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    GRIN2C glutamate ionotropic receptor NMDA type subunit 2C [ Homo sapiens (human) ]

    Gene ID: 2905, updated on 10-Dec-2019

    Summary

    Official Symbol
    GRIN2Cprovided by HGNC
    Official Full Name
    glutamate ionotropic receptor NMDA type subunit 2Cprovided by HGNC
    Primary source
    HGNC:HGNC:4587
    See related
    Ensembl:ENSG00000161509 MIM:138254
    Gene type
    protein coding
    RefSeq status
    REVIEWED
    Organism
    Homo sapiens
    Lineage
    Eukaryota; Metazoa; Chordata; Craniata; Vertebrata; Euteleostomi; Mammalia; Eutheria; Euarchontoglires; Primates; Haplorrhini; Catarrhini; Hominidae; Homo
    Also known as
    NR2C; GluN2C; NMDAR2C
    Summary
    This gene encodes a subunit of the N-methyl-D-aspartate (NMDA) receptor, which is a subtype of ionotropic glutamate receptor. NMDA receptors are found in the central nervous system, are permeable to cations and have an important role in physiological processes such as learning, memory, and synaptic development. The receptor is a tetramer of different subunits (typically heterodimer of subunit 1 with one or more of subunits 2A-D), forming a channel that is permeable to calcium, potassium, and sodium, and whose properties are determined by subunit composition. Alterations in the subunit composition of the receptor are associated with pathophysiological conditions such as Parkinson's disease, Alzheimer's disease, depression, and schizophrenia. Alternative splicing results in multiple transcript variants. [provided by RefSeq, Jun 2013]
    Expression
    Biased expression in thyroid (RPKM 3.2), brain (RPKM 2.5) and 6 other tissues See more
    Orthologs

    Genomic context

    See GRIN2C in Genome Data Viewer
    Location:
    17q25.1
    Exon count:
    15
    Annotation release Status Assembly Chr Location
    109.20191205 current GRCh38.p13 (GCF_000001405.39) 17 NC_000017.11 (74842021..74860843, complement)
    105 previous assembly GRCh37.p13 (GCF_000001405.25) 17 NC_000017.10 (72838162..72856966, complement)

    Chromosome 17 - NC_000017.11Genomic Context describing neighboring genes Neighboring gene N-acetyltransferase 9 (putative) Neighboring gene transmembrane protein 104 Neighboring gene Sharpr-MPRA regulatory region 86 Neighboring gene ferredoxin reductase

    Genomic regions, transcripts, and products

    Expression

    • Project title: HPA RNA-seq normal tissues
    • Description: RNA-seq was performed of tissue samples from 95 human individuals representing 27 different tissues in order to determine tissue-specificity of all protein-coding genes
    • BioProject: PRJEB4337
    • Publication: PMID 24309898
    • Analysis date: Wed Apr 4 07:08:55 2018

    Bibliography

    GeneRIFs: Gene References Into Functions

    What's a GeneRIF?

    HIV-1 interactions

    Protein interactions

    Protein Gene Interaction Pubs
    Envelope surface glycoprotein gp120 env HIV-1 gp120-induced dephosphorylation of KV2.1 is dependent on NMDA receptor-mediated activation of protein phosphatase 2B or calcineurin PubMed
    env HIV-1 gp120 activates forward trafficking and surface clustering of NMDA receptors in membrane microdomains by a PKA-dependent phosphorylation of the NR1 C-terminal Ser897, followed by a PKC-dependent phosphorylation of Ser896 PubMed
    env HIV-1 gp120-induced synapse loss requires sequential activation of CXCR4, IL-1beta receptor, and NMDA receptor PubMed
    env HIV-1 clade B gp120 significantly downregulates NMDA receptor gene and protein expression and levels of glutamine compared to clade C gp120 PubMed
    env HIV-1 gp120 activates NMDA receptor directly and phosphorylates JNK through a gp120-mediated apoptotic pathway in human neuroblastoma cells PubMed
    env HIV-1 gp120-mediated human cell death involves the NMDA receptor complex; antagonists of the NMDA receptor reverse the gp120-mediated effects PubMed
    env HIV-1 gp120 causes an activation of phospholipase A2, resulting in the increased release of arachidonic acid, which may sensitize the NMDA receptor PubMed
    env HIV-1 gp120 binds to cells expressing epsilon1/zeta1 or epsilon2/zeta1 combined NMDA receptor subunits, but not to cells expressing a single epsilon1, epsilon2, or zeta1 NMDA receptor subunit PubMed
    Tat tat The gene expression of GRIN2C is significantly upregulated in both clade B and clade C Tat treated SK-N-MC neuroblastoma cells PubMed
    tat Ca(2+) influx through the NMDA receptor is necessary for HIV-1 Tat-induced synapse loss PubMed
    tat HIV-1 Tat upregulates the expression of NMDARs for the apoptosis of retinal pigmen epithelium (RPE) cells. Silencing of NMDARs by siRNA abolishes Tat-induced RPE apoptosis PubMed
    tat HIV-1 Tat-induced activation of spermine oxidase (SMO) activity involves NMDAR stimulation in human neuroblastoma PubMed
    tat HIV-1 Tat and methamphetamine inhibit the normal conjunction of signaling between D1 and NMDA receptors, resulting in neural dysfunction and death PubMed
    tat HIV-1 Tat interacts with NMDA receptors in primary neuronal-glial cultures and in hippocampal slice cultures PubMed
    tat HIV-1 Tat treatment induces the formation of complexes involving the low-density lipoprotein receptor-related protein (LRP), postsynaptic density protein-95 (PSD-95), and N-methyl-d-aspartic acid (NMDA) receptors at the neuron surface PubMed
    tat Tat treatment causes activation of neuronal nitric oxide synthase (nNOS) through association with NMDA receptors PubMed
    tat HIV-1 Tat-induced NMDA receptor activation is clade dependent. The Cys 30-Cys 31 motif in Tat is critical for the NMDA receptor activation PubMed
    tat HIV-1 Tat induces apoptosis of neurons and neurotoxicity through the activation of both NMDA and non-NMDA receptors PubMed

    Go to the HIV-1, Human Interaction Database

    Pathways from BioSystems

    • ARMS-mediated activation, organism-specific biosystem (from REACTOME)
      ARMS-mediated activation, organism-specific biosystemARMS (Ankyrin-Rich Membrane Spanning/Kidins 220) is a 220kD tetraspanning adaptor protein which becomes rapidly tyrosine phosphorylated by active Trk receptors. ARMS is another adaptor protein which ...
    • Activation of NMDA receptor upon glutamate binding and postsynaptic events, organism-specific biosystem (from REACTOME)
      Activation of NMDA receptor upon glutamate binding and postsynaptic events, organism-specific biosystemNMDA receptors are a subtype of ionotropic glutamate receptors that are specifically activated by a glutamate agonist N-methyl-D-aspartate (NMDA). Activation of NMDA receptor involves opening of the ...
    • Alcoholism, organism-specific biosystem (from KEGG)
      Alcoholism, organism-specific biosystemAlcoholism, also called dependence on alcohol (ethanol), is a chronic relapsing disorder that is progressive and has serious detrimental health outcomes. As one of the primary mediators of the reward...
    • Alcoholism, conserved biosystem (from KEGG)
      Alcoholism, conserved biosystemAlcoholism, also called dependence on alcohol (ethanol), is a chronic relapsing disorder that is progressive and has serious detrimental health outcomes. As one of the primary mediators of the reward...
    • Alzheimer's disease, organism-specific biosystem (from KEGG)
      Alzheimer's disease, organism-specific biosystemAlzheimer's disease (AD) is a chronic disorder that slowly destroys neurons and causes serious cognitive disability. AD is associated with senile plaques and neurofibrillary tangles (NFTs). Amyloid-b...
    • Alzheimer's disease, conserved biosystem (from KEGG)
      Alzheimer's disease, conserved biosystemAlzheimer's disease (AD) is a chronic disorder that slowly destroys neurons and causes serious cognitive disability. AD is associated with senile plaques and neurofibrillary tangles (NFTs). Amyloid-b...
    • Alzheimers Disease, organism-specific biosystem (from WikiPathways)
      Alzheimers Disease, organism-specific biosystemThis pathway displays current genes, proteolytic events and other processes associated with the progression of Alzheimer's disease. This pathway was adapted from KEGG on 10/7/2011. Note: mitochondria...
    • Amphetamine addiction, organism-specific biosystem (from KEGG)
      Amphetamine addiction, organism-specific biosystemAmphetamine is a psychostimulant drug that exerts persistent addictive effects. Most addictive drugs increase extracellular concentrations of dopamine (DA) in nucleus accumbens (NAc) and medial prefr...
    • Amphetamine addiction, conserved biosystem (from KEGG)
      Amphetamine addiction, conserved biosystemAmphetamine is a psychostimulant drug that exerts persistent addictive effects. Most addictive drugs increase extracellular concentrations of dopamine (DA) in nucleus accumbens (NAc) and medial prefr...
    • Amyotrophic lateral sclerosis (ALS), organism-specific biosystem (from KEGG)
      Amyotrophic lateral sclerosis (ALS), organism-specific biosystemAmyotrophic lateral sclerosis (ALS) is a progressive, lethal, degenerative disorder of motor neurons. The hallmark of this disease is the selective death of motor neurons in the brain and spinal cord...
    • Amyotrophic lateral sclerosis (ALS), conserved biosystem (from KEGG)
      Amyotrophic lateral sclerosis (ALS), conserved biosystemAmyotrophic lateral sclerosis (ALS) is a progressive, lethal, degenerative disorder of motor neurons. The hallmark of this disease is the selective death of motor neurons in the brain and spinal cord...
    • Axon guidance, organism-specific biosystem (from REACTOME)
      Axon guidance, organism-specific biosystemAxon guidance / axon pathfinding is the process by which neurons send out axons to reach the correct targets. Growing axons have a highly motile structure at the growing tip called the growth cone, w...
    • CREB phosphorylation through the activation of CaMKII, organism-specific biosystem (from REACTOME)
      CREB phosphorylation through the activation of CaMKII, organism-specific biosystemCa2+ signal generated through NMDA receptor in the post-synaptic neuron activates adenylate cyclase signal transduction, leading to the activation of PKA and phosphorylation and activation of CREB-in...
    • CREB phosphorylation through the activation of Ras, organism-specific biosystem (from REACTOME)
      CREB phosphorylation through the activation of Ras, organism-specific biosystemCa2+ influx through the NMDA receptor initiates subsequent molecular pathways that have a defined role in establishing long-lasting synaptic changes. The molecular signaling initiated by a rise in Ca...
    • Calcium signaling pathway, organism-specific biosystem (from KEGG)
      Calcium signaling pathway, organism-specific biosystemCa2+ that enters the cell from the outside is a principal source of signal Ca2+. Entry of Ca2+ is driven by the presence of a large electrochemical gradient across the plasma membrane. Cells use this...
    • Calcium signaling pathway, conserved biosystem (from KEGG)
      Calcium signaling pathway, conserved biosystemCa2+ that enters the cell from the outside is a principal source of signal Ca2+. Entry of Ca2+ is driven by the presence of a large electrochemical gradient across the plasma membrane. Cells use this...
    • Circadian entrainment, organism-specific biosystem (from KEGG)
      Circadian entrainment, organism-specific biosystemCircadian entrainment is a fundamental property by which the period of the internal biological clock is entrained by recurring exogenous signals, such that the organism's endocrine and behavioral rhy...
    • Circadian entrainment, conserved biosystem (from KEGG)
      Circadian entrainment, conserved biosystemCircadian entrainment is a fundamental property by which the period of the internal biological clock is entrained by recurring exogenous signals, such that the organism's endocrine and behavioral rhy...
    • Cocaine addiction, organism-specific biosystem (from KEGG)
      Cocaine addiction, organism-specific biosystemDrug addiction is a chronic, relapsing disorder in which compulsive drug-seeking and drug-taking behavior persists despite serious negative consequences.There is strong evidence that the dopaminergic...
    • Cocaine addiction, conserved biosystem (from KEGG)
      Cocaine addiction, conserved biosystemDrug addiction is a chronic, relapsing disorder in which compulsive drug-seeking and drug-taking behavior persists despite serious negative consequences.There is strong evidence that the dopaminergic...
    • Cytokine Signaling in Immune system, organism-specific biosystem (from REACTOME)
