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    MRPL51 mitochondrial ribosomal protein L51 [ Homo sapiens (human) ]

    Gene ID: 51258, updated on 12-Aug-2018

    Summary

    Official Symbol
    MRPL51provided by HGNC
    Official Full Name
    mitochondrial ribosomal protein L51provided by HGNC
    Primary source
    HGNC:HGNC:14044
    See related
    Ensembl:ENSG00000111639 MIM:611855; Vega:OTTHUMG00000168512
    Gene type
    protein coding
    RefSeq status
    REVIEWED
    Organism
    Homo sapiens
    Lineage
    Eukaryota; Metazoa; Chordata; Craniata; Vertebrata; Euteleostomi; Mammalia; Eutheria; Euarchontoglires; Primates; Haplorrhini; Catarrhini; Hominidae; Homo
    Also known as
    CDA09; MRP64; bMRP64; HSPC241
    Summary
    Mammalian mitochondrial ribosomal proteins are encoded by nuclear genes and help in protein synthesis within the mitochondrion. Mitochondrial ribosomes (mitoribosomes) consist of a small 28S subunit and a large 39S subunit. They have an estimated 75% protein to rRNA composition compared to prokaryotic ribosomes, where this ratio is reversed. Another difference between mammalian mitoribosomes and prokaryotic ribosomes is that the latter contain a 5S rRNA. Among different species, the proteins comprising the mitoribosome differ greatly in sequence, and sometimes in biochemical properties, which prevents easy recognition by sequence homology. This gene encodes a 39S subunit protein. Pseudogenes corresponding to this gene are found on chromosomes 4p and 21q. [provided by RefSeq, Jul 2008]
    Expression
    Ubiquitous expression in testis (RPKM 75.3), colon (RPKM 52.6) and 25 other tissues See more
    Orthologs

    Genomic context

    See MRPL51 in Genome Data Viewer
    Location:
    12p13.31
    Exon count:
    3
    Annotation release Status Assembly Chr Location
    109 current GRCh38.p12 (GCF_000001405.38) 12 NC_000012.12 (6492150..6493305, complement)
    105 previous assembly GRCh37.p13 (GCF_000001405.25) 12 NC_000012.11 (6601316..6602471, complement)

    Chromosome 12 - NC_000012.12Genomic Context describing neighboring genes Neighboring gene TAP binding protein like Neighboring gene vesicle associated membrane protein 1 Neighboring gene plakophilin 2 pseudogene 1 Neighboring gene non-SMC condensin I complex subunit D2 Neighboring gene small Cajal body-specific RNA 10 Neighboring gene uncharacterized LOC112268089

    Genomic regions, transcripts, and products

    Expression

    • Project title: HPA RNA-seq normal tissues
    • Description: RNA-seq was performed of tissue samples from 95 human individuals representing 27 different tissues in order to determine tissue-specificity of all protein-coding genes
    • BioProject: PRJEB4337
    • Publication: PMID 24309898
    • Analysis date: Wed Jun 15 11:32:44 2016

    Pathways from BioSystems

    • Mitochondrial translation, organism-specific biosystem (from REACTOME)
      Mitochondrial translation, organism-specific biosystemOf the roughly 1000 human mitochondrial proteins only 13 proteins, all of them hydrophobic inner membrane proteins that are components of the oxidative phosphorylation apparatus, are encoded in the m...
    • Mitochondrial translation elongation, organism-specific biosystem (from REACTOME)
      Mitochondrial translation elongation, organism-specific biosystemTranslation elongation proceeds by cycles of aminoacyl-tRNAs binding, peptide bond formation, and displacement of deacylated tRNAs (reviewed in Christian and Spremulli 2012). In each cycle an aminoac...
    • Mitochondrial translation initiation, organism-specific biosystem (from REACTOME)
      Mitochondrial translation initiation, organism-specific biosystemTranslation initiates with the mitochondrial mRNA binding the 28S subunit:MTIF3 (28S subunit:IF-3Mt, 28S subunit:IF3mt) complex together with MTIF2:GTP (IF-2Mt:GTP, IF2mt:GTP) (reviewed in Christian ...
    • Mitochondrial translation termination, organism-specific biosystem (from REACTOME)
      Mitochondrial translation termination, organism-specific biosystemTranslation is terminated when MTRF1L:GTP (MTRF1a:GTP) recognizes a UAA or UAG termination codon in the mRNA at the A site of the ribosome (Soleimanpour-Lichaei et al. 2007, reviewed in Richter et al...
    • Organelle biogenesis and maintenance, organism-specific biosystem (from REACTOME)
      Organelle biogenesis and maintenance, organism-specific biosystemThis module describes the biogenesis of organelles. Organelles are subcellular structures of distinctive morphology and function. The organelles of human cells include: mitochondria, endoplasmic reti...

