a histone octamer composed of pairs of each of the four core histones (H2A, H2B, H3, and H4). The chromatin fiber is further compacted through the interaction of a linker histone, H1, with the DNA between the nucleosomes to form higher order chromatin structures. This gene is intronless and encodes a replication-dependent histone that is a member of the histone H3 family. Transcripts from this gene lack polyA tails; instead, they contain a palindromic termination element. This gene is located separately from the other H3 genes that are in the histone gene cluster on chromosome 6p22-p21.3. [provided by RefSeq, Aug 2015]
    Orthologs

    Genomic context

    See HIST3H3 in Genome Data Viewer
    Location:
    1q42.13
    Exon count:
    1
    Annotation release Status Assembly Chr Location
    109.20190607 current GRCh38.p13 (GCF_000001405.39) 1 NC_000001.11 (228424845..228425325, complement)
    105 previous assembly GRCh37.p13 (GCF_000001405.25) 1 NC_000001.10 (228612546..228613026, complement)

    Chromosome 1 - NC_000001.11Genomic Context describing neighboring genes Neighboring gene tripartite motif containing 11 Neighboring gene microRNA 6742 Neighboring gene tripartite motif containing 17 Neighboring gene ribosomal protein L23a pseudogene 15 Neighboring gene histone cluster 3 H2A

    Genomic regions, transcripts, and products

    Bibliography

    GeneRIFs: Gene References Into FunctionsWhat's a GeneRIF?

    HIV-1 interactions

    Protein interactions

    Protein Gene Interaction Pubs
    Rev rev HIV-1 Rev co-localizes with histone H3 in the nucleoplasmic compartment of cells PubMed
    Tat tat Phosphorylation of serine 10 in histone H3 at the HIV promoter is increased in the presence of HIV-1 Tat PubMed
    tat Purified recombinant Tat and Tat-derived synthetic peptides derived from the p300- and PCAF-binding sites in Tat inhibit histone H3/H4 acetylation in vitro PubMed
    tat HIV-1 Tat peptides bind core histones H2A, H2B, H3 and H4, and Tat protein recruits histone acetyltransferases to the HIV-1 LTR promoter leading to acetylation of histones H3 and H4, derepressing chromatin structure and increasing NFkappaB responsiveness PubMed