      Cytokine Signaling in Immune system, organism-specific biosystemCytokines are small proteins that regulate and mediate immunity, inflammation, and hematopoiesis. They are secreted in response to immune stimuli, and usually act briefly, locally, at very low concen...
    • DAP12 interactions, organism-specific biosystem (from REACTOME)
      DAP12 interactions, organism-specific biosystemDNAX activation protein of 12kDa (DAP12) is an immunoreceptor tyrosine-based activation motif (ITAM)-bearing adapter molecule that transduces activating signals in natural killer (NK) and myeloid cel...
    • DAP12 signaling, organism-specific biosystem (from REACTOME)
      DAP12 signaling, organism-specific biosystemIn response to receptor ligation, the tyrosine residues in DAP12's immunoreceptor tyrosine-based activation motif (ITAM) are phosphorylated by Src family kinases. These phosphotyrosines form the dock...
    • Developmental Biology, organism-specific biosystem (from REACTOME)
      Developmental Biology, organism-specific biosystemAs a first step towards capturing the array of processes by which a fertilized egg gives rise to the diverse tissues of the body, examples of three kinds of processes have been annotated. These are a...
    • Downstream signal transduction, organism-specific biosystem (from REACTOME)
      Downstream signal transduction, organism-specific biosystemThe role of autophosphorylation sites on PDGF receptors are to provide docking sites for downstream signal transduction molecules which contain SH2 domains. The SH2 domain is a conserved motif of aro...
    • FCERI mediated MAPK activation, organism-specific biosystem (from REACTOME)
      FCERI mediated MAPK activation, organism-specific biosystemFormation of the LAT signaling complex leads to activation of MAPK and production of cytokines. The sequence of events that leads from LAT to cytokine production has not been as clearly defined as th...
    • Fc epsilon receptor (FCERI) signaling, organism-specific biosystem (from REACTOME)
      Fc epsilon receptor (FCERI) signaling, organism-specific biosystemMast cells (MC) are distributed in tissues throughout the human body and have long been recognized as key cells of type I hypersensitivity reactions. They also play important roles in inflammatory an...
    • Frs2-mediated activation, organism-specific biosystem (from REACTOME)
      Frs2-mediated activation, organism-specific biosystemThe adaptor protein Frs2 (Fibroblast growth factor receptor substrate 2) can mediate the prolonged activation of the MAPK (ERK) cascade.
    • GRB2 events in EGFR signaling, organism-specific biosystem (from REACTOME)
      GRB2 events in EGFR signaling, organism-specific biosystemAutophosphorylated EGFR tyrosine residues are docking sites for many downstream effectors in EGFR signaling. The adaptor protein GRB2 binds to phosphotyrosine residues in the C-tail of EGFR through i...
    • Gastrin-CREB signalling pathway via PKC and MAPK, organism-specific biosystem (from REACTOME)
      Gastrin-CREB signalling pathway via PKC and MAPK, organism-specific biosystemGastrin is a hormone whose main function is to stimulate secretion of hydrochloric acid by the gastric mucosa, which results in gastrin formation inhibition. This hormone also acts as a mitogenic fac...
    • Glutamatergic synapse, organism-specific biosystem (from KEGG)
      Glutamatergic synapse, organism-specific biosystemGlutamate is the major excitatory neurotransmitter in the mammalian central nervous system(CNS). Glutamate is packaged into synaptic vesicles in the presynaptic terminal. Once released into the synap...
    • Glutamatergic synapse, conserved biosystem (from KEGG)
      Glutamatergic synapse, conserved biosystemGlutamate is the major excitatory neurotransmitter in the mammalian central nervous system(CNS). Glutamate is packaged into synaptic vesicles in the presynaptic terminal. Once released into the synap...
    • IGF1R signaling cascade, organism-specific biosystem (from REACTOME)
      IGF1R signaling cascade, organism-specific biosystemAfter autophosphorylation the type 1 insulin-like growth factor receptor (IGF1R) binds and phosphorylates scaffold proteins, IRS1/2/4 and SHC1, which in turn bind effectors possessing enzymatic activ...
    • IRS-mediated signalling, organism-specific biosystem (from REACTOME)
      IRS-mediated signalling, organism-specific biosystemRelease of phospho-IRS from the insulin receptor triggers a cascade of signalling events via PI3K, SOS, RAF and the MAP kinases.
    • IRS-related events triggered by IGF1R, organism-specific biosystem (from REACTOME)
      IRS-related events triggered by IGF1R, organism-specific biosystemThe phosphorylated type 1 insulin-like growth factor receptor phosphorylates IR1, IRS2, IRS4 and possibly other IRS/DOK family members (reviewed in Pavelic et al. 2007, Chitnis et al. 2008, Maki et a...
    • Immune System, organism-specific biosystem (from REACTOME)
      Immune System, organism-specific biosystemHumans are exposed to millions of potential pathogens daily, through contact, ingestion, and inhalation. Our ability to avoid infection depends on the adaptive immune system and during the first crit...
    • Innate Immune System, organism-specific biosystem (from REACTOME)
      Innate Immune System, organism-specific biosystemInnate immunity encompases the nonspecific part of immunity tha are part of an individual's natural biologic makeup
    • Insulin receptor signalling cascade, organism-specific biosystem (from REACTOME)
      Insulin receptor signalling cascade, organism-specific biosystemAutophosphorylation of the insulin receptor triggers a series of signalling events, mediated by SHC or IRS, and resulting in activation of the Ras/RAF and MAP kinase cascades. A second effect of the ...
    • Interactions of neurexins and neuroligins at synapses, organism-specific biosystem (from REACTOME)
      Interactions of neurexins and neuroligins at synapses, organism-specific biosystemNeurexins (NRXNs) and neuroligins (NLGNs) are best characterized synaptic cell-adhesion molecules. They are part of excitatory glutamatergic and inhibitory GABAergic synapses in mammalian brain, medi...
    • Interleukin receptor SHC signaling, organism-specific biosystem (from REACTOME)
      Interleukin receptor SHC signaling, organism-specific biosystemPhosphorylation of Shc at three tyrosine residues, 239, 240 (Gotoh et al. 1996) and 317 (Salcini et al. 1994) involves unidentified tyrosine kinases presumed to be part of the activated receptor comp...
    • Interleukin-2 signaling, organism-specific biosystem (from REACTOME)
      Interleukin-2 signaling, organism-specific biosystemInterleukin-2 (IL-2) is a cytokine that is produced by T cells in response to antigen stimulation. Originally, IL-2 was discovered because of its potent growth factor activity on activated T cells in...
    • Interleukin-3, 5 and GM-CSF signaling, organism-specific biosystem (from REACTOME)
      Interleukin-3, 5 and GM-CSF signaling, organism-specific biosystemThe Interleukin-3 (IL-3), IL-5 and Granulocyte-macrophage colony stimulating factor (GM-CSF) receptors form a family of heterodimeric receptors that have specific alpha chains but share a common beta...
    • Long-term potentiation, organism-specific biosystem (from KEGG)
      Long-term potentiation, organism-specific biosystemHippocampal long-term potentiation (LTP), a long-lasting increase in synaptic efficacy, is the molecular basis for learning and memory. Tetanic stimulation of afferents in the CA1 region of the hippo...
    • Long-term potentiation, conserved biosystem (from KEGG)
      Long-term potentiation, conserved biosystemHippocampal long-term potentiation (LTP), a long-lasting increase in synaptic efficacy, is the molecular basis for learning and memory. Tetanic stimulation of afferents in the CA1 region of the hippo...
    • MAPK family signaling cascades, organism-specific biosystem (from REACTOME)
      MAPK family signaling cascades, organism-specific biosystemThe mitogen activated protein kinases (MAPKs) are a family of conserved protein serine threonine kinases that respond to varied extracellular stimuli to activate intracellular processes including gen...
    • MAPK1/MAPK3 signaling, organism-specific biosystem (from REACTOME)
      MAPK1/MAPK3 signaling, organism-specific biosystemThe extracellular signal regulated kinases (ERKs) 1 and 2, also known as MAPK3 and MAPK1, are phosphorylated by the MAP2Ks 1 and 2 in response to a wide range of extracellular stimuli to promote diff...
    • NCAM signaling for neurite out-growth, organism-specific biosystem (from REACTOME)
      NCAM signaling for neurite out-growth, organism-specific biosystemThe neural cell adhesion molecule, NCAM, is a member of the immunoglobulin (Ig) superfamily and is involved in a variety of cellular processes of importance for the formation and maintenance of the n...
    • NGF signalling via TRKA from the plasma membrane, organism-specific biosystem (from REACTOME)
      NGF signalling via TRKA from the plasma membrane, organism-specific biosystemTrk receptors signal from the plasma membrane and from intracellular membranes, particularly from early endosomes. Signalling from the plasma membrane is fast but transient; signalling from endosomes...
    • Neuroactive ligand-receptor interaction, organism-specific biosystem (from KEGG)
      Neuroactive ligand-receptor interaction, organism-specific biosystem
      Neuroactive ligand-receptor interaction
    • Neuroactive ligand-receptor interaction, conserved biosystem (from KEGG)
      Neuroactive ligand-receptor interaction, conserved biosystem
      Neuroactive ligand-receptor interaction
    • Neuronal System, organism-specific biosystem (from REACTOME)
      Neuronal System, organism-specific biosystemThe human brain contains at least 100 billion neurons, each with the ability to influence many other cells. Clearly, highly sophisticated and efficient mechanisms are needed to enable communication a...
    • Neurotransmitter Receptor Binding And Downstream Transmission In The Postsynaptic Cell, organism-specific biosystem (from REACTOME)
      Neurotransmitter Receptor Binding And Downstream Transmission In The Postsynaptic Cell, organism-specific biosystemThe neurotransmitter in the synaptic cleft released by the pre-synaptic neuron binds specific receptors located on the post-synaptic terminal. These receptors are either ion channels or G protein cou...
    • Nicotine addiction, organism-specific biosystem (from KEGG)
      Nicotine addiction, organism-specific biosystemNicotine is one of the main psychoactive ingredients in tobacco that contributes to the harmful tobacco smoking habit. A common feature of addictive drugs, including nicotine, is that they increase d...
    • Nicotine addiction, conserved biosystem (from KEGG)
      Nicotine addiction, conserved biosystemNicotine is one of the main psychoactive ingredients in tobacco that contributes to the harmful tobacco smoking habit. A common feature of addictive drugs, including nicotine, is that they increase d...
    • Post NMDA receptor activation events, organism-specific biosystem (from REACTOME)
      Post NMDA receptor activation events, organism-specific biosystemCa2+ influx through the NMDA receptor initiates subsequent molecular pathways that have a defined role in establishing long-lasting synaptic changes. The molecular signaling initiated by a rise in Ca...
    • Prolonged ERK activation events, organism-specific biosystem (from REACTOME)
      Prolonged ERK activation events, organism-specific biosystemAfter NGF binding, activated Trk receptors provide multiple docking sites for adaptor proteins and enzymes. Two docking proteins, the Ankyrin-Rich Membrane Spanning protein (ARMS/Kidins220) and Fibro...
    • Protein-protein interactions at synapses, organism-specific biosystem (from REACTOME)
      Protein-protein interactions at synapses, organism-specific biosystemSynapses constitute highly specialized sites of asymmetric cell-cell adhesion and intercellular communication. Its formation involves the recruitment of presynaptic and postsynaptic molecules at newl...
    • RAF/MAP kinase cascade, organism-specific biosystem (from REACTOME)
      RAF/MAP kinase cascade, organism-specific biosystemThe RAS-RAF-MEK-ERK pathway regulates processes such as proliferation, differentiation, survival, senescence and cell motility in response to growth factors, hormones and cytokines, among others. Bin...
    • RET signaling, organism-specific biosystem (from REACTOME)
      RET signaling, organism-specific biosystemThe RET proto-oncogene encodes a receptor tyrosine kinase expressed primarily in urogenital precursor cells, spermatogonocytes, dopaminergic neurons, motor neurons and neural crest progenitors and de...
    • Ras activation uopn Ca2+ infux through NMDA receptor, organism-specific biosystem (from REACTOME)
      Ras activation uopn Ca2+ infux through NMDA receptor, organism-specific biosystemCa2+ influx through the NMDA receptor leads to the activation of Ras kinase via the activation of RasGRF.
    • SALM protein interactions at the synapses, organism-specific biosystem (from REACTOME)
      SALM protein interactions at the synapses, organism-specific biosystemRecruitment of receptors and ion channels to the postsynaptic membrane is the last step in synapse formation. Many of these proteins interact directly or indirectly with postsynaptic density-95 (PSD9...
    • SHC1 events in EGFR signaling, organism-specific biosystem (from REACTOME)
      SHC1 events in EGFR signaling, organism-specific biosystemGRB2 can bind EGFR directly or through another SH2-containing protein, SHC1. This association leads to RAS activation.
    • SOS-mediated signalling, organism-specific biosystem (from REACTOME)
      SOS-mediated signalling, organism-specific biosystemSOS is recruited to the plasma membrane and mediates activation of Ras.
    • Signal Transduction, organism-specific biosystem (from REACTOME)
      Signal Transduction, organism-specific biosystemSignal transduction is a process in which extracellular signals elicit changes in cell state and activity. Transmembrane receptors sense changes in the cellular environment by binding ligands, such a...
    • Signaling by EGFR, organism-specific biosystem (from REACTOME)
      Signaling by EGFR, organism-specific biosystemThe epidermal growth factor receptor (EGFR) is one member of the ERBB family of transmembrane glycoprotein tyrosine receptor kinases (RTK). Binding of EGFR to its ligands induces conformational chang...
    • Signaling by GPCR, organism-specific biosystem (from REACTOME)
      Signaling by GPCR, organism-specific biosystemG protein-coupled receptors (GPCRs; 7TM receptors; seven transmembrane domain receptors; heptahelical receptors; G protein-linked receptors [GPLR]) are the largest family of transmembrane receptors i...
    • Signaling by Insulin receptor, organism-specific biosystem (from REACTOME)
      Signaling by Insulin receptor, organism-specific biosystemInsulin binding to its receptor results in receptor autophosphorylation on tyrosine residues and the tyrosine phosphorylation of insulin receptor substrates (e.g. IRS and Shc) by the insulin receptor...
    • Signaling by Interleukins, organism-specific biosystem (from REACTOME)
      Signaling by Interleukins, organism-specific biosystemInterleukins are low molecular weight proteins that bind to cell surface receptors and act in an autocrine and/or paracrine fashion. They were first identified as factors produced by leukocytes but a...
    • Signaling by Leptin, organism-specific biosystem (from REACTOME)
      Signaling by Leptin, organism-specific biosystemLeptin (LEP, OB, OBS), a circulating adipokine, and its receptor LEPR (DB, OBR) control food intake and energy balance and are implicated in obesity-related diseases (recently reviewed in Amitani et ...
    • Signaling by PDGF, organism-specific biosystem (from REACTOME)
      Signaling by PDGF, organism-specific biosystemPlatelet-derived Growth Factor (PDGF) is a potent stimulator of growth and motility of connective tissue cells such as fibroblasts and smooth muscle cells as well as other cells such as capillary end...
    • Signaling by SCF-KIT, organism-specific biosystem (from REACTOME)
      Signaling by SCF-KIT, organism-specific biosystemStem cell factor (SCF) is a growth factor with membrane bound and soluble forms. It is expressed by fibroblasts and endothelial cells throughout the body, promoting proliferation, migration, survival...
    • Signaling by Type 1 Insulin-like Growth Factor 1 Receptor (IGF1R), organism-specific biosystem (from REACTOME)
      Signaling by Type 1 Insulin-like Growth Factor 1 Receptor (IGF1R), organism-specific biosystemBinding of IGF1 (IGF-I) or IGF2 (IGF-II) to the extracellular alpha peptides of the type 1 insulin-like growth factor receptor (IGF1R) triggers the activation of two major signaling pathways: the SOS...
    • Signaling by VEGF, organism-specific biosystem (from REACTOME)
      Signaling by VEGF, organism-specific biosystemIn normal development vascular endothelial growth factors (VEGFs) are crucial regulators of vascular development during embryogenesis (vasculogenesis) and blood-vessel formation in the adult (angioge...
    • Signalling by NGF, organism-specific biosystem (from REACTOME)
      Signalling by NGF, organism-specific biosystemNeurotrophins (NGF, BDNF, NT-3, NT-4/5) play pivotal roles in survival, differentiation, and plasticity of neurons in the peripheral and central nervous system. They are produced, and secreted in mi...
    • Signalling to ERKs, organism-specific biosystem (from REACTOME)
      Signalling to ERKs, organism-specific biosystemNeurotrophins utilize multiple pathways to activate ERKs (ERK1 and ERK2), a subgroup of the large MAP kinase (MAPK) family, from the plasma membrane. The major signalling pathways to ERKs are via RAS...
    • Signalling to RAS, organism-specific biosystem (from REACTOME)
      Signalling to RAS, organism-specific biosystemSignalling through Shc adaptor proteins appears to be identical for both NGF and EGF. It leads to a fast, but transient, MAPK/ERK activation, which is insufficient to explain the prolonged activation...
    • Signalling to p38 via RIT and RIN, organism-specific biosystem (from REACTOME)
      Signalling to p38 via RIT and RIN, organism-specific biosystemRIT and RIN are two small guanine nucleotide binding proteins that share more than 50% sequence identity with RAS, including highly conserved core effector domains. Unlike RAS, the C termini of RIT a...
    • Transmission across Chemical Synapses, organism-specific biosystem (from REACTOME)
      Transmission across Chemical Synapses, organism-specific biosystemChemical synapses are specialized junctions that are used for communication between neurons, neurons and muscle or gland cells. The synapse involves a pre-synaptic neuron and a post-synaptic neuron,...
    • Unblocking of NMDA receptor, glutamate binding and activation, organism-specific biosystem (from REACTOME)
      Unblocking of NMDA receptor, glutamate binding and activation, organism-specific biosystemAt resting membrane potential the NMDA receptor is blocked by extracellular Mg2+ ions and therefore is not activated in this state by ligands (glutamate, glycine, NMDA). The voltage block is removed ...
    • VEGFA-VEGFR2 Pathway, organism-specific biosystem (from REACTOME)
      VEGFA-VEGFR2 Pathway, organism-specific biosystemAngiogenesis is the formation of new blood vessels from preexisting vasculature. One of the most important proangiogenic factors is vascular endothelial growth factor (VEGF). VEGF exerts its biologic...
    • VEGFR2 mediated cell proliferation, organism-specific biosystem (from REACTOME)
      VEGFR2 mediated cell proliferation, organism-specific biosystemVEGFR2 stimulates ERK not via GRB2-SOS-RAS, but via pY1175-dependent phosphorylation of PLC gamma and subsequent activation of PKCs. PKC plays an important mediatory role in the proliferative Ras/Raf...
    • cAMP signaling pathway, organism-specific biosystem (from KEGG)
      cAMP signaling pathway, organism-specific biosystemcAMP is one of the most common and universal second messengers, and its formation is promoted by adenylyl cyclase (AC) activation after ligation of G protein-coupled receptors (GPCRs) by ligands incl...
    • cAMP signaling pathway, conserved biosystem (from KEGG)
      cAMP signaling pathway, conserved biosystemcAMP is one of the most common and universal second messengers, and its formation is promoted by adenylyl cyclase (AC) activation after ligation of G protein-coupled receptors (GPCRs) by ligands incl...

    Interactions

    Products Interactant Other Gene Complex Source Pubs Description

    General gene information

    Homology

    Gene Ontology Provided by GOA

    Function Evidence Code Pubs
    NMDA glutamate receptor activity IBA
    Inferred from Biological aspect of Ancestor
    more info
    PubMed 
    NMDA glutamate receptor activity IDA
    Inferred from Direct Assay
    more info
    PubMed 
    NMDA glutamate receptor activity TAS
    Traceable Author Statement
    more info
    PubMed 
    glutamate receptor activity IBA
    Inferred from Biological aspect of Ancestor
    more info
    PubMed 
    glutamate-gated calcium ion channel activity IDA
    Inferred from Direct Assay
    more info
    PubMed 
    protein binding IPI
    Inferred from Physical Interaction
    more info
    PubMed 
    transmitter-gated ion channel activity involved in regulation of postsynaptic membrane potential IBA
    Inferred from Biological aspect of Ancestor
    more info
    PubMed 
    Process Evidence Code Pubs
    brain development NAS
    Non-traceable Author Statement
    more info
    PubMed 
    calcium ion transmembrane import into cytosol IDA
    Inferred from Direct Assay
    more info
    PubMed 
    calcium-mediated signaling IEA
    Inferred from Electronic Annotation
    more info
     
    directional locomotion IEA
    Inferred from Electronic Annotation
    more info
     
    excitatory chemical synaptic transmission NAS
    Non-traceable Author Statement
    more info
    PubMed 
    excitatory postsynaptic potential IBA
    Inferred from Biological aspect of Ancestor
    more info
    PubMed 
    glutamate receptor signaling pathway TAS
    Traceable Author Statement
    more info
    PubMed 
    ionotropic glutamate receptor signaling pathway IEA
    Inferred from Electronic Annotation
    more info
     
    long-term synaptic potentiation IBA
    Inferred from Biological aspect of Ancestor
    more info
    PubMed 
    modulation of chemical synaptic transmission IBA
    Inferred from Biological aspect of Ancestor
    more info
    PubMed 
    negative regulation of protein catabolic process IEA
    Inferred from Electronic Annotation
    more info
     
    neuromuscular process controlling balance IEA
    Inferred from Electronic Annotation
    more info
     
    protein localization to postsynaptic membrane IEA
    Inferred from Electronic Annotation
    more info
     
    regulation of synaptic plasticity NAS
    Non-traceable Author Statement
    more info
    PubMed 
    response to wounding IEA
    Inferred from Electronic Annotation
    more info
     
    synaptic transmission, glutamatergic IBA
    Inferred from Biological aspect of Ancestor
    more info
    PubMed 
    Component Evidence Code Pubs
    NMDA selective glutamate receptor complex IBA
    Inferred from Biological aspect of Ancestor
    more info
    PubMed 
    NMDA selective glutamate receptor complex IDA
    Inferred from Direct Assay
    more info
    PubMed 
    NMDA selective glutamate receptor complex TAS
    Traceable Author Statement
    more info
    PubMed 
    cell IEA
    Inferred from Electronic Annotation
    more info
     
    cell junction IEA
    Inferred from Electronic Annotation
    more info
     
    glutamatergic synapse IEA
    Inferred from Electronic Annotation
    more info
     
    integral component of plasma membrane IDA
    Inferred from Direct Assay
    more info
    PubMed 
    plasma membrane IBA
    Inferred from Biological aspect of Ancestor
    more info
    PubMed 
    plasma membrane TAS
    Traceable Author Statement
    more info
     
    postsynaptic density membrane IBA
    Inferred from Biological aspect of Ancestor
    more info
    PubMed 
    postsynaptic membrane IBA
    Inferred from Biological aspect of Ancestor
    more info
    PubMed 

    General protein information

    Preferred Names
    glutamate receptor ionotropic, NMDA 2C
    Names
    N-methyl D-aspartate receptor subtype 2C
    N-methyl-D-aspartate receptor subunit 2C
    glutamate [NMDA] receptor subunit epsilon-3
    glutamate receptor, ionotropic, N-methyl D-aspartate 2C

    NCBI Reference Sequences (RefSeq)

    RefSeqs maintained independently of Annotated Genomes

    These reference sequences exist independently of genome builds. Explain

    These reference sequences are curated independently of the genome annotation cycle, so their versions may not match the RefSeq versions in the current genome build. Identify version mismatches by comparing the version of the RefSeq in this section to the one reported in Genomic regions, transcripts, and products above.

    mRNA and Protein(s)

    1. NM_000835.6NP_000826.2  glutamate receptor ionotropic, NMDA 2C isoform 1 precursor

      See identical proteins and their annotated locations for NP_000826.2

      Status: REVIEWED

      Description
      Transcript Variant: This variant (1) represents the longest transcript and encodes the longer isoform (1).
      Source sequence(s)
      AC068874, AC087651
      Consensus CDS
      CCDS32724.1
      UniProtKB/Swiss-Prot
      Q14957
      UniProtKB/TrEMBL
      O15398
      Related
      ENSP00000293190.5, ENST00000293190.10
      Conserved Domains (4) summary
      cd06378
      Location:28389
      PBP1_iGluR_NMDA_NR2; N-terminal leucine/isoleucine/valine-binding protein (LIVBP)-like domain of the NR2 subunit of NMDA receptor family
      cd13718
      Location:400800
      PBP2_iGluR_NMDA_Nr2; The ligand-binding domain of the NR2 subunit of ionotropic NMDA (N-methyl-D-aspartate) glutamate receptors, a member of the type 2 periplasmic binding fold protein superfamily
      pfam00060
      Location:554826
      Lig_chan; Ligand-gated ion channel
      pfam10565
      Location:837917
      NMDAR2_C; N-methyl D-aspartate receptor 2B3 C-terminus
    2. NM_001278553.1NP_001265482.1  glutamate receptor ionotropic, NMDA 2C isoform 2 precursor

      See identical proteins and their annotated locations for NP_001265482.1

      Status: REVIEWED

      Description
      Transcript Variant: This variant (2) differs in the 5' UTR, includes an alternate terminal 3' exon, and its transcription extends past a splice site that is used in variant 1, resulting in a novel 3' coding region and 3' UTR compared to variant 1. The encoded isoform (2) has a distinct and shorter C-terminus, compared to isoform 1.
      Source sequence(s)
      AC087651, BC041128
      Consensus CDS
      CCDS62330.1
      UniProtKB/TrEMBL
      H0Y2V8, Q8IW23
      Related
      ENSP00000338645.4, ENST00000347612.4
      Conserved Domains (3) summary
      cd06378
      Location:28389
      PBP1_iGluR_NMDA_NR2; N-terminal leucine/isoleucine/valine-binding protein (LIVBP)-like domain of the NR2 subunit of NMDA receptor family
      cd13718
      Location:400800
      PBP2_iGluR_NMDA_Nr2; The ligand-binding domain of the NR2 subunit of ionotropic NMDA (N-methyl-D-aspartate) glutamate receptors, a member of the type 2 periplasmic binding fold protein superfamily
      pfam00060
      Location:554826
      Lig_chan; Ligand-gated ion channel

    RNA

    1. NR_103735.1 RNA Sequence

      Status: REVIEWED

      Description
      Transcript Variant: This variant (3) uses an alternate splice site in an internal exon compared to variant 1. This variant is represented as non-coding because the use of the 5'-most supported translational start codon, as used in variant 1, renders the transcript a candidate for nonsense-mediated mRNA decay (NMD).
      Source sequence(s)
      AC087651, BC144586, BM686026

    RefSeqs of Annotated Genomes: Homo sapiens Updated Annotation Release 109.

    The following sections contain reference sequences that belong to a specific genome build. Explain

    Reference GRCh38.p13 Primary Assembly

    Genomic

    1. NC_000017.11 Reference GRCh38.p13 Primary Assembly

      Range
      74842021..74860843 complement
      Download
      GenBank, FASTA, Sequence Viewer (Graphics)

    mRNA and Protein(s)

    1. XM_011524689.2XP_011522991.1  glutamate receptor ionotropic, NMDA 2C isoform X7

      See identical proteins and their annotated locations for XP_011522991.1

      Conserved Domains (4) summary
      cd06378
      Location:28389
      PBP1_iGluR_NMDA_NR2; N-terminal leucine/isoleucine/valine-binding protein (LIVBP)-like domain of the NR2 subunit of NMDA receptor family
      cd13718
      Location:400829
      PBP2_iGluR_NMDA_Nr2; The ligand-binding domain of the NR2 subunit of ionotropic NMDA (N-methyl-D-aspartate) glutamate receptors, a member of the type 2 periplasmic binding fold protein superfamily
      pfam00060
      Location:554855
      Lig_chan; Ligand-gated ion channel
      pfam10565
      Location:866946
      NMDAR2_C; N-methyl D-aspartate receptor 2B3 C-terminus
    2. XM_006721846.4XP_006721909.1  glutamate receptor ionotropic, NMDA 2C isoform X6

      Conserved Domains (4) summary
      cd06378
      Location:103464
      PBP1_iGluR_NMDA_NR2; N-terminal leucine/isoleucine/valine-binding protein (LIVBP)-like domain of the NR2 subunit of NMDA receptor family
      cd13718
      Location:475874
      PBP2_iGluR_NMDA_Nr2; The ligand-binding domain of the NR2 subunit of ionotropic NMDA (N-methyl-D-aspartate) glutamate receptors, a member of the type 2 periplasmic binding fold protein superfamily
      pfam00060
      Location:628900
      Lig_chan; Ligand-gated ion channel
      pfam10565
      Location:911991
      NMDAR2_C; N-methyl D-aspartate receptor 2B3 C-terminus
    3. XM_011524686.3XP_011522988.1  glutamate receptor ionotropic, NMDA 2C isoform X2

      Conserved Domains (4) summary
      cd06378
      Location:103464
      PBP1_iGluR_NMDA_NR2; N-terminal leucine/isoleucine/valine-binding protein (LIVBP)-like domain of the NR2 subunit of NMDA receptor family
      cd13718
      Location:475903
      PBP2_iGluR_NMDA_Nr2; The ligand-binding domain of the NR2 subunit of ionotropic NMDA (N-methyl-D-aspartate) glutamate receptors, a member of the type 2 periplasmic binding fold protein superfamily
      pfam00060
      Location:628929
      Lig_chan; Ligand-gated ion channel
      pfam10565
      Location:9401020
      NMDAR2_C; N-methyl D-aspartate receptor 2B3 C-terminus
    4. XM_006721845.4XP_006721908.1  glutamate receptor ionotropic, NMDA 2C isoform X5

      Conserved Domains (4) summary
      cd06378
      Location:103464
      PBP1_iGluR_NMDA_NR2; N-terminal leucine/isoleucine/valine-binding protein (LIVBP)-like domain of the NR2 subunit of NMDA receptor family
      cd13718
      Location:475875
      PBP2_iGluR_NMDA_Nr2; The ligand-binding domain of the NR2 subunit of ionotropic NMDA (N-methyl-D-aspartate) glutamate receptors, a member of the type 2 periplasmic binding fold protein superfamily
      pfam00060
      Location:629901
      Lig_chan; Ligand-gated ion channel
      pfam10565
      Location:912992
      NMDAR2_C; N-methyl D-aspartate receptor 2B3 C-terminus
    5. XM_011524688.3XP_011522990.1  glutamate receptor ionotropic, NMDA 2C isoform X4

      Conserved Domains (4) summary
      cd06378
      Location:103464
      PBP1_iGluR_NMDA_NR2; N-terminal leucine/isoleucine/valine-binding protein (LIVBP)-like domain of the NR2 subunit of NMDA receptor family
      cd13718
      Location:475883
      PBP2_iGluR_NMDA_Nr2; The ligand-binding domain of the NR2 subunit of ionotropic NMDA (N-methyl-D-aspartate) glutamate receptors, a member of the type 2 periplasmic binding fold protein superfamily
      pfam00060
      Location:629909
      Lig_chan; Ligand-gated ion channel
      pfam10565
      Location:9201000
      NMDAR2_C; N-methyl D-aspartate receptor 2B3 C-terminus
    6. XM_011524687.3XP_011522989.1  glutamate receptor ionotropic, NMDA 2C isoform X3

      Conserved Domains (4) summary
      cd06378
      Location:103464
      PBP1_iGluR_NMDA_NR2; N-terminal leucine/isoleucine/valine-binding protein (LIVBP)-like domain of the NR2 subunit of NMDA receptor family
      cd13718
      Location:475896
      PBP2_iGluR_NMDA_Nr2; The ligand-binding domain of the NR2 subunit of ionotropic NMDA (N-methyl-D-aspartate) glutamate receptors, a member of the type 2 periplasmic binding fold protein superfamily
      pfam00060
      Location:629922
      Lig_chan; Ligand-gated ion channel
      pfam10565
      Location:9331013
      NMDAR2_C; N-methyl D-aspartate receptor 2B3 C-terminus
    7. XM_017024544.2XP_016880033.1  glutamate receptor ionotropic, NMDA 2C isoform X1

    8. XM_011524692.3XP_011522994.1  glutamate receptor ionotropic, NMDA 2C isoform X8

      Conserved Domains (3) summary
      cd06378
      Location:103464
      PBP1_iGluR_NMDA_NR2; N-terminal leucine/isoleucine/valine-binding protein (LIVBP)-like domain of the NR2 subunit of NMDA receptor family
      pfam00060
      Location:629817
      Lig_chan; Ligand-gated ion channel
      cl21456
      Location:475818
      Periplasmic_Binding_Protein_Type_2; Type 2 periplasmic binding fold superfamily
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