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    MRPS30 mitochondrial ribosomal protein S30 [ Homo sapiens (human) ]

    Gene ID: 10884, updated on 17-Jun-2019


    Official Symbol
    MRPS30provided by HGNC
    Official Full Name
    mitochondrial ribosomal protein S30provided by HGNC
    Primary source
    See related
    Ensembl:ENSG00000112996 MIM:611991
    Gene type
    protein coding
    RefSeq status
    Homo sapiens
    Eukaryota; Metazoa; Chordata; Craniata; Vertebrata; Euteleostomi; Mammalia; Eutheria; Euarchontoglires; Primates; Haplorrhini; Catarrhini; Hominidae; Homo
    Also known as
    PAP; PDCD9; S30mt; MRP-S30
    Mammalian mitochondrial ribosomal proteins are encoded by nuclear genes and help in protein synthesis within the mitochondrion. Mitochondrial ribosomes (mitoribosomes) consist of a small 28S subunit and a large 39S subunit. They have an estimated 75% protein to rRNA composition compared to prokaryotic ribosomes, where this ratio is reversed. Another difference between mammalian mitoribosomes and prokaryotic ribosomes is that the latter contain a 5S rRNA. Among different species, the proteins comprising the mitoribosome differ greatly in sequence, and sometimes in biochemical properties, which prevents easy recognition by sequence homology. This gene encodes a 28S subunit protein that is similar to the chicken pro-apoptotic protein p52. Transcript variants using alternative promoters or polyA sites have been mentioned in the literature but the complete description of these sequences is not available. [provided by RefSeq, Jul 2008]
    Ubiquitous expression in bone marrow (RPKM 11.2), kidney (RPKM 11.2) and 25 other tissues See more

    Genomic context

    See MRPS30 in Genome Data Viewer
    Exon count:
    Annotation release Status Assembly Chr Location
    109.20190607 current GRCh38.p13 (GCF_000001405.39) 5 NC_000005.10 (44808947..44815514)
    105 previous assembly GRCh37.p13 (GCF_000001405.25) 5 NC_000005.9 (44809027..44815616)

    Chromosome 5 - NC_000005.10Genomic Context describing neighboring genes Neighboring gene RNA, 7SL, cytoplasmic 383, pseudogene Neighboring gene MRPS30 divergent transcript Neighboring gene hyperpolarization activated cyclic nucleotide gated potassium channel 1 Neighboring gene embigin

    Genomic regions, transcripts, and products


    • Project title: HPA RNA-seq normal tissues
    • Description: RNA-seq was performed of tissue samples from 95 human individuals representing 27 different tissues in order to determine tissue-specificity of all protein-coding genes
    • BioProject: PRJEB4337
    • Publication: PMID 24309898
    • Analysis date: Wed Apr 4 07:08:55 2018


    GeneRIFs: Gene References Into FunctionsWhat's a GeneRIF?

    Pathways from BioSystems

    • Mitochondrial translation, organism-specific biosystem (from REACTOME)
      Mitochondrial translation, organism-specific biosystemOf the roughly 1000 human mitochondrial proteins only 13 proteins, all of them hydrophobic inner membrane proteins that are components of the oxidative phosphorylation apparatus, are encoded in the m...
    • Mitochondrial translation elongation, organism-specific biosystem (from REACTOME)
      Mitochondrial translation elongation, organism-specific biosystemTranslation elongation proceeds by cycles of aminoacyl-tRNAs binding, peptide bond formation, and displacement of deacylated tRNAs (reviewed in Christian and Spremulli 2012). In each cycle an aminoac...
    • Mitochondrial translation initiation, organism-specific biosystem (from REACTOME)
      Mitochondrial translation initiation, organism-specific biosystemTranslation initiates with the mitochondrial mRNA binding the 28S subunit:MTIF3 (28S subunit:IF-3Mt, 28S subunit:IF3mt) complex together with MTIF2:GTP (IF-2Mt:GTP, IF2mt:GTP) (reviewed in Christian ...
    • Mitochondrial translation termination, organism-specific biosystem (from REACTOME)
      Mitochondrial translation termination, organism-specific biosystemTranslation is terminated when MTRF1L:GTP (MTRF1a:GTP) recognizes a UAA or UAG termination codon in the mRNA at the A site of the ribosome (Soleimanpour-Lichaei et al. 2007, reviewed in Richter et al...
    • Organelle biogenesis and maintenance, organism-specific biosystem (from REACTOME)
      Organelle biogenesis and maintenance, organism-specific biosystemThis module describes the biogenesis of organelles. Organelles are subcellular structures of distinctive morphology and function. The organelles of human cells include: mitochondria, endoplasmic reti...


    Products Interactant Other Gene Complex Source Pubs Description

    General gene information



    Clone Names

    • DKFZp566B2024

    Gene Ontology Provided by GOA

    Function Evidence Code Pubs
    RNA binding HDA PubMed 
    structural constituent of ribosome IEA
    Inferred from Electronic Annotation
    more info
    Process Evidence Code Pubs
    apoptotic process TAS
    Traceable Author Statement
    more info
    mitochondrial translational elongation TAS
    Traceable Author Statement
    more info
    mitochondrial translational termination TAS
    Traceable Author Statement
    more info
    Component Evidence Code Pubs
    mitochondrial inner membrane TAS
    Traceable Author Statement
    more info
    mitochondrial large ribosomal subunit IBA
    Inferred from Biological aspect of Ancestor
    more info
    mitochondrial large ribosomal subunit IDA
    Inferred from Direct Assay
    more info
    mitochondrion IBA
    Inferred from Biological aspect of Ancestor
    more info
    mitochondrion IDA
    Inferred from Direct Assay
    more info

    General protein information

    Preferred Names
    39S ribosomal protein S30, mitochondrial
    28S ribosomal protein S30, mitochondrial
    mitochondrial large ribosomal subunit protein mL65
    mitochondrial large ribosomal subunit protein mS30
    programmed cell death 9

    NCBI Reference Sequences (RefSeq)

    RefSeqs maintained independently of Annotated Genomes

    These reference sequences exist independently of genome builds. Explain

    These reference sequences are curated independently of the genome annotation cycle, so their versions may not match the RefSeq versions in the current genome build. Identify version mismatches by comparing the version of the RefSeq in this section to the one reported in Genomic regions, transcripts, and products above.

    mRNA and Protein(s)

    1. NM_016640.4NP_057724.2  39S ribosomal protein S30, mitochondrial

      See identical proteins and their annotated locations for NP_057724.2

      Status: REVIEWED

      Source sequence(s)
      AF146192, BC007735, BU676154
      Consensus CDS
      ENSP00000424328.1, ENST00000507110.6
      Conserved Domains (1) summary
      PDCD9; Mitochondrial 28S ribosomal protein S30 (PDCD9)

    RefSeqs of Annotated Genomes: Homo sapiens Annotation Release 109

    The following sections contain reference sequences that belong to a specific genome build. Explain

    Reference GRCh38.p13 Primary Assembly


    1. NC_000005.10 Reference GRCh38.p13 Primary Assembly

      GenBank, FASTA, Sequence Viewer (Graphics)
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