    Go to the HIV-1, Human Interaction Database

    Pathways from BioSystems

    • Alcoholism, organism-specific biosystem (from KEGG)
      Alcoholism, organism-specific biosystemAlcoholism, also called dependence on alcohol (ethanol), is a chronic relapsing disorder that is progressive and has serious detrimental health outcomes. As one of the primary mediators of the reward...
    • Alcoholism, conserved biosystem (from KEGG)
      Alcoholism, conserved biosystemAlcoholism, also called dependence on alcohol (ethanol), is a chronic relapsing disorder that is progressive and has serious detrimental health outcomes. As one of the primary mediators of the reward...
    • Cell Cycle, organism-specific biosystem (from REACTOME)
      Cell Cycle, organism-specific biosystem
      Cell Cycle
    • Cell Cycle Checkpoints, organism-specific biosystem (from REACTOME)
      Cell Cycle Checkpoints, organism-specific biosystemA hallmark of the human cell cycle in normal somatic cells is its precision. This remarkable fidelity is achieved by a number of signal transduction pathways, known as checkpoints, which monitor cell...
    • Cell Cycle, Mitotic, organism-specific biosystem (from REACTOME)
      Cell Cycle, Mitotic, organism-specific biosystemThe replication of the genome and the subsequent segregation of chromosomes into daughter cells are controlled by a series of events collectively known as the cell cycle. DNA replication is carried o...
    • Cellular Senescence, organism-specific biosystem (from REACTOME)
      Cellular Senescence, organism-specific biosystemCellular senescence involves irreversible growth arrest accompanied by phenotypic changes such as enlarged morphology, reorganization of chromatin through formation of senescence-associated heterochr...
    • Cellular responses to stress, organism-specific biosystem (from REACTOME)
      Cellular responses to stress, organism-specific biosystemCells are subject to external molecular and physical stresses such as foreign molecules that perturb metabolic or signaling processes, and changes in temperature or pH. The ability of cells and tissu...
    • Chromosome Maintenance, organism-specific biosystem (from REACTOME)
      Chromosome Maintenance, organism-specific biosystemChromosome maintenance is critical for stable chromosome function in mammalian and other eukaryotic cells. Aspects of telomere maintenance and nucleosome assembly are covered here.
    • Condensation of Prophase Chromosomes, organism-specific biosystem (from REACTOME)
      Condensation of Prophase Chromosomes, organism-specific biosystemIn mitotic prophase, the action of the condensin II complex enables initial chromosome condensation.The condensin II complex subunit NCAPD3 binds monomethylated histone H4 (H4K20me1), thereby associa...
    • DNA Damage/Telomere Stress Induced Senescence, organism-specific biosystem (from REACTOME)
      DNA Damage/Telomere Stress Induced Senescence, organism-specific biosystemReactive oxygen species (ROS), whose concentration increases in senescent cells due to oncogenic RAS-induced mitochondrial dysfunction (Moiseeva et al. 2009) or due to environmental stress, cause DNA...
    • DNA Double Strand Break Response, organism-specific biosystem (from REACTOME)
      DNA Double Strand Break Response, organism-specific biosystemDNA double strand break (DSB) response involves sensing of DNA DSBs by the MRN complex which triggers ATM activation. ATM phosphorylates a number of proteins involved in DNA damage checkpoint signali...
    • DNA Double-Strand Break Repair, organism-specific biosystem (from REACTOME)
      DNA Double-Strand Break Repair, organism-specific biosystemNumerous types of DNA damage can occur within a cell due to the endogenous production of oxygen free radicals, normal alkylation reactions, or exposure to exogenous radiations and chemicals. Double-s...
    • DNA Repair, organism-specific biosystem (from REACTOME)
      DNA Repair, organism-specific biosystemDNA repair is a phenomenal multi-enzyme, multi-pathway system required to ensure the integrity of the cellular genome. Living organisms are constantly exposed to harmful metabolic by-products, enviro...
    • Follicle Stimulating Hormone (FSH) signaling pathway, organism-specific biosystem (from WikiPathways)
      Follicle Stimulating Hormone (FSH) signaling pathway, organism-specific biosystemThe Follicle Stimulating Hormone (FSH) is an anterior pituitary gonadotropin belonging to the family of glycoprotein hormones that includes thyroid stimulating hormone (TSH), Leutinizing Hormone (LH)...
    • Formation of the beta-catenin:TCF transactivating complex, organism-specific biosystem (from REACTOME)
      Formation of the beta-catenin:TCF transactivating complex, organism-specific biosystemOnce in the nucleus, beta-catenin is recruited to WNT target genes through interaction with TCF/LEF transcription factors. This family, which consists of TCF7 (also known as TCF1), TCF7L1 (also known...
    • G2/M Checkpoints, organism-specific biosystem (from REACTOME)
      G2/M Checkpoints, organism-specific biosystemG2/M checkpoints include the checks for damaged DNA, unreplicated DNA, and checks that ensure that the genome is replicated once and only once per cell cycle. If cells pass these checkpoints, they f...
    • G2/M DNA damage checkpoint, organism-specific biosystem (from REACTOME)
      G2/M DNA damage checkpoint, organism-specific biosystemThroughout the cell cycle, the genome is constantly monitored for damage, resulting either from errors of replication, by-products of metabolism or through extrinsic sources such as ultra-violet or i...
    • HDR through Homologous Recombination (HR) or Single Strand Annealing (SSA), organism-specific biosystem (from REACTOME)
      HDR through Homologous Recombination (HR) or Single Strand Annealing (SSA), organism-specific biosystemHomology directed repair (HDR) of replication-independent DNA double strand breaks (DSBs) via homologous recombination repair (HRR) or single strand annealing (SSA) requires the activation of ATM fol...
