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    MIR3191 microRNA 3191 [ Homo sapiens (human) ]

    Gene ID: 100422832, updated on 17-Jun-2019

    Summary

    Official Symbol
    MIR3191provided by HGNC
    Official Full Name
    microRNA 3191provided by HGNC
    Primary source
    HGNC:HGNC:38222
    See related
    Ensembl:ENSG00000284411 miRBase:MI0014236
    Gene type
    ncRNA
    RefSeq status
    PROVISIONAL
    Organism
    Homo sapiens
    Lineage
    Eukaryota; Metazoa; Chordata; Craniata; Vertebrata; Euteleostomi; Mammalia; Eutheria; Euarchontoglires; Primates; Haplorrhini; Catarrhini; Hominidae; Homo
    Also known as
    mir-3191
    Summary
    microRNAs (miRNAs) are short (20-24 nt) non-coding RNAs that are involved in post-transcriptional regulation of gene expression in multicellular organisms by affecting both the stability and translation of mRNAs. miRNAs are transcribed by RNA polymerase II as part of capped and polyadenylated primary transcripts (pri-miRNAs) that can be either protein-coding or non-coding. The primary transcript is cleaved by the Drosha ribonuclease III enzyme to produce an approximately 70-nt stem-loop precursor miRNA (pre-miRNA), which is further cleaved by the cytoplasmic Dicer ribonuclease to generate the mature miRNA and antisense miRNA star (miRNA*) products. The mature miRNA is incorporated into a RNA-induced silencing complex (RISC), which recognizes target mRNAs through imperfect base pairing with the miRNA and most commonly results in translational inhibition or destabilization of the target mRNA. The RefSeq represents the predicted microRNA stem-loop. [provided by RefSeq, Sep 2009]

    Genomic context

    See MIR3191 in Genome Data Viewer
    Location:
    19q13.32
    Exon count:
    1
    Annotation release Status Assembly Chr Location
    109.20190607 current GRCh38.p13 (GCF_000001405.39) 19 NC_000019.10 (47226944..47227019, complement)
    105 previous assembly GRCh37.p13 (GCF_000001405.25) 19 NC_000019.9 (47730201..47730276, complement)

    Chromosome 19 - NC_000019.10Genomic Context describing neighboring genes Neighboring gene SUMO1 activating enzyme subunit 1 Neighboring gene Sharpr-MPRA regulatory region 12080 Neighboring gene BCL2 binding component 3 Neighboring gene microRNA 3190 Neighboring gene coiled-coil domain containing 9 Neighboring gene InaF motif containing 1

    Genomic regions, transcripts, and products

    Bibliography

    Related articles in PubMed

    GeneRIFs: Gene References Into FunctionsWhat's a GeneRIF?

    Pathways from BioSystems

    • Activation of BH3-only proteins, organism-specific biosystem (from REACTOME)
      Activation of BH3-only proteins, organism-specific biosystemThe BH3-only members act as sentinels that selectively trigger apoptosis in response to developmental cues or stress-signals like DNA damages. Widely expressed mammalian BH3-only proteins are thought...
    • Activation of PUMA and translocation to mitochondria, organism-specific biosystem (from REACTOME)
      Activation of PUMA and translocation to mitochondria, organism-specific biosystemPuma is transactivated in a p53-dependent manner and by E2F1. Activated Puma is translocated to mitochondria.
    • Apoptosis, organism-specific biosystem (from WikiPathways)
      Apoptosis, organism-specific biosystemApoptosis is a distinct form of cell death that is functionally and morphologically different from necrosis. Nuclear chromatin condensation, cytoplasmic shrinking, dilated endoplasmic reticulum, and ...
    • Apoptosis, organism-specific biosystem (from REACTOME)
      Apoptosis, organism-specific biosystemApoptosis is a distinct form of cell death that is functionally and morphologically different from necrosis. Nuclear chromatin condensation, cytoplasmic shrinking, dilated endoplasmic reticulum, and ...
    • Apoptosis Modulation and Signaling, organism-specific biosystem (from WikiPathways)
      Apoptosis Modulation and Signaling, organism-specific biosystemApoptosis, or cell death program, can be activated by various mechanisms within the extrinsic and the intrinsic pathway. While activation of cell death receptors leads to the engagement of the extrin...
    • BH3-only proteins associate with and inactivate anti-apoptotic BCL-2 members, organism-specific biosystem (from REACTOME)
      BH3-only proteins associate with and inactivate anti-apoptotic BCL-2 members, organism-specific biosystem
      BH3-only proteins associate with and inactivate anti-apoptotic BCL-2 members
    • DNA Damage Response, organism-specific biosystem (from WikiPathways)
      DNA Damage Response, organism-specific biosystemThis is the first pathway out of two pathways which deals with DNA damage response. It has two central gene products (ATM and ATR) which are connected to the sources of DNA damage (in blue). The two ...
    • DNA Damage Response (only ATM dependent), organism-specific biosystem (from WikiPathways)
      DNA Damage Response (only ATM dependent), organism-specific biosystemThis is the second pathway out of two pathways which deals with DNA damage response. It has two central gene products (ATM and TP53) which are connected with the first DNA damage response pathway. In...
    • Gene Expression, organism-specific biosystem (from REACTOME)
      Gene Expression, organism-specific biosystemGene Expression covers the pathways by which genomic DNA is transcribed to yield RNA, the regulation of these transcription processes, and the pathways by which newly-made RNA Transcripts are process...
    • Generic Transcription Pathway, organism-specific biosystem (from REACTOME)
      Generic Transcription Pathway, organism-specific biosystemOVERVIEW OF TRANSCRIPTION REGULATION: Detailed studies of gene transcription regulation in a wide variety of eukaryotic systems has revealed the general principles and mechanisms by which cell- or t...
    • Integrated Cancer Pathway, organism-specific biosystem (from WikiPathways)
      Integrated Cancer Pathway, organism-specific biosystem
      Integrated Cancer Pathway
    • Integrated Pancreatic Cancer Pathway, organism-specific biosystem (from WikiPathways)
      Integrated Pancreatic Cancer Pathway, organism-specific biosystemAn integrated pathway model which displays the protein-protein interactions (PPIs) among the relevant proteins for pancreatic cancer. This pathway is a collection of different mechanistic protein pat...
    • Intrinsic Pathway for Apoptosis, organism-specific biosystem (from REACTOME)
      Intrinsic Pathway for Apoptosis, organism-specific biosystemThe intrinsic (Bcl-2 inhibitable or mitochondrial) pathway of apoptosis functions in response to various types of intracellular stress including growth factor withdrawal, DNA damage, unfolding stress...
    • Photodynamic therapy-induced unfolded protein response, organism-specific biosystem (from WikiPathways)
      Photodynamic therapy-induced unfolded protein response, organism-specific biosystemPhotodynamic therapy may induce a proteotoxic stress response mediated by transcription factors heat shock factor 1 (HSF1), X-box binding protein 1 (XBP1), activating transcription factor (ATF) 6, an...
    • Programmed Cell Death, organism-specific biosystem (from REACTOME)
      Programmed Cell Death, organism-specific biosystemCell death is a fundamental cellular response that has a crucial role in shaping our bodies during development and in regulating tissue homeostasis by eliminating unwanted cells. There are a number o...
    • TP53 Network, organism-specific biosystem (from WikiPathways)
      TP53 Network, organism-specific biosystemP53 is not a lonely genome guardian, it operates with the assistance of p73 and p63 within a complex network including distinct but complementary pathways. This protein family presents a high le...
    • TP53 Regulates Transcription of Cell Death Genes, organism-specific biosystem (from REACTOME)
      TP53 Regulates Transcription of Cell Death Genes, organism-specific biosystemThe tumor suppressor TP53 (p53) exerts its tumor suppressive role in part by regulating transcription of a number of genes involved in cell death, mainly apoptotic cell death. The majority of apoptot...
    • TP53 Regulates Transcription of Genes Involved in Cytochrome C Release, organism-specific biosystem (from REACTOME)
      TP53 Regulates Transcription of Genes Involved in Cytochrome C Release, organism-specific biosystemApoptotic transcriptional targets of TP53 include genes that regulate the permeability of the mitochondrial membrane and/or cytochrome C release, such as BAX, BID, PMAIP1 (NOXA), BBC3 (PUMA) and prob...
    • Transcriptional Regulation by TP53, organism-specific biosystem (from REACTOME)
      Transcriptional Regulation by TP53, organism-specific biosystemThe tumor suppressor TP53 (encoded by the gene p53) is a transcription factor. Under stress conditions, it recognizes specific responsive DNA elements and thus regulates the transcription of many gen...
    • miRNA Regulation of DNA Damage Response, organism-specific biosystem (from WikiPathways)
      miRNA Regulation of DNA Damage Response, organism-specific biosystemThis is the first out of two pathways which deals with the DNA damage response. It is comprised of two central gene products (ATM and ATR) influenced by different sources of DNA damage (in blue). The...

    NCBI Reference Sequences (RefSeq)

    RefSeqs maintained independently of Annotated Genomes

    These reference sequences exist independently of genome builds. Explain

    These reference sequences are curated independently of the genome annotation cycle, so their versions may not match the RefSeq versions in the current genome build. Identify version mismatches by comparing the version of the RefSeq in this section to the one reported in Genomic regions, transcripts, and products above.

    RNA

    1. NR_036159.1 RNA Sequence

      Status: PROVISIONAL

      Source sequence(s)
      AC008532
      Related
      ENST00000636300.1

    RefSeqs of Annotated Genomes: Homo sapiens Annotation Release 109

    The following sections contain reference sequences that belong to a specific genome build. Explain

    Reference GRCh38.p13 Primary Assembly

    Genomic

    1. NC_000019.10 Reference GRCh38.p13 Primary Assembly

      Range
      47226944..47227019 complement
      Download
      GenBank, FASTA, Sequence Viewer (Graphics)
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