    Interactions

    Products Interactant Other Gene Complex Source Pubs Description

    General gene information

    Markers

    Homology

    Gene Ontology Provided by GOA

    Function Evidence Code Pubs
    protein binding IPI
    Inferred from Physical Interaction
    more info
    PubMed 
    structural constituent of ribosome IBA
    Inferred from Biological aspect of Ancestor
    more info
    PubMed 
    structural constituent of ribosome ISS
    Inferred from Sequence or Structural Similarity
    more info
    PubMed 
    Process Evidence Code Pubs
    mitochondrial translation ISS
    Inferred from Sequence or Structural Similarity
    more info
    PubMed 
    mitochondrial translational elongation TAS
    Traceable Author Statement
    more info
     
    mitochondrial translational termination TAS
    Traceable Author Statement
    more info
     
    translation IBA
    Inferred from Biological aspect of Ancestor
    more info
    PubMed 
    translation ISS
    Inferred from Sequence or Structural Similarity
    more info
     
    Component Evidence Code Pubs
    mitochondrial inner membrane TAS
    Traceable Author Statement
    more info
     
    mitochondrial large ribosomal subunit IBA
    Inferred from Biological aspect of Ancestor
    more info
    PubMed 
    mitochondrial large ribosomal subunit IDA
    Inferred from Direct Assay
    more info
    PubMed 
    mitochondrial large ribosomal subunit ISS
    Inferred from Sequence or Structural Similarity
    more info
     
    mitochondrial ribosome IDA
    Inferred from Direct Assay
    more info
    PubMed 
    mitochondrion IDA
    Inferred from Direct Assay
    more info
    PubMed 

    General protein information

    Preferred Names
    39S ribosomal protein L51, mitochondrial
    Names
    L51mt
    MRP-L51
    bMRP-64
    mitochondrial large ribosomal subunit protein mL51
    mitochondrial ribosomal protein 64
    mitochondrial ribosomal protein bMRP64
    NP_057581.2

    NCBI Reference Sequences (RefSeq)

    RefSeqs maintained independently of Annotated Genomes

    These reference sequences exist independently of genome builds. Explain

    These reference sequences are curated independently of the genome annotation cycle, so their versions may not match the RefSeq versions in the current genome build. Identify version mismatches by comparing the version of the RefSeq in this section to the one reported in Genomic regions, transcripts, and products above.

    mRNA and Protein(s)

    1. NM_016497.3NP_057581.2  39S ribosomal protein L51, mitochondrial

      See identical proteins and their annotated locations for NP_057581.2

      Status: REVIEWED

      Source sequence(s)
      AF212248, BC014329, BI856229
      Consensus CDS
      CCDS8547.1
      UniProtKB/Swiss-Prot
      Q4U2R6
      Related
      ENSP00000229238.3, OTTHUMP00000238892, ENST00000229238.4, OTTHUMT00000399956
      Conserved Domains (1) summary
      pfam10244
      Location:38126
      MRP-L51; Mitochondrial ribosomal subunit

    RefSeqs of Annotated Genomes: Homo sapiens Annotation Release 109 details...Open this link in a new tab

    The following sections contain reference sequences that belong to a specific genome build. Explain

    Reference GRCh38.p12 Primary Assembly

    Genomic

    1. NC_000012.12 Reference GRCh38.p12 Primary Assembly

      Range
      6492150..6493305 complement
      Download
      GenBank, FASTA, Sequence Viewer (Graphics)
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