    • Homology Directed Repair, organism-specific biosystem (from REACTOME)
      Homology Directed Repair, organism-specific biosystemHomology directed repair (HDR) of DNA double strand breaks (DSBs) requires resection of DNA DSB ends. Resection creates 3'-ssDNA overhangs which then anneal with a homologous DNA sequence. This homol...
    • M Phase, organism-specific biosystem (from REACTOME)
      M Phase, organism-specific biosystemMitosis, or the M phase, involves nuclear division and cytokinesis, where two identical daughter cells are produced. Mitosis involves prophase, prometaphase, metaphase, anaphase, and telophase. Fin...
    • Meiosis, organism-specific biosystem (from REACTOME)
      Meiosis, organism-specific biosystemDuring meiosis the replicated chromosomes of a single diploid cell are segregated into 4 haploid daughter cells by two successive divisions, meiosis I and meiosis II. In meiosis I, the distinguishing...
    • Meiotic recombination, organism-specific biosystem (from REACTOME)
      Meiotic recombination, organism-specific biosystemMeiotic recombination exchanges segments of duplex DNA between chromosomal homologs, generating genetic diversity (reviewed in Handel and Schimenti 2010, Inagaki et al. 2010, Cohen et al. 2006). Ther...
    • Meiotic synapsis, organism-specific biosystem (from REACTOME)
      Meiotic synapsis, organism-specific biosystemMeiotic synapsis is the stable physical pairing of homologous chromosomes that begins in leptonema of prophase I and lasts until anaphase of prophase I. First, short segments of axial elements form a...
    • Mitotic Prophase, organism-specific biosystem (from REACTOME)
      Mitotic Prophase, organism-specific biosystemDuring prophase, the chromatin in the nucleus condenses, and the nucleolus disappears. Centrioles begin moving to the opposite poles or sides of the cell. Some of the fibers that extend from the cen...
    • Nonhomologous End-Joining (NHEJ), organism-specific biosystem (from REACTOME)
      Nonhomologous End-Joining (NHEJ), organism-specific biosystemThe nonhomologous end joining (NHEJ) pathway is initiated in response to the formation of DNA double-strand breaks (DSBs) induced by DNA-damaging agents, such as ionizing radiation. DNA DSBs are reco...
    • Packaging Of Telomere Ends, organism-specific biosystem (from REACTOME)
      Packaging Of Telomere Ends, organism-specific biosystemMultiple steps, including C-strand resection, telomerase-mediated elongation, and C-strand synthesis are involved in processing and maintaining the telomere. Though this module posits a linear trans...
    • Processing of DNA double-strand break ends, organism-specific biosystem (from REACTOME)
      Processing of DNA double-strand break ends, organism-specific biosystemHomology directed repair (HDR) through homologous recombination (HRR) or single strand annealing (SSA) requires extensive resection of DNA double strand break (DSB) ends (Thompson and Limoli 2003, Ci...
    • Recruitment and ATM-mediated phosphorylation of repair and signaling proteins at DNA double strand breaks, organism-specific biosystem (from REACTOME)
      Recruitment and ATM-mediated phosphorylation of repair and signaling proteins at DNA double strand breaks, organism-specific biosystemActivated ATM phosphorylates a number of proteins involved in the DNA damage checkpoint and DNA repair (Thompson and Schild 2002, Ciccia and Elledge 2010), thereby triggering and coordinating accumul...
    • Signal Transduction, organism-specific biosystem (from REACTOME)
      Signal Transduction, organism-specific biosystemSignal transduction is a process in which extracellular signals elicit changes in cell state and activity. Transmembrane receptors sense changes in the cellular environment by binding ligands, such a...
    • Signaling by Wnt, organism-specific biosystem (from REACTOME)
      Signaling by Wnt, organism-specific biosystemWNT signaling pathways control a wide range of developmental and adult process in metozoans including cell proliferation, cell fate decisions, cell polarity and stem cell maintenance (reviewed in Sai...
    • Systemic lupus erythematosus, organism-specific biosystem (from KEGG)
      Systemic lupus erythematosus, organism-specific biosystemSystemic lupus erythematosus (SLE) is a prototypic autoimmune disease characterised by the production of IgG autoantibodies that are specific for self-antigens, such as DNA, nuclear proteins and cert...
    • Systemic lupus erythematosus, conserved biosystem (from KEGG)
      Systemic lupus erythematosus, conserved biosystemSystemic lupus erythematosus (SLE) is a prototypic autoimmune disease characterised by the production of IgG autoantibodies that are specific for self-antigens, such as DNA, nuclear proteins and cert...
    • TCF dependent signaling in response to WNT, organism-specific biosystem (from REACTOME)
      TCF dependent signaling in response to WNT, organism-specific biosystem19 WNT ligands and 10 FZD receptors have been identified in human cells; interactions amongst these ligands and receptors vary in a developmental and tissue-specific manner and lead to activation of ...
    • Telomere Maintenance, organism-specific biosystem (from REACTOME)
      Telomere Maintenance, organism-specific biosystemTelomeres are protein-DNA complexes at the ends of linear chromosomes that are important for genome stability. Telomeric DNA in humans, as in many eukaryotic organisms, consists of tandem repeats (B...
    • Transcriptional misregulation in cancer, organism-specific biosystem (from KEGG)
      Transcriptional misregulation in cancer, organism-specific biosystem
      Transcriptional misregulation in cancer
    • Transcriptional misregulation in cancer, conserved biosystem (from KEGG)
      Transcriptional misregulation in cancer, conserved biosystem
      Transcriptional misregulation in cancer

    Interactions

    Products Interactant Other Gene Complex Source Pubs Description

    General gene information

    Markers

    Homology

    Clone Names

    • MGC126886, MGC126888

    Gene Ontology Provided by GOA

    Function Evidence Code Pubs
    nucleosomal DNA binding IBA
    Inferred from Biological aspect of Ancestor
    more info
    PubMed 
    protein binding IPI
    Inferred from Physical Interaction
    more info
    PubMed 
    protein heterodimerization activity IEA
    Inferred from Electronic Annotation
    more info
     
    Process Evidence Code Pubs
    double-strand break repair via nonhomologous end joining TAS
    Traceable Author Statement
    more info
     
    negative regulation of protein oligomerization IMP
    Inferred from Mutant Phenotype
    more info
    PubMed 
    nucleosome assembly IDA
    Inferred from Direct Assay
    more info
    PubMed 
    nucleosome assembly IMP
    Inferred from Mutant Phenotype
    more info
    PubMed 
    protein heterotetramerization IDA
    Inferred from Direct Assay
    more info
    PubMed 
    telomere capping TAS
    Traceable Author Statement
    more info
     
    Component Evidence Code Pubs
    extracellular exosome HDA PubMed 
    nuclear chromosome, telomeric region HDA PubMed 
    nuclear nucleosome IDA
    Inferred from Direct Assay
    more info
    PubMed 
    nucleoplasm TAS
    Traceable Author Statement
    more info
     
    nucleosome IBA
    Inferred from Biological aspect of Ancestor
    more info
    PubMed 
    nucleosome IDA
    Inferred from Direct Assay
    more info
    PubMed 
    nucleus HDA PubMed 
    nucleus IBA
    Inferred from Biological aspect of Ancestor
    more info
    PubMed 

    General protein information

    Preferred Names
    histone H3.1t
    Names
    H3 histone family, member T
    H3/t
    histone 3, H3

    NCBI Reference Sequences (RefSeq)

    RefSeqs maintained independently of Annotated Genomes

    These reference sequences exist independently of genome builds. Explain

    These reference sequences are curated independently of the genome annotation cycle, so their versions may not match the RefSeq versions in the current genome build. Identify version mismatches by comparing the version of the RefSeq in this section to the one reported in Genomic regions, transcripts, and products above.

    mRNA and Protein(s)

    1. NM_003493.2NP_003484.1  histone H3.1t

      See identical proteins and their annotated locations for NP_003484.1

      Status: REVIEWED

      Source sequence(s)
      Z49861
      Consensus CDS
      CCDS1572.1
      UniProtKB/Swiss-Prot
      Q16695
      Related
      ENSP00000355657.1, ENST00000366696.1
      Conserved Domains (1) summary
      PTZ00018
      Location:1136
      PTZ00018; histone H3; Provisional

    RefSeqs of Annotated Genomes: Homo sapiens Annotation Release 109

    The following sections contain reference sequences that belong to a specific genome build. Explain

    Reference GRCh38.p13 Primary Assembly

    Genomic

    1. NC_000001.11 Reference GRCh38.p13 Primary Assembly

      Range
      228424845..228425325 complement
      Download
      GenBank, FASTA, Sequence Viewer (Graphics)

    Reference GRCh38.p13 PATCHES

    Genomic

    1. NW_018654708.1 Reference GRCh38.p13 PATCHES

      Range
      16044..16524 complement
      Download
      GenBank, FASTA, Sequence Viewer (Graphics